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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
strain
damage, usually muscular, from excessive physical effort
sprain
traumatic injury to tendons, ligaments, or muscles around a joint
fracture
a break in a bone
compound (open) fracture
bone is fractured and protrudes through the skin
closed fracture
bone is fractured but does not protrude through the skin
greenstick fracture
an incomplete fracture, fracture only on one side
impacted fracture
one bone fragment is driven into another fragment
comminuted fracture
a type of fracture where many bone fragments are present
displaced transverse fracture
a fracture at right angles to the axis of the bone
displaced spiral fracture
a fracture where the bone is twisted apart
dislocation
displacement of a bone from a joint
spina bifida
congenital abnormality characterized by defective closure of vertebrae
scoliosis
lateral curvature of the spine
lordosis
abnormal concave curvature of the lumbar spine
kyphosis
abnormal convex curvature of the thoracic spine
degenerative joint disease (DJD)
osteoarthritis, loss of articular cartilage
rheumatoid arthritis
chronic, progressive, systemic inflammation of primarily synovial joints
ankylosing spondylitis
inflammation and stiffening of the spine
spondylosyndesis
spinal fusion
arthroclasia
artificial breaking of an ankylosed joint
reduction
any process to restore a fracture
closed reduction
process where a fracture is restored without surgery
open reduction
process where a fracture is restored by surgery