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29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)?
backward flow of gastrointestinal contents into esophagus
reflux?
backward flow
reflux esophagitis?
inflammation of esophagus due to GERD
Barrett's epithelium?
columnar epithelium used by body during healing of damaged esophagus in place of the original squamous cell epithelium
regurgitation?
reflux of gastrointestinal contents into throat
water brash?
reflex salivary hypersecretion occuring in response to reflux
dysphagia?
difficulty swallowing
odynophagia?
pain during swallowing
eructation?
belching
24-hour ambulatory pH monitoring?
24 hour monitoring of the pH in the esophagus to test for GERD
esophageal manometry?
measurement of lower esophageal sphincter pressure and peristalsis to test for GERD
hiatal hernias?
protrusion of the stomach through the esophageal hiatus of the diaphragm into the thorax
Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication (LNF)?
most common surgical technique for repairing hiatal hernias
gas bloat syndrome?
complication of LNF surgery in which clients are unable to voluntarily belch
aerophagia?
air swallowing
achalasia?
esophageal motility disorder resulting from esophageal denervation
denervation?
loss of nerve impulse passage
halitosis?
foul mouth odor
subcutaneous emphysema?
air under the skin
hemoptysis?
coughing up blood
esophagomyotomy?
treatment for achalasia involving an incision in the LES to facilitate the passage of food through the esophagus
fundoplication?
antireflux wrap
metastasize?
spread through the body
multimodal therapies?
treatment involving multiple therapies
esophagectomy?
removal of all or part of the esophagus
esophagogastrostomy?
removal of part of the esophagus and proximal stomach
colon interposition?
substitution of part of the colon for the esophagus
vagotomy syndrome?
result of interruption of vagal fibers to the abdominal viscera during surgery
diverticula?
sacs resulting from the herniation of esophageal mucosa and submucosa into surrounding tissue