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125 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
OTC
over the counter
sickle cell
type of anemia that is hereditary, chronic,hemolytic anemia due to a defect in the hemoglobin molecule
enter/o
intestine
hemostatic
agents used to control bleeding
hemolysis
destruction of red blood cells
hemat/o
blood
epistaxis
nosebleed
enzyme
protein substance capable fo causing chemical changes in other substances without being changed itself
liver
largest internal, glandular organ in the body
eu
good, normal
pneumoconiosis
lung condition caused by the inhalation of dust
UA
urinalysis
dyspnea
difficult breathing
cholecystectomy
surgical excision of the gallbladder
ascites
accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity
lysis
destruction
Crohn's disease
regional enteritis
hemophilia
a hereditary blood disease characterized by prolonged clotting and tendency to bleed
splenopexy
surgical fixation of a movable spleen
anthrac
coal
thrombectomy
surgical excision of a blood clot
po
by mouth
stomy
new opening
OA
osteoarthritis
pc
after meals
staxis
dripping, trickling
nephroptosis
prolapse of the kidney
nephrons
structural and functional units of the kidney
micturition, urination, void
process of emptying the bladder
cystocele
hernia of the bladder that protrudes into the vagina
urethr/o
urethra
anterior
urinary bladder is the muscular, membranous sac that serves as a reservoir for urine, it is located in the ___portion of the pelvic cavity
hyster/o, metr/i, uter/o
word elements that mean uterus
climacteric
menopuase is the permanent cessation of menstrual activity, also called
anteflexion
process of bending forward of the uterus at its body and neck
laparoscope
instrument used to examine the ovaries and fallopian tube
AK
above knee
dysplasia
fibrocystic disease of the breat is a condition in which there are palpable lumps in the breast, mammary ____
uteroplasty
surgical repair of the uterus
vas
vessel
syphilis
venereal disease caused by a bacterium, Treponema pallidum
I&O
intake and output
varicocele
enlargement and twisting of the veins of the spermatic cord
cele
hernia, tumor, and swellin
qid
four times a day
testosterone
male sex hormone that is responsible for the development of secondary male characteristics during puberty
R/O
rule out
phraxis
to obstruct
cis
to cut
stat
immediately
hearing
auditory and acoustic
hearing
audiometer is an instrument used to measure this sense
CA
cancer
iris
colored membrane attached to the ciliary body
blephar/o
eyelid
dc
discontinue
cataract
opacity of the crystalline lens
LUQ
left upper quandrant
cones
photoreceptive cells of the retina are the rods and ___
h
hour
sclera
white of the eye
aden/o
gland
insulin
hormone is essential for maintenance of a normal level of blood sugar
polydispia
excessive thirst
hyperinsulinism
excessive amount of insulin in the blood
Addison's
due to hyposecretion of cortisol
Cushing's disease
hypersecretion of cortisol
vasopressin
antidiuretic hormone
betes
to go
ex
out, away from
calcitonin
substance helps maitain plasma calcium homeostasis
arteries
arteriosclerosis is a condition of hardening
harvest
to gather an organ and make it ready for transplantation
endocardium
inner lining of the heart
ABGs
arterial blood gases
anti-inflammatory agents
relieves the swelling, tenderness, redness, and pain of inflammation
lysis
destruction
fascia
thin layer of connective tissue covering, supporting, or connecting the muscles or inner organs of the body
AP
anterior-posterior
osteocarcinoma
cancerous tumor of a bone
epiphyses
ends of a developing bone
dystrophy
difficult nourishment/development
myomalacia
muscle softening
periosteum
membrane that forms the covering of bones
myel/o
spinal cord
Sx
signs and symptoms
syncope
fainting
po
by mouth
cranioplasty
surgical repair of the cranium
neuroma
tumor composed of nerve cells
pronation
process of lying face downward
qd
every day
frontal lobe
brain's major motor area
strain
forcible stretching of a muscle
VS
vital signs
calcaneal
heel bone
arthroscope
instrument used to examine the interior of the knee
cephalagia
headache
dementia
Alzheimer's
sprain
twisting of a joint
quadrants
four regions of the abdomen
Tx
traction, treatment, transplant
CXR
chest x-ray
Hx
history
fx
facture
seborrhea
excessive flow of oil from the sebaceous glands
lingu (sublingual)
tongue
ventral
cavity of the human torso that extends from the neck to the pelvis
algia and dynia
pain
impetigo
inflammatory skin disease marked by isolated pustules that become crusted and ruptured
inferior
below, in a downward direction
opsy
to view
wheal
localized, evanscent elevation of the skin that is often accompanied by itching
para
beside
PMH
past medical history
cicatrix
scar left after the healing of a wound
sagittal
plane vertically divides the body as it passes through the midline to form right and left sides
poiesis
formation
water
most important constituent of the human body
bi
tow, double
cephalalgia (cephal)
head
brachy
short
ALS
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
trich/o
hair
integumentary
organ system of the body acts as a protective membrane, temperature regulator, and sensory receptor