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152 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Adenoids
Collection of lymph tissue in the nasopharynx, also called the pharyngeal tonsils.
Alveolus
Air sac in the lung
(pl: alveoli)`
Apex of the lung
Uppermost portion of the lung. The apex is the top, end or tip ofa structure.
Base of the lung
Lower portion of the lung.
Bronchioles
Smallest branches of the bronchi.
Bronchus
Branch of the trachea(windpipe) that is a passageway into the air spaces of the lung; bronchial tube
(pl:bronchi)
Carbon Dioxide
CO2 - A gas produced by body cells when oxygen and food combine; exhaled through the lung.
Cilia
Thin hairs attached to the mucous membrane epithelium lining the respiratory tract. They clear bacteria and foreign substances from the lung.
Diaphragm
Muscle seperating the chest and the abdomen. It is the most important muscle for breathing.
Epiglottis
Lid like piece of cartilage that covers the larynx, preventing food from entering the larynx and trachea during swallowing.
Expiration
Breathing out (exhalation)
Glottis
Opening to the larynx
Hilum (of lung)
Midline region where thw bronchi, blood vessels, and nerves enter and exit the lungs
Inspiration
Breathing in (inhalation)
Larynx
Voice box
Lobe
Division of the lung
Mediastinum
Region between the lungs in the chest cavity. NIt contains the trachea, heart, aorta, esophagus and bronchial tubes.
Oxygen
O2 - Gas that passes into the bloodstream at the lungs and travels to all body cells.
Palatine tonsil
One of a pair of almond shaped masses of lymphoid tissue in the oropharynx.
(palentine means pertaing to the roof of the mouth)
Paranasal sinus
One of the air cavities in the bones near the nose.
Parietal pleura
The outer fold of pleura lying closest to the ribs and wall of the thorasic cavity.
Pharynx
Throat; composed of the nasopharynx, oropharynx and laryngopharynx.
Pleura
Double-folded membrane surrounding each lung.
Pleural cavity
Space between the folds of the pleura.
Pulmonary parenchyma
The essential cells of the lung, those performing its main function; the air sacs (alveoli) and small bronchioles.
Trachea
Windpipe
Visceral pleura
The inner fold of the pleura lying closest to the lung tissue.
Pathway of air
Nose, Nasal cavities and paranasal sinuses, Pharynx, Larynx, Trachea, Bronchi, Bronchioles, Alveoli, Lung capillaries (bloodstream)
Asculation
Listening to sounds withing the body.
Percussion
Tapping on a surface to determine the differences in the density of the underlying structure.
Rales (crackles)
Abnormal crackeling sounds heard during inspiration where there is fluid, blood or pus in the alveoli.
Sputum
Material expelled from the chest by coughing or clearing the throat.
Stridor
Strained, high-pitched, noisy sound made in inspiration; associated with obstruction of the larynx or trachea.
Wheezes
Continuous high-pitched whisteling sounds heard when air is forced through a narrow space during inspiration or expiratrion.
Epistaxis
Nosebleed
Asthma
Chronic inflammatory disorder characterized by airway obstruction caused by edema, bronchioconstriction and increased mucus production.
Bronchiogenic carcinoma
(Lung cancer) Cancerous tumors arising from a bronchus
Chronic bronchitis
Inflammation of the bronchi persisting over a long period of time. (COPD - chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)
Atelectasis
Incomplete expansion of the alveoli; collapsed, functionless, airless lung or portion of a lung. Caused by tumor or other obstruction of teh bronchus, or poor respiratory effort.
Emphysema
Hperinflation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar walls.
Pneumonia
Acute infalmmation and infection of alveoli, which fill with pus or products if the inflammatory reaction.
Pulmonary abscess
A large collection of pus (bacterial infection) in the lungs.
Pulmonary edema
Swelling and fluid in the air sacs and bronchioles.
Pulmonary embolism
(PE)
Clot (thrombus) or other material lodges in vessels of the lung.
Tuberculosis
(TB)
Infectious disease. Lungs are usually involved, but any organ in the body can be affected.
Pleurisy
Inflammation of the pleura.
(Pleuritis)
Pneumothorax
Collection of air in the pleural space.
Anthracosis
Coal dust accumulation in the lungs.
Asbestosis
Asbestos particles accumulate in the lungs
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
(COPD) Chronic condition of persistant obstruction of air flow through bronchial tubes and lungs.
