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231 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Medical terminology is special vocab used by ___ for __ and ___
used by health care professionals
for effective and accurate communication
What 2 languages is Med Term based off of
Greek and Latin
T or F Med term in consistent and uniform throughout the world
T
What three categories make up a word part
prefix, root, suffix
is the fundamental unit of each medical word

Establishes the basic meaning of the word

Is the part to which modifying occurs
root
is the fundamental unit of each medical word
root
Establishes the basic meaning of the word
root
Is the part to which modifying occurs
root
the short part added to end of root to modify its meaning

indicated by a dash before the root
suffix
modifies a words meaning
suffix
A short word added before a root to modify its meaning
Prefix
Can sigs be changed, explain
yes as long as you dont change the meaning
Consider the words write, writer, re write

which is the prefix, suffix and root
prefix=re
root=write
suffix=er
T or F all roots are complete words
F
When a suffix beginning with a constant is added to a root, what is added and where to aid in pronounciation. WHat is this called?
When a suffix beginning with a constant is added to a root, a vowel is added (usually an o) , it is inserted btwn the root and suffix to aid in pronunciation. This is called combining forms
Nerology is an example of what
combining forms
What vowel is usually added in combining forms words?
O
Is logy is prefix, root or suffix? What does it mean
suffix,

the study of
Roots with a combining vowel are called

ie. ROOT + O
combining forms
When is a combining vowel usually NOT used?
not used if the ending begins with a vowel. Ie. neur+itis
What language does "muscle" come from. What does it mean in that language
comes from a latin word that means mouse
What is named after a cuckoo? what does the word mean
coccyx, the tail end of the spine
Name the Three parts of a spine in order from the head going down the body
cervical vertabrae,
thoracic
lumbar
what is below the lumbar
sacrum
what is located below the sacrum
coccyx
A short word added before a root to modify its meaning
Prefix
Can sigs be changed, explain
yes as long as you dont change the meaning
Consider the words write, writer, re write

which is the prefix, suffix and root
prefix=re
root=write
suffix=er
T or F all roots are complete words
F
When a suffix beginning with a constant is added to a root, what is added and where to aid in pronounciation. WHat is this called?
When a suffix beginning with a constant is added to a root, a vowel is added (usually an o) , it is inserted btwn the root and suffix to aid in pronunciation. This is called combining forms
Nerology is an example of what
combining forms
What vowel is usually added in combining forms words?
O
Is logy is prefix, root or suffix? What does it mean
suffix,

the study of
Roots with a combining vowel are called

ie. ROOT + O
combining forms
When is a combining vowel usually NOT used?
not used if the ending begins with a vowel. Ie. neur+itis
What language does "muscle" come from. What does it mean in that language
comes from a latin word that means mouse
What is named after a cuckoo? what does the word mean
coccyx, the tail end of the spine
Name the Three parts of a spine in order from the head going down the body
cervical vertabrae,
thoracic
lumbar
what is below the lumbar
sacrum
what is located below the sacrum
coccyx
What happens when a suffix is added to a word ending in x?

What happens if a consonant is before the x?

What happens if a vowel is before the x?
The x is changed to a g or c


The x is changed to a g

The x is changed to a c
What would pharynx become if the suffix -eal was added?

Why
pharyngeal

cuz there is a consonate before the x so the x becomes a g (instead of a c)
What would thorax become if the suffix --otomy was added to it?

Why
thoracotomy

cuz there is a vowel before the x so the x becomes a c (instead of a g)
What happens when you add a suffix beginning with rh to a root?
the r is doubled
If u combine the following root with the suffix what is the resulting word?

hemo + rhage
hemorrhage

(r is doubled cuz suffix starts with rh)
If u combine the following root with the suffix what is the resulting word?

meno+rhea
menorrhea

(r is doubled cuz suffix starts with rh)
When does a vowel get short pronounciation?
if the vowel has no pronounciation mark over it

ie a as in hat
When does a vowel get long pronounciation
if a short line is over the vowel

ie. SAY (vowel says its name
Does the follwoing have a vowel with short or long pronounciation?

some
short
Does the follwoing have a vowel with short or long pronounciation

tea
long
Does the follwoing have a vowel with short or long pronounciation?

lie
long
Does the follwoing have a vowel with short or long pronounciation

hose
long
Does the follwoing have a vowel with short or long pronounciation

run
short
Does the following have a soft or hard c

racer,

candy
racer=soft

candy=hard
Does the following have a soft or hard g:

grow

page
grow=hard

page=soft
What are the pros(1) and cons (2) to abbreviation
pro=save time

con =can cause confusion if not univeral

usage may vary from institution to instituion as well as meaning
An abbreviation fromed from the first letter of each word in a phrase is aka a_____
acronym
The adjective for phaynx is:
pharyngeal
The adjective for cervix is:
cervical
An acronym is formed from
the first letter of each word in a phrase
MRI stands for magnetic resonance imaging

what is this an example of

a) combining form
b) acronym
c)prefix
d) root
b) acronym
Which part of the word indicates if it is a noun or an adjective
suffix
Which part of a word can indicate how a word will begin
suffix
What does the following suffix mean?

