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195 Cards in this Set

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hydramnios
an excess of amniotic fluid with an overdistension of uterus
pELVIC inflammatory disease (pid)
infection of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and adjacent pelvic structures
hydatidiform mole
an intrauterine polycystic mass in which the chorionic villi have undergone cytic degeneration causing rapid growth of the uterus with hemmorrhage.
Sexually Transmitted Disease (stds)
a group of diseases spread by sexual intercourse or genital contact diseases
placenta previa
a placenta that is abnormally implanted in the uterus so that it impinges on or overs the internal os of the uterine cervix. This may result in decreased O2 supply to the fetus and an increased risk of hemorrhage and infection to the mother
endometrial cancer
the most prevelant gynecological malignany, most often occuring in the fifth or sixth decade of life, the major sympoms is postmenoposual bleeding
toxic shock syndrome
disease casued by toxin producing strains of Staphylococcus aureus: leads to hypovalemia hypotension and shock.
fibrocystic breast disease
the presence of single or multiple cysts that give a nodular consistency to the bresat.
eclampsia
the gravest form of pregnancy induced hypertension characterized by grand mal seizures, coma, proteinuria, and edema.
premenstrual syndrome
nervous tension, irritablity, weight gain, edema, headache, mastalgia, and dysphoria during the last few days of the menstrual cycle before the onset of menses.
breechpostion
intrauterine position in which the fetal buttocks or feet present first
endometriosis
abnormal growth of endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity that may cauue dysmorrhea, infertility, and painful intercourse.
carcinoma of the breast
a malignant breast tumor. surgical treatments include lumpectomy, simple or total mastectomy, ad modified radical mastectomy
polymenorrhea
an abnormally frequent recurrence of menstrual cycle
hylain membrane disease
respiratory condition that primarily occurs in premature neonates: the lack of protien in the lining of the lung causes lung collapse , also known as RDS
Pregnancy test
detects the presence of human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) in a urine or blood sample
Oral Contraceptives
drugs that exert a hormonl influence to prevent pregnanc
hysterosalpinography
radiography of the uterus and oviducts after injection of contrast medium
cerclage
procedure in which a nonabsorbable suture is used for holding the cervix closed to prevent spontaneous abortion
pap Smear
microscopic analysis of cells taken from the cervix and vagina to detect the presence of carcinoma
Abortion
the termination of pregnancy before the fetus reaches the stage of viability: it cn be spontaneous or induced
amniocentesis
removal of amniotic fluid for laboratory analysis to detect genetic abnormailites, fetal maturity, and sex of the fetus
oxytocins
drugs the stimulate contraction of the uterus
dilation and curettage (d&C)
dialation of the uterine cervix canal and the scraping of the endometrium: used to detect pathological conditions of the uterus
Chronic villus sampling
placental tissues are obtained for prenatal diagnosis of potential genetic defects.
disease of the uterus
hysteropathy
radiography of the uterus and oviducts
hysterosalpinography
myoma of the uterus
hysteromyoma
realting to the uterus and cervix
uterocervical
herniation of the uterus
uterocele
pertaining to the uterus and the rectum
uterorectal
pain in an ovary
oophoralgia
inflammation of an ovary and oviduct
oophorosalpingitis
excision of the ovaries
oophorectomy
inflammation of the fallopian tubes
salpingitis
fixation of a fallopian tube
salpingopexy
incision of an fallopian tube
salpingotomy
inflammation of the vagina
vaginitis
abnormal condition due to a vaginal fungus
vaginomycosis
relating to the vagina and labia
vaginolabial
study of the female
gynecology
physician who specializes in diseases of the female
gynocologist
disease of females
gynecopathy
pyosalpinx
acculmulation of pus in the fallopian tube
abruptio placentae
premature detachment of normally situated placents after 20th week of gestation
ectopic preganancy
impantation of the fertilized ovum outside of the uterine cavity
pre-eclampsia
complication of pregnancy characterize by hypertension, proteinuria, and edema
down syndrome, trinsomy 21
Chromosomal abnormaility that results in mild to severe mental retardation and other abnormailites.