Cor pulmonale
Failure of the right side of the heart to pump a sufficient ammount of blood to the lungs b/c of underlying lung disease.
Exudate
Fluid, cells, or other substances (pus) thast slowly leave cells or capillaries through pores or small breaks in cell membrane.
Hydrothorax
Collection of fluid in the plural cavity.
Palliative
Relieving symptoms, but not curing the disease.
Paroxysmal
Pertaing to a sudden occurance, such as a spasm or seizure.
Pulmonay infarction
An area of necrotic tissue in the lung.
Purulent
Pertaing to pus.
Rhonchi
Coarse. loud railes caused by secretions in bronchial tubes.
Sillicosis
Silica or glass dust in the lungs.
Chest x-ray
Radiographic image of the thoracic cavity.
Bronchioscopy
Fiber-optic or rigid endoscope inserted into the bhronchial tubes for diagnosis, biopsy or collection of specimens.
Endotrachial intubation
Placement of a tube through the mouth into the pharynx, larynx and trachea to establish an airway.
Laryngoscopy
Visual examination of the voice box (larynx)
Mediastinoscopy
Endoscopic visual examination of the mediastinum.
Pulmonary function tests
(PFTs) Tests that measure the ventialtion mechanics of the lung (airway function, lung volume & capacity of the lungs to exchange o2 and co2 efficiently)
Thoracentesis
Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the pleural space.
Thoracotomy
Major surgical incision into the chest.
Thorascopy
Visual examination of the chest via small incisions and use of an endoscopy.
Tracheostomy
Creation of an opening into the trachea through the neck.
ABGs
arterial blood gases
AFB
acid fast bacillus (organism causing tuberculosos)
ARDS
adult(or acute) respiratory distress syndrome (a group of symptoms - tachypenia, dyspnea, tachycardia, hypoxemia, cyanosis - resulting in acute respiratory failure)
Bronch
Bronchoscopy
COPD
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CPAP
Continuous positive airway pressure
CPR
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
(Airway opened Breathing restored Circulation restored)
CXR
chest x-ray
DOE
Dyspnea on exertion
LLL
Left lower lobe (of lung)
LUL
Left upper lobe (of lung)
PE
Pulmonary embolism
PFTs
Pulmonary function tests
RDS
respiratory distress syndrome
(condition of the newborn marked by dyspnea and cyanosis & related to absence of surfactant, a substance thst permits normal expansion of lungs); also called hyaline membrane disease.
RLL
right lower lobe (of lung)
RUL
right upper lobe (of lung)
SOB
shortness of breath
TB
tuberculosis
URI
upper respiratory infection
adenoid/o
adenoids
alveol/o
alveolus, small air sac. small sac
bronch/o
bronchi/o
bronchial tube
bronchiol/o
bronchiole
capn/o
carbon dioxide
coni/o
dust
cyan/o
blue
epiglott/o
epiglottis
hydr/o
water
laryng/o
larynx (voice box)
lob/o
lobe
mediastin/o
mediastinum
nas/o
nose
or/o
mouth
orth/o
straight
ox/o
oxygen
pector/o
chest
pharyng/o
pharynx (throat)
phon/o
voice, sound
phren/o
diphragm
pleur/o
pleura
pneum/o
pneumon/o
lung, air sac, gas
pulmon/o
lung
py/o
pus
rhin/o
nose
sinus/o
sinus
spir/o
to breath
tel/o
complete
thorac/o
chest
tonsill/o
tonsil
trache/o
trachea (windpipe)
-algia
pain
-capnia
carbon dioxide
-centesis
surgical puncture to remove fluid
-dynia
pain
-ectasis
stretching, dilation, expansion
-ectomy
removal, excision, resection
-ema
condition
-lysis
breakdown, seperate, destruction
-osmia
smell
-phonia
voice, sound
-plasty
surgical repair
-pnea
breathing
-ptysis
spitting
-rrhea
flow, discharge
-scopy
visual examination
-sphyxia
pulse
-stenosis
tightening, stricture
-stomy
new opening (to form a mouth)
-thorax
chest, pleural cavity
-tomy
process of cutting
-trophy
nourishment, development
a-, an-
no, not, without
brady-
slow
dys-
bad, painful, abnormal
em-
in
eu-
good, normal
ex-
out, away from
hyper-
above, excessive
hypo-
deficient, under, low, less than normal
para-
near, beside, abnormal, along side of
per-
through
re-
back, again, backward
tachy-
fast