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29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)?
condition of the small or large intestine involving inflammation acute or chronic in nature
appendicitis?
acute inflammation of the vermiform appendix
McBurney's point?
area in the right lower quadrant of the abdomen where the pain associated with appendicitis is localized
perforation?
rupture
rebound tenderness?
severe pain occuring after pressure applied to an area is released
laparoscopy?
minimally invasive procedure involving inserting a small endoscope through small incisions made near the umbilicus
laparotomy?
procedure involving inserting instruments through a large abdominal incision
appendectomy?
removal of the appendix
peritonitis?
acute inflammation of the visceral/parietal peritoneum and endothelial lining of the abdominal cavity
septicemia?
bacterial invasion of the blood
primary peritonitis?
acute bacterial infection from contamination of the peritoneum through the vascular system
secondary peritonitis?
bacterial invasion from an acute abdominal disorder
gastroenteritis?
increase in the frequency and water content of stools or vomiting as a result of inflammation of the mucous membranes of the stomach and intestinal tract
ulcerative colitis?
chronic inflammation of the mucosal lining of the colon or rectum
tenesmus?
uncontrollable straining
refractory disease?
disease that does not respond to any other type of therapy
ostomate?
a client with an ostomy
effluent?
drainage
toxic megacolon?
enlarged colon caused by antidiarrheal medications...it's characterized by:
enlarged colon
fever
leukocytosis
tachycardia
distended abdomen
tender abdomen
steatorrhea?
fatty diarrheal stools
enterovesical fistula?
abnormal passage connecting two organs or cavities
diverticulosis?
presence of numerous abnormal pouchlike herniations (diverticula) in the wall of the intestine
diverticulitis?
inflammation of one or more diverticula
anorectal abscess?
localized induration and fluctuance caused by inflammation of the soft tissue near the rectum or anus
dyspareunia?
painful intercourse
fistulotomy?
surgical procedure to repair a fistula
parasites?
organisms that grow, feed, and are sheltered on or in a different organism while contributing nothing to the survival of the host
helminths?
wormlike animals
botulism?
paralytic disease resulting from ingestion of a toxin in food contaminated with Clostridium botulinium