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24 Cards in this Set

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adenoidectomy
excision of adenoids
lobectomy
removal of a lobe of a lung
nasal polypectomy
removal of a nasal polyp
pneumonectomy
removal of an entire lung
thoracentesis
puncture for aspiration of the chest
thoracoplasty
repair of the chest involving fixation of the ribs
thoracoscopy
endoscopic examination of the pleural cavity using a thoracoscope
thoracostomy
creation of an opening in the chest, usually to insert a tube
thoracotomy
incision into chest
tonsillectomy
excition of palatine tonsils
tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
(T&A)
excision of tonsils and adenoids
tracheostomy
creation of an opening in the trahea, to insert a tube
tracheotomy
incision into the trachea
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
(CPR)
a method of artificial respiration and chest compressions to move oxygenated blood to vital body organs when breathing and the heart have stopped
continuous positive airway pressure
CPAP
a device that pumps a constant pressurized flow of air through the nasal passages
endotracheal intubation
passage of a tube into the trachea via the nose or mouth to open the airway for delivering gas mixtures to the lungs
incentive spirometry
a common postoperative breathing therapy using a specially designed spirometer to encourage the patient to inhale and hold an inspiratory volume to exercise the lungs and prevent pulmonary complications
mechanical ventilation
mechanical breathing using a ventilator
antibiotic
a drug that kills or inhibits growth of microorganisms
anticoagulant
a drug that dissolves or prevents thte formation of, thrombi or emboli in the blood vessels
antihistamine
a drug that neutralizes or inhibits the effects of histamine
histamine
a compound in the body that is released by injured cells in allergic reactions, inflammation and so on, causing constriction of bronchial smoot muscle and dilation of blood vessels
bronchodilator
a drug that dilates the muscular walls of the bronchi
expectorant
a drug that breaks up mucus and promotes coughing