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68 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Outer shell of the kidney
Rental capsule
The kidney substance
Cortex and medulla
what does the rental artery do
brings fresh blood into the kidney
what does the renal vein do
takes blood away. carries 99% of the fluid which is called filtrate which is plasma.
Takes blood away from the Bowman's capsule
efferent arteriole
When the efferent arterioles split up and wrap around the tubes what are they called
peritubular capillaries
a mixture of good and bad blood
filtrate
What is the level of exchange?
peritubular capillaries
Insufficient production of urine
Oliguria
Lack of urine production
Anuria
Urinary incontinence
enuresus
Constituents of urine in the blood
Uremia
Blood in the urine
Hematuria
AKA for the pituitary gland
Hypophysis / Master gland
One of the hormones secreted by the pituitary gland
Antidiuretic hormone
What's a diuretic?
Something that makes one urinate like coffee.
– Lack of production of the antidiuretic hormone (ADH), causing a person to urine way too much
diabetes insipidus
Excessive thirst in connection with diabetes insipidus
Polydipsia
Excessive hunger
Polyphagia
Excessive urination
Polyuria
Reproductive cells
Gametes-- sperm and oocyte
Reproductive organs
Gonads
Undescended testicle.
Cryptorchidism
the protrusion of some body part through a muscular wall
Hernia
Where the sperm is stored
epididymis
Extension of that tube
ductus deferens or vas deferens
Thing in males located at the base of the bladder and what it does.
Prostate - provides lubricants that help form semen
the fluid sperm swim in
semen
Two glands which provide further lubricating fluid and another name for it
Cowper’s gland – a.k.a. Bulbourethral glands
uterus aka
womb
On either side of the uterus
Fallopian tube or uterine tube
At the end of each Fallopian tube
frimbriae
Fertilized ovum
Zygote
a mature egg cell released during ovulation from an ovary.
Ovum
Zygote grows into an
embryo
After two or three months it will be a
fetus
a pregnancy occurring outside of the uterus
Ectopic pregnancy
a pregnancy occurring in the Fallopian tube
Intrauterine
The muscular structure of the uterus
Myometrium
– the delicate tissue lining of the uterus
Endometrium
Exaplain a follicle
inside is an oocyte- over the months it grows until the follicle is ruptured and the ovum comes out
What’s left of the follicle becomes what is called the
Corpus luteum
Process of releasing the ovum
Ovulation
What do kidneys do?
Remove toxins, cleans blood, conserves water, 1300 ml fluid every minute
Presence of urinary constituents in the blood.
Uremia
glands that sit on top of each kidney
Adrenal gland
The fucntional unit of the kidney
Nephrons
What are nephrons composed of?
Glomerulus, Bowman's capsule, capillaries, proximal henle, loop of henle, distal tubule, convoluted tubule, collecting duct.
Three parts of the kidney
Cortex, medulla, nephrons
Artery that brings blood to the kidney
Renal artery
Offshoot of the rental artery
arteriole
Tangle of capillaries in the Bowman's capsule
Glomerulus
Bowman's capsule is filled with
plasma
twisted tube connected to the Bowman's capsule
Proximal convoluted tubule
If an egg does not beocme fertilized, it is
corpus albacans
Inner portion of the kidney is mostly
medulla/pyramid
Made up by the collecting ducts
pyramids
chemical part of the urine
urea
Tubes that go from the kidneys to the bladder
ureters
upper flared portion of the ureter
renal pelvis
proximal end of the ureter
pelvis
spout that urine comes out of
urethra
A person will feel the urge to urinate when the bladder is...
50 to 75 percent full
The bladder is a ___ organ
distensible
muslce that helps a person urinate
detrusor muscle
aka for urination
micturition
kidney stone
nephrolith or renal calculus
when parts of urine get into the blood
uremia