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38 Cards in this Set

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____-____ _____ is defined as any communicative transaction which occurs through the use of two or more networked computers.[1] While the term has traditionally referred to those communications that occur via computer-mediated formats (i.e., instant messages, e-mails, chat rooms) it has also been applied to other forms of text-based interaction such as text messaging.
Computer-Mediated Communication (CMC)
______ is a neologism that defines a sociologic basis of mobile communication theory, specifically within the context of its relationship to technology and society.
Apparatgeist
______ refers to the spirit of the machine that influences both the designs of the technology as well as the significance given to them by users, non-users and anti-users.
Apparatgeist
___ _____ is the pervasive surveillance of an entire population, or a substantial fraction thereof.
Mass surveillance
______ is the tendency for different technological systems to evolve towards performing similar tasks.
convergence
______ is defined as the interlinking of computing and other information technologies, media content and communication networks that have arisen as the result of the evolution and popularisation of the Internet
convergence
Communication is a ____ ____ in which people interact with and through symbols to create and interpret meanings.
systemic process
One of the three elements of communication is that it is a _____. It plays a role in CMC in that users undergo a turn-taking procedure in sending, receiving, and interpreting messages.
Process
1 of the 3 elements of comm. that play a role in CMC
One of three elements of communication is that it is _____. Plays a role in CMC in that users are relying on symbols to exchange information, whether they be abstract, arbitrary, or ambivalent.
Symbollic
1 of the 3 elements of comm. that play a role in CMC.
In both Comm. as a whole and CMC, information exchanged has ______; at the ______ level (literal) and the _____ level (figurative); ie, what is said vs. how it is said
Meanings, content, relationship
1 of 3 ways in which comm. elements plays role in CMC
_____, ______, ______, and _ ___ are just four of the top ten companies for alternative info. and diversity.
Microsoft, Google, Yahoo, and Ebay
____ and ____ ____ ____ are just two examples of alternative information and diversity outlets.
Blogs and Social Networking Sites.
Developed in ____ by computer engineer Ray _______, _____ is a software that sends electronic messages to any computer, designated with an @ sign.
1971, Tomlinson, Email
1 example of historical events that led to the internet.
In, _____ – The ____ ____ _____ invested in high-speed communications network to link computers around country.
1982, The National Science Foundation
1 example of historical events that led to the internt
In 1959, ___ _____ presented the world with "The Presentation of Self In Everyday Life."
Erving Goffman
___ ___: people put on a particular image to advance their public role
Face-work
______ is a concept that suggests people control their multiple roles as they negotiate between them
Multiphrenia
On the continuum of identity manipulation, there are three ways in which we can choose to control our self-representation: _____, pseudo-_____, and real-life identity.
anonymity, pseudo-anonymity
A ___ of ANONYMITY is that is allows users to avoid ___ ____ of unpopular statements.
pro, peer pressure
A ___ of ANONYMITY is that the law ___ ____ illegal speech.
con, can't prosecute
The ___ ___'s defining characteristic is that the viewing audience are forced to regard the action and characters of a text from the perspective of a heterosexual man, denying women ____ ____
Male Gaze, human agency
The _____ _____ ____ is the community network for Blacksburg, Virginia which is managed as an outreach effort of Virginia Tech.
Blacksburg Electronic Village
Silver's central hypothesis is that ___, ___, and ___ DO exist online, and it is bad that the BEV leaves them out.
race, gender, and sexuality
A ____ ____ is a social aggregation that evolves from the Net when enough people carry on tpublic discussions long enough, with sufficient human feeling, to form webs of personal relationships in cyberspace
virtual community
____ _____ is how shared ideals are fostered among geographically distant peoples and emerged due to intervention of mediated communication
imagined communities
One critique of the Virtual Community concept is that they have potential to foster ___ ___ of the ____.
narrow views of the world
One example of online identity deception is _____, in which a person will pose as a legitimate member of an online group and will disrupt the discussion by posting negative comments which ultimately damages the feeling of trust in the online community.
trolling
A question posed by Wellman and Gulia's article is: "Are stong, intimate _____ possible online?" Their findings are ____, but suggest that relationships formed online are intimate _____ relationships; informal, frequent, and supportive community ties that operate in a specialized ____.
ties, inconclusive, secondary, domain
The ___ ___ is an area in social life where people can get together and freely discuss and identify societal problems, and through that discussion influence political action. ___ ___ is central site for its creation.
public sphere, mass media
The ___ ___ is a popular term that suggests there is a division between nations or communities who have access to communication technology and those who don’t.
digital divide
The term ___ ___ refers to the press, both in its explicit capacity of advocacy and in its implicit ability to frame political issues.
fourth estate
current example: media coverage of political candidates personal/professional history dictates our perception of that candidate, regardless of validity of claims.
A critique of mass media from the public sphere is that the mass media causes a _____ of information and communication services that speaks to people predominantly through their identity as ____.
commercialization, consumers
One example in which Mediated Communication IS an example of the public sphere is the use of ___ ____ to pass along anti-government messages in a suppressed nation.
text messages
One critique of the digital divide is the ___ ____: the digital divide should be viewed as a temporary condition of a rapidly changing environment.
snapshot critique
haves vs. have laters
Two examples of legal limits on the internet are the___ ___ _ ___ and the _._. ____ __.
The Great Firewall of China, US Patriot Act.
A perspective on CMC, _____ _____ occurs when individuals find that they are better able to express themselves in mediated environments then they are in F2F interactions.
hyper-personal communication
_____ refers to the level of interpersonal contact and feelings of intimacy experienced in communication.
immediacy
The key argument in reaction to Black Planet is that African Americans deliberately network like this as a ___ _____ to racism, hostility, and alienation.
coping mechnism