-oid
like or pertaining to

ie. myeloid
Which suffix means like or pertaining to
-oid
What does the following suffix mean?

-oma
of
Which of the following would mean like or pertaining to bone marrow

a) myeloma
b)myeloid
b) myeloid

OID
Which of the following would mean a tumor of the bone marrow

a) myeloma
b)myeloid
a) myeloma

OMA
What does the following suffix mean?

-OUS
originating in
What does the following root mean?

-gen
-genesis, origin
What three things can suffix's form?
nouns, adjectives, plurals
What suffixes can convert ROOTS to NOUNs
-ia,
-ism
-sis
-y
What suffixes mean "condition of"
-ia, ie. dementia
-ism ie. egotism
-sis ie. thrombosis
-y ie atony
definitions starting with

-loss of,
-exgaggerate
-having
-lack of

all are examples of words that had what types suffix(s) added to create this defintion
-ia, ie. dementia
-ism ie. egotism
-sis ie. thrombosis
-y ie atony

suffix's mean "condition of"
What does

-osis
and
-iasis mean
abnormal condition
What does -logy mean?

What is the root of this word, where does it come from
the study of

root-log/o

from greek word logos
What do the following suffix(s) mean?

-iatrics

-iatry
physician or medical treatment
Suffixes that mean "pertaining to", "like" or "resmebling" are aka
Adjective suffixes
What does the following suffixes mean?
-ac
-al
-ary
-form
-ic
-ical
-ile
-oid
-ory
-ous
Pertaing to, like or resembling
What does the following suffixes mean?

-ac
Pertaing to, like or resembling
-al
Pertaing to, like or resembling
-ary
Pertaing to, like or resembling
-form
Pertaing to, like or resembling
-ic
Pertaing to, like or resembling
-ical
Pertaing to, like or resembling
-ile
pertaining to, like resembling
-oid
pertaining to, like resembling
-ory
pertaining to, like resembling
-ous
pertaining to, like resembling
-ia
condition of
-ism
condition of
-sis
condition of
-y
condition of
Which suffixes change when plural?
-a
-en
-ex
-ix
-yx
-is
-ma
-nx (anx, inx, ynx)
-on
-um
-us
-a
-en
-ex
-ix
-yx
-is
-ma
-nx (anx, inx, ynx)
-on
-um
-us
are all examples of suffixes that....
change when plural
Which do the following suffixes change to when plural

-a
-en
-ex
-ix
-yx
-is
-ma
-nx (anx, inx, ynx)
-on
-um
-us
-a to ae
-en to ina
-ex to ices
-ix to ices
-yx to ices
-is to es
-ma to mata
-nx (anx, inx, ynx) to nges
-on to a
-um to a
-us to i
Which suffixes change to a when plural
-on
-us
Which suffix changes to i
us
Which suffix changes to
es
is
Which suffix changes to ina
en
Which suffix changes to
ae
a
Which suffix changes to ices
ex, ix, yx
Which suffix changes to mata
ma
Which suffix changes to nges
nx
What are some exceptions to the plural suffix rules?
an -es may be added to words ending in -ex and -ix (instead of ices added) to form the plural
What is a rule commonly broken with plurals
adding -s to suffixes ending in ma, um, nx

-ma instead of mata
ie. stimas instead of stigmata

-um instead of a
ie. referandums instead of referanda

-nx
What is another name for fingers
phalanges
Describe the bones of a finger going from finget tip toward hand (3)
distal phalanx, medial, proximal
Which suffix means resembling
form
What does the following prefix mean

-uni
one
What does the following prefix mean

-contra
against or opposite
What does the following prefix mean

equi
equal
What does the following prefix mean

prim
first
What does the following prefix mean

mono
one
Which prefixes (2) mean one
-uni, -mono
What does the following prefix mean

-hemi
half;one side
What does the following prefix mean

-semi
half; partial
Which prefixes mean half
-hemi
-semi
Which prefix means side
-hemi
Which prefix means partial
-semi
Which prefix means first
prim/i
What does the following prefix mean

di
two
What does the following prefix mean

bi
two
Which prefixes mean two
di, bi
What does the following prefix mean

dipl/o
double
What does the following prefix mean

-tri
three
What does the following prefix mean

-quadr/i
four
Which prefix means double
dipl/o
What does the following prefix mean

-tetra
four
Which prefixes mean four
-tetra
-quadr/i
What does the following prefix mean
-multi
many
What does the following prefix mean

-poly
manch, much
Which prefix means much
-poly
Which prefixes mean many
multi, poly
What does the following prefix mean

