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22 Cards in this Set

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arterial blood gases
analysis of arterial blood to determine adequacy of lung function in the exchange of gases
pH
a measure of blood acidity or alkalinity
PaO2
partial pressure of oxygen measuring the amount of oxygen in the blood
PaCO2
partial pressure of carbon dioxide measuring the amount of carbon dioxide in the blood
endoscopy
examination inside a body cavity with a flexible endoscope
bronchoscopy
use of flexible endoscope, called a bronchoscope, to examine the airways
nasopharyngoscopy
use of flexible endoscope to examine the nasal passages and the pharynx
auscultation
to listen; using stethoscope
percussion
a physical examination method of tapping over the body to elicit vibrations and sounds to estimate the size, border, or fluid content of a cavity, such as the chest
lung biopsy (Bx)
removal of a small piece of lung tissue for pathologic examination
lung scan
two part nuclear scan of the lungs to detect abnormalities of ventillation or perfusion made after radioactive material is injected in the patients blood, as the patient breathes radioactive material into the airways
magnetic resonance image
MRI
nonionizing image of the lung to visualize lung lesions
polysomnography
recording of various aspects of sleep for diagnosis of sleep disorders
pulmonary function testing
PFT
direct and indirect measurements of lung volumes and capacities
spirometry
a direct measurement of lung volume and capacity
tidal volume
TV or Vt
amount of air exhaled after a normal inspiration
vital capacity
VC
amount of air exhaled after a maximal inspiration
peak flow (PF)
peak expiratory flow rate
PEFR
measure of the fastest flow of exhaled air after a maximal inspiration
radiology
xray imaging
chest xray
CXR
xray image of the chest to visualize the lungs
computed tomography
CT
CT of the thorax is used to detect lesions in the lung
pulmonary angiography
xray of the blood vessels of lungs after injection of contrast material