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16 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is the Apgar Scale?
Appearance (colour) 2
Pulse rate 2
Breathing 2
Muscle tone (activity) 2
Reflex irritability (grimace/cry) 2

1 minute and 5 minutes after birth

Maximum score 10
What are some foetal abnormalities and birth complications?
1. Chromosomal abnormalities
e.g. - Sex chromosomes e.g. Turners syndrome (XO), Klinefelter's Syndrome (XXY)
- Down Syndrome 21, 21, 21 (trisomy 21)

2. Maternal disease
e.g. Rubella, STD, Diabetes

3. Drugs
e.g. Aspirin, Thalidimide, Alcohol, Nicotine

4. Environment
e.g. Mercury, lead, noise

5. Analgesics
e.g. Pethidine

6. Prematurity (before 36 weeks gestation)
Whar are some key points about Low birth weight?
- premature <37 weeks
- small for date < 90% weight for age
- risks:
> death approx. 7/1000
> medical complications e.g. CVA, cognitive impairment
- predictors
> sociodemographic e.g. adolescent, indigenous, poverty
> chronic illness
> prenatal behaviour e.g. substance abuse
What are the two stages of sleep development?
1. REM sleep (active sleep)
2. Non-REM sleep (quiet sleep)
What are the 4 primitive reflexes?
Rooting
Grasping
Moro
Walking
What are the 4 sensory capacities?
Taste
Smell
Hearing
Seeing
- accomodation (focus)
- acuity (detail)
What expression of fundamental emotions are present at birth?
Interest
Neonatal smile (a "hall smile" that appears spontaneously for no apparent reason)
Startle response
Distress (in response to pain)
Disgust (in response to unpleasant taste or smell)
What expression of fundamental emotions emerge between 4-6 weeks?
Social smile
What expression of fundamental emotions emerge between 3-4 months?
Anger
Surprise
Sadness
What expression of fundamental emotions emerge between 5-7 months?
Fear
What expression of fundamental emotions emerge between 6-8 months?
Shame, shyness, self-awareness
What expression of fundamental emotions emerge in the 2nd year of life?
Contempt
Guilt
What are 3 different temperaments?
Easy
Difficult
Slow to warm up
What are 3 different social relationships?
Turn-taking
Smiling
Crying
What are the symptoms of postnatal depression?
Depression
Anxiety
Guilt
Irritability
Hypochondriasis
Motor retardation
Dependency
Reduced libido
(cognition, appetite, sleep)
What are the 3 kinds of attachment?
Avoidant-ignoring (15-20%)
Secure (60-70%)
Ambivalent-distressed (12-16%)