hyrocephalus
an abnormal accumulation of CSF in the ventricles of the brain
kernicterus
n abnoraml toxic accumulation of billirubin in the CNS tissue casued by high levels of billirubin in the bloodstream of a neonate: jaudice appears: the more serious effects include brain damage and mental retardation.
pyloric stenosis
congenital defect in which narrowing of the pyloric sphincter at the outlet of the stomch casues an obstruction that blocks the flow of food into the small intestines.
tendinitis
inflammation of the tendon
endolumbar
in the lower back or lumbar portion of the spinal cord
arthrodesis
surgical immobilization of a joint to relieve pain or profvide support
rhabdomyoma
tumor consisting of primarily straited muscular tissue
chrondromalacia
softening of the articular cartilage, usually the patella, which occurs in young adults after knee injury.
periosteal
pertaining to the periosteum
synovitis
inflammation of the synovial membrane
anklosis
condtion of a stiff joint
fasciectomy
excision of strips of fascia
usually performed when excessive growth of fibrous tissue occurs around the joints, causing immpbility
fibromyalgia
pain in fibrous and muscle tissue
gouty
arthrisis caused by excessive uric acid in the body
scoliosis
an abnormal sidward curvature of the spine
talipes
any of several deformaites of the foot
lordosis
an abnormal inward curvature of a portion of the spine

swayback
bunion
an abnormally enlargement of the joint at the base of the great toe
subluxation
partial dislocation
strain
trauma to th muscles and or tendon form excesice use
osteoporosis
a disorder caracterized by abnormal loss of bone density
sprain
traumatic injury to the tendons . muscles, or ligaments aroud a joint characterized by pain ,swelling, and discoloration.
osteoarthritis
a progressice degeneration joint disease caracteried by bone spurs and destruction of articular cartilage.
paget disease
a skeletal disease of unknown cause, usually affecting the middle aged and elderly that is characterized by excessive bone destruction and unorganized bone repair
polymyostis
chronic inflammation of number of muscles simultaneously usually accompanied by deformity, pain, edema, sweatin, tension, and insomnia
lyme disease
an acute reccurent inflammatory infection transmitted through the bite of an infected deer tick
MS
a group of genetic diseases char. by progressive weakness and atrophy of muscles without the involvment of the NS
ganglion
a cyst that devlops from the joint capsule or a tendon, usually in the wrist
Kyphosis
an exaggeration of angulation in the normal posterior curve of the thoracic spine: also known as hunchback
rhabdomyosarcoma
a highly malignant tumor dervied from primitive striated muscle cells
greenstick
a fracture in which the bone is partially bent and partially broke; occurs in children
compound
a fracture with an external wound in skin
comminuted
a fracuture in which the bone is broken or slpinted in to pieces
Lymphedema
an accumulation of lymph in soft tissue that casues a swelling
CMV Cytomegalovirus
a member of a group of large species-specific herpes type viruses with a wide variety of disease effects: causes serious illness in persons with HIV infection, in newborns, and in ppl being treated with immunosuppresive drugs and therpy, especially after organ transplantation
elephantiasis
a chronic condition marked by pronounced hypertrophy of skin and subcutaneous tissues resulting from obstruction of lymphatic vessels
hypersensitivity
conditon in which the immune system produces an exaggerated response to a forgien substance casuing sympthoms such as rash, runny nose, or swelling: commonly called allergy
Kaposi Sarcoma
a vascular malignancy that is often first apparent in the skin or mucous membranes but may involve the viscera: a common AIDs related cancerous tumor
Lymphangioma
a bening yellowish-tan tumor on the skin composed of lymphatic vessels.
