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27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
inflammation of the gastric mucosa
the self-digestion of the stomach
folds in the stomach
pernicious anemia?
anemia caused by failure of the stomach to absorb vitamin B12
acute gastritis?
inflammation of the gastric mucosa or submucosa after exposure to local irritants
chronic gastritis?
patchy, diffuse inflammation of the mucosal lining of the stomach
type A gastritis?
stomach inflammation associated with the presence of antibodies to parietal cells and intrinsic factor
type B gastritis?
stomach inflammation caused by infection by H. pylori
atrophic gastritis?
stomach inflammation caused by exposure to toxic substances, infection by H. pylori, or autoimmune factors
vomiting blood
traces of blood in the stool
peptic ulcer?
a mucosal lesion of the stomach or duodenum
peptic ulcer disease (PUD)?
disorder occuring when the gastric mucosa no longer protects the epithelium from the effects of acid and pepsin
upper GI bleeding?
bleeding at or above the duodenojejunal junction
pyloric obstruction?
obstruction at the gastric outlet (pylorus)
minimally invasive gastrectomy?
procedure to remove a chronic gastric ulcer or treat a hemorrhage using laparoscopy
creation of a passage directly between the stomach and the jejunum
procedure to decrease acid-secreting stimulus to gastric cells and to decrease the responsiveness of parietal cells
procedure to widen the exit of the pylorus
dumping syndrome?
abdominal distention resulting from rapid emptying of gastric contents into the small intestine
reflux gastropathy?
a complication of gastric surgery in which the pylorus is bypassed or removed; caused by regurgitated bile in the stomach and mucosal hyperemia
delayed gastric emptying?
often present after gastric surgery
afferent loop syndrome?
may be caused by a partial obstruction of the duodenal loop after a Billroth II resection; the loop fills with pancreatic and biliary secretions
recurrent ulceration?
can be caused by incomplete vagotomy or persistent H. pylori infection
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome?
manifested by upper GI tract ulceration, increased gastric acid secretion, and the presence of a non-beta cell islet tumor of the pancreas (gastrinoma)
a non-beta cell islet tumor of the pancreas
absence of secretion of hydrochloric acid