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152 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
cellulo?
cell
ciso?
to cut
comato?
deep sleep
digesto?
digestion
ducto?
to draw
latero?
side, lateral
nato?
birth
septo?
infection
sono?
sound
-aise?
ease
-ar?
pertaining to
-cuspid?
projection, cusps
-drome?
to run
-form?
shape, form
-genous?
produced by
-gnosis?
knowledge
-mortem?
death
-plasm?
development, formation
-plegia?
paralysis
-version?
turning, tilting
ab-?
away from
abduction?
process of drawing away from
ad-?
toward
adduction?
process of drawing toward
ante?
before
antenatal?
pertaining to before birth, referring to the fetus, prenatal
circum?
around
circumduction?
process of drawing a part in a circular motion
dia?
through, complete
diameter?
measurement from edge to edge of a circle
diagnosis?
one disease is differentiated from another disease after complete knowledge of the disease is obtained through a study of signs and symptoms and through diagnostic procedures
None
ecto-?
outside
ectogenous?
produced from the outside, infection that originates from the outside
endo?
within
endoscope?
instrument used to visually examine a body cavity or organ
epi?
upon, on, above
epigastric?
pertaining to upon the stomach
e-?, ex-?, exo?, extra?
out, outward, outside
eversion?
process of turning out, as in turning the sole of the foot outward..see pg 57
excision?
process of cutting out
extraocular?
pertaining to outside the eye
hyper?
excessive, above
hyperplasia?
excessive formation, increase in the number of normal cells
hypo?
below, under, deficient
hypogastric?
pertaining to below the stomach
in-?
in, into
incision?
process of cutting into
McBurney?
incision over the appendix
Pfannenstiel?
a curved lower abdominal incision
subcostal?
an incision below the ribs
suprapubic?
incision above the pubic area
transverse incision?
a horizontal incision
midline or epigastric incision?
vertical incision at the midline
paramedian?
vertical incision near the midline
umbilical cord incision?
through the umbilicus for scopic surgery
inversion?
process of turning in, as in turning the sole of the foot inward
infra?
below, beneath
infracostal?
pertaining to below the ribs
inter?
between
intercellular?
pertaining to between the cells
intra?
within
intracranial?
pertaining to within the skull
meta-?
beyond
metaplasia?
change in formation
metastasis?
the uncontrolled spread of cancerous cells from one organ to another
para-?
beside or near
paranasal?
pertaining to near the nose
per-?
through
percutaneous?
pertaining to through the skin
peri-?
around
perineuritis?
inflammation around a nerve
post-?
after
postmortem?
after death
pre-?
before, in front of
prenatal?
pertaining to before birth, referring to the fetus
pro-?
before
prodrome?
symptom or symptoms occurring before the onset of a disease
prognosis?
predicition or forecast of the outcome of the disease
retro?
back, behind
retroversion?
backward turning or tipping of an organ
sub?
under, below
subcutaneous?
pertaining to under the skin
sublingual?
pertaining to under the tongue
supra-?
above
suprarenal?
pertaining to above the kidney
trans-?
across
transection?
process of cutting across
ultra-?
beyond
ultrasonography?
process of recording an image of internal structures by using high frequency sound waves (AKA ultrasound)
anti?
against
antibiotic?
drug used to kill harmful bacteria
a-?, an-?
no, not, lack of
aseptic?
free from infectious material
anemia?
lack of red blood cells, lack of hemoglobin
when is the prefix "a-" used?
before roots or suffixes that start with a consonant
when is the prefix "an-" used?
before roots or suffixes that start with a vowel
contra-?
against, opposite
contralateral?
pertaining to the opposite side
in-?
not
indigestible?
not capable of being digested
bi-?, di-?
two
bilateral?
pertaining to two sides
dissection?
to cut into two pieces
hemi-?, semi-?
half
hemigastrectomy?
excision of half the stomach
semicomatose?
state of unconciousness from which the patient may be aroused
mono-?, uni-?
one
monocyte?
blood cell with a single nucleus
unilateral?
pertaining to one side
multi-?, poly-?
many
multiform?
having many shapes
polyadenoma?
tumor of many glands
quadri-?
four
quadrilateral?
pertaining to four sides
tri-?
three
tricuspid?
three cusps or projections
ana-?
apart, up
anatomy?
the study of the structure of the body
auto-?
self
autopsy?
internal and external examination of the body after death to determine the cause of death, AKA necropsy or postmortem examination
brady-?
slow
bradycardia?
pertaining to a slow heartbeat
dys-?
bad, abnormal, difficult, painful
dysplasia?
abnormal development
macro-?
large
macrocephalia?
excessively large head
mal-?
bad
malaise?
a feeling of uneasiness or discomfort, a sign of illness
micro-?
small
microscope?
instrument used to visually examine very small objects
neo-?
new
neoplasm?
new formation of tissue such as an abnormal growth or tumor
pan-?
all
panhysterectomy?
excision of all the uterus
syn-?, sym-?
together, with, joined
synarthrotic?
a type of joint in which the bones are joined
symmetry?
like parts on opposite sides of the body are similar in form, size, and position
tachy?
fast, rapid
tachycardia?
pertaining to fast heartbeat of over 100 beats per minute
tetra-?
four
tetraplegia?
paralysis of all four limbs, AKA quadriplegia
All prefixes for above?
epi-, hyper-, supra-
All prefixes for against?
anti-, contra-
All prefixes for around?
circum-, peri-
All prefixes for bad?
dys-, mal-
All prefixes for before?
ante-, pre-, pro-,
All prefixes for below?
hypo-, infra-, sub-,
All prefixes for half?
hemi-, semi-
All prefixes for many?
multi-, poly-
All prefixes for one?
mono-, uni-
All prefixes for outside?
e-, ex-, extra-, ecto-, exo
All prefixes for within?
endo-, intra-