Systemic lupus erythematosus
SLE
a chronic autoimmune disease involving multiple organ systems and marked by periods of exacerbation and remission
AIDs
a progressive impariment of the immune system caused by the human immunodefincency virus. The resulting immunodeficiency predisposes the patient to opportunicitc infections, usual cancer, and other characteristics abnormalities
PCP pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
an acute interstitial plasma cell pneumonia marked by slight if any fever, nonproductive cough, tachypnea, and dyspnea. It affects approximately 75 percent of those individuals affected by AIDs
AIDs-dementia complex
a neurologic effect of brain inflammation experienced by nearly one-third of all the AIDs patients; condition is charactized by memory loss.
Western Blot
a lab test used to detect the presence of HIV more precise then the ELISA
Vaccination
injection of attenuated microorganisms; administered to induce immunity or to reduce the effects associated with infectious disease
antiglobulin test
a test for the presence of anitbodies that coat and damage RBCs as a result of any of several disease or conditions aslo called Coomb test
immunosuppressants
agents that significantly suprress the bodys natural immune response to an antigen; administeres in treatment of transplant patients
AIDS coctail
a combination of drugs used to retard HIV replication and mutation
bone marrow aspiration biopsy
removal of living tissue from the bone marrow by suction throught a fina needle attached to a syringe; used for micorscopic evaluation
immunotherpy
the application of immunologic knowledge and techiniques to prevent and treat disease
chemotherpay
treatment of disease by means of chemical agents
antiviruals
drugs used to treat various viral condtions such as herpes virus infection, chickenpox, and infulenza A.
myelalgia
pain of the spinal cord or its tissues
cortical
pertaining to the cortex
meningitis
Inflammation of the meninges
encephaloma
tumor of the brain
medullary
pertaing to the medulla
spinal
pertaining to the spine
craniofacial
pertaining to the skull and face
ganglitis
inflammatin of the ganglion
neuralgia
pain of the nerve
intrathecal
pertaining to within the meninges
epidural
a hematoma, usually from an arterial bleed, that forms betweenm the skull and dura mater
parkinson disease
progressive neurological disorder affecting movement control that is characterized by a deficiency of the neruotransmitter dopamine that leads to slowness of movement, tremors, and shuffling gate
Huntington disease
inherited diesase with tics, speech , disturbances and mental deterioration that usually occurs between 30 and 50 years of age
shingles
eruption of inflammatory vesicles along the course of a peripheral nerve casued by heroes zoster virus
subdural
a hematoma usually from a venous bleed that forms between the dura mater and the brain
bellspalsy
condition characterized by paralysis or peresis of the facial muscles casued by dysfunction of a facial nerve of unknown etiology
migraine
a severe headache usually accompanied by nausea and vomiting
aura
subjective senseation preceding a seizure or migraine
TIA
brief episode of ishemia in the brain casuing neurological dysfunction: synonymous with "mini stroke"
hydrocephalus
increased accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid within the ventricles of the brain
menigitis
any infection or inflammation of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord
spinabifida
a congential malformation in which there is a defective closure of the spinal canal through which the spinal cord and the menigies may or maynot protrude
cerebral contusion
brusising of brain tissue that may accompanied by hemmorrhage
meningioma
a tumor of the meniges that is usually benign
aneurysm
localized ballooning of the wall of a blood vessel, usually an artery
MS
CHRONIC DISEASE OF THE cns WITH DESETRUCTION OF MYLEIN AND NERVE AXONS WITHIN SEVERAL REIGIONS OF THE BRAIN AND SPINAL CORD
giloma
astrocytomas and oligodendrogliomas are examples of this type of tumor arising from neuroglial tissue
tay-sachs
genetic disorder that arises from an enzyme def at birth, which causes an accumulation of lipid sub in CNS cells leading to their destruction
CVA
vascular injury to the brain with a sudden loss of neruological function, characterized by occlusion by an embolus, thrombus, or hemmorahage : a stroke
