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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
hyperthyroidism?
caused by excessive thyroid hormone secretion
thyrotoxicosis?
manifestations of hyperthyroidism
synthesis?
buildup
degradation?
breakdown
negative nitrogen balance?
net loss of protein when degradation exceeds synthesis
hyperglycemia?
elevated blood glucose levels
Graves' disease?
autoimmune disorder in which thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulins (TSIs) bind to the the thyroid gland, causing it to increase in size and overproduce thyroid hormones; most common cause of hyperthyroidism
goiter?
enlargement of the thyroid gland
exophthalmos?
abnormal protrusion of the eyes
pretibial myxedema?
dry, waxy swelling of the front surfaces of the lower legs
toxic multinodular goiter?
hyperthyroidism caused by multiple thyroid nodules; usually occurs after age of 50 and affect women four times as often as men
exogenous hyperthyroidism?
hyperthyroidism caused by excessive use of thyroid replacement hormones
diaphoresis?
increased sweating
ophthalmopathy?
abnormal eye appearance or function
photophobia?
sensitivity to light
total thyroidectomy?
complete removal of thyroid tissue; clients must take lifelong thyroid hormone replacement
subtotal thyroidectomy?
partial removal of thyroid tissue
euthyroid?
near-normal thyroid function
hypocalcemia?
low serum calcium levels
tetany?
hyperexcitability of nerves and muscles
stridor?
harsh, high-pitched respiratory sounds
thyroid storm/thyroid crisis?
life-threatening event caused by uncontrolled hyperthyroidism
myxedema?
mucinous edema
myxedema coma?
decreased cardiac output caused by hypothyroidism
dysphagia?
difficulty swallowing
metastasis?
spread of cancer cells
dyspnea?
difficulty breathing
hypercalcemia?
excessive calcium
hypophosphatemia?
inadequate phosphate
osteoblastic?
bone production
osteoclastic?
bone destruction