-cyan/o
blue
What does the following prefix mean

erthro/o
red
What does the following prefix mean

leuk/o
white;colorless
What does the following prefix mean

melan/o
black; dark
What does the following prefix mean

xanth/o
yellow
Which prefix means:

blue
cyan/o
Which prefix means:

black, dark
melan/p
Which prefix means:

yellow
xanth/o
Which prefix means:

red
erythr/o
Which prefix means:

white/colorless
leuk/o
Negative prefixes:

Which prefixes mean NOT
-a
-an
-un
-non
-in
-im
Which prefixes mean against
anti, contra
Which prefix means opposite
-contra
Which prefix means down
de
Which prefixes means without, loss/lack of
-de, a, an
Which prefixes means removal
-de, -dis
What does the prefix de mean
down, without, loss, removal
Which prefixes means absence
-dis, a, an
Which prefix means seperation
-dis
What does the prefix dis mean
absence, seperation, removal
What does the prefix a, an mean
not, without lack of absence
What does the prefix anti mean
against
What does the prefix contra mean
against, opposite
What does the prefix in, im mean, when is im used
not
im is(used before b, m, p) ir. incontinent
What does the prefix non mean
not
what does the prefix un mean
not
What does the prefix

-ab mean
away from
What does the prefix

-ad

mean
toward, near
What does the prefix

-dia

mean
through
What does the prefix

-per

mean
through
What does the prefix

-trans

mean
through
What prefixes mean through
-dia, per, trans
What prefix means away from
abduct
which prefix means toward, near
aduct
What does the prefix

-hyper

mean
over, excess, abnormally high, increased
What does the prefix

-hypo

mean
under, below, abnormally low, decreased
What does the prefix

-olig/o

mean
few, scanty
Which prefix means

over, excess, abnormally high, increased
hyper
Which prefix means

under, below, abnormally low, decreased
hypo
Which prefix means few/scanty
olig/o
What does the prefix

- pan

mean
all
Which prefix means few, scanty
olig/o
What does the prefix

-pan

mean
all
What does the prefix

-super
mean
above, excess
What prefix means all
pan
Which prefix means above, excess
super
Prefixes mean over, under, few, all, above, excess are known as
prefixes for degree
What does the prefix

-equi

mean
equal, same
What does the prefix

-eu

mean
true, good, easy, normal
Which prefix means

true, good, easy, normal
-eu
What does the prefix

- hetero

mean
other, different, unequal
Which prefixes means

equal, same
-equi, iso
What does the prefix

- homo
- homeo

mean
same, unchanging
Which prefix means

other, different, unequal
-hetero
What does the follwoing prefix mean

iso
eual, same
What does the follwoing prefix mean

-macro
large, abnormally large
What does the follwoing prefix mean
-mega

-megalo
large, abnormally large
Which prefixes mean

large, abnormally large
-macro, megalo, mega
What does the follwoing prefix mean

micro
small
What does the follwoing prefix mean

neo
new
What does the follwoing prefix mean

normo
normal
What does the follwoing prefix mean

ortho
striaght, correct, upright
What does the follwoing prefix mean

poikilo
varried; irregular
What does the follwoing prefix mean

pseudo
false
What does the follwoing prefix mean

re
again, back
Which prefix means the following

again, back
re
Which prefix means the following

false
pseudo
Which prefix means the following

varried; irregular
poikilo
Which prefix means the following

straight, correct, upright
ortho
Which prefix means the following

normal
normo
Which prefix means the following

new
new
Which prefix means the following
small
micro
Which prefixes means the following

before
ante, pre, pro
Which prefixes means the following

in front of
-pre, -pro
Which prefix means the following

after, behind
-post
Which do the following prefixes mean

-ante
before
Which do the following prefixes mean

pro
before, in front of
Which do the following prefixes mean

pre
before, in front of
Which do the following prefixes mean

post
after, behind
Which do the following prefixes mean

dextr/o
right
Which do the following prefixes mean

sinistr/o
left
Which do the following prefixes mean

ec/ecto
out, outside
Which do the following prefixes mean

ex/o
away from, outside
Which prefixes mean away from (2)
abduct, ex/p
Which prefixes mean outside
ex/o, ec, ecto
Which do the following prefixes mean

end/o
in, within
Which do the following prefixes mean

mes/o
middle
Which do the following prefixes mean

syn, -sym

When is -sym used
-together

-sym used before b, p ,m
Which do the following prefixes mean

tel/e, tel/o
end
Which prefixes mean the following

in, within
end/o
Which prefixes mean the following middle
mes/o
Which prefixes mean the following together
syn, -sym
Which prefixes mean the following
end
tel/e, tel/o
what does oid mean
like, resembling
are the suffixes -ism, -ia, -ist found in nouns, adjectives or verbs?
nouns "the condition of"
are the suffixes -ic, -ous, -ile found in nouns, adjectives or verbs?
adjectives

"pertaining to, like"
singular

of

phenomena
singular=not plural so what suffixes go to an a when plural?


um and on

answer = phenomenon