myasthenia gravis
neuromuscular, autoimmune disorder characterized by extreme weakness of the skeletal muscles
tremor
an involunatray quivering, shaking, or trembling, a characteristiic sympthom of parkinson disease
coma
abnormally deep uncounsciousness with the absence of voluntary response to stimuli
alzheimers
brain disorder of uknown etiolgoy marked by dementia with sympthoms of memory loss, imparied judgement, disorientation, loss of intellectual functioning and emotional fainitng
seizures
a sudden discharge of electrical activity in the brain that is clincally detactable, a convulsion
neurologist
specialist in the study of the nervous system
neuralgia
pain in the nerve
neruoblast
embryonic cell of a nerve
cerebropathy
disease of the cerebrum
pertaining to the cerebrum and spinal cord
cerbrospinal
encephalitis
infammation of the brain
encephaloccle
hernitation of the brain
encephaloma
tumor of the brain
myelorrhaphy
suture of the spinal cord
myelomalacia
softening of the spinal cord
hardening of the spinal cord
myelosclerosis
meningocete
herniation of the meninges
meningopathy
any disease of the meniges
meningitis
inflammation of the meninges
hemiplegia
paralysis of one half
quadriplegia
paralysis of four limbs
atrophy
without nourishment
hyperatrophy
excessive nourishment
dysphasia
difficult speech
aphasia
without speech
anxiety disorder
disorders characterized by feelings of fear or dread accopmianied by heart palpatations, sweating , and dizzeness
dementia
progressive deterioration of cognitive function as seen in alzhimers and parkinsons patients
substnace-related
disorders involving abuse of or dependence on alcholol and drugs
schizophrenia
psychotic illness with positive and negative sympthom
sex and gender identity
disorders related to sexual functioning and ones assigned sex
hallucinations
sensory perceptions that do not result from external stimulus and that occur in the waking state, as in hearing voices when none is present
eating disorders
disorders of body image and food intake
delusions
a false belief or incorrect judgement that cannot be changes by logical reasoining or evidence to the contrary
mood disorders
disorders characterized by extreme sadness and or euphoria
somatoform
any group of neurotic disorders characterized by sympthoms for which there are no demonstrable organic casues or physiological dysfunctions
impulse control disorders
disorders marked by an inability to refrain from engaging in harmful behaviors suh as stealing or fire setting
adjustment disorders
temporary disorders of varying severity that occurs as a reaction to some stressful life event sympthoms usually recede and eventually disappear as stress diminishes
disturbances in the amount quality timing or autonomic nervous system during sleep cycle
sleep disorders
factitious disorders
intentionally producing physical sympthoms to gain attention by assuming the sick role as seen in Munchausen syndrome
postoperative
happening or done after a surgical operation
scalene block
botox injections to relac muscles
athrogram
exam of the interior of a joint using xry after injetion of a radio-pque substance
debrided
removal of dead, contaiminated, adherent tissue or foriegn material
bursa
small fluid filled sac located at the point where muscles or tendons slice a bone
spur
calcar, spiked projecting body as fromm a bone
laminectomy
surgical procedure for treating spinal stenosis by relieveing pressure
Propulsid
digestive agent/ relieves heart burn
Prilosec
gastric acid supp/use for GERD
Norvasc
anitanginal/antihypertensive
XANAX
anxiolytic/anxiety. panic dosprders
Darvocet
narcotic nalgesis pain relief
total hip arthoplasty
surgery to replace hip with artificial device
decubitus position
a reclining position
orthopedic
pertaining to the correction of deformities of the musculoskeletal system
reamer
rotating tool used to shape enlarge a hool
acetabular
pertaining to the hip ball and socket joint
prosthesis
artifical extension repalcing missing body parts
supple
moving and bendind with agility limber
ausculation
listeing to internl sounds of the body
angulation
formation of angles
capillary refill
quick test performed on the nail bed
comminuted
fracture bone is broken or splintered
Colles fracture
specific wrist fracture, brake across end of the mian bone of the forarm
apex volar
top of the foot
splint
orthopedic device
fentanyl
marcotic analgeisa pain relief