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85 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is anatomy?
the study of structure
What is physiology?
the study of function
What are the levels of organization starting from the most simple?
chemical to cellular to tissue to organ to organ system to organism
What are the 12 organ systems of the body?
integumentary, skeletal, muscle, nervous, digestive, endocrine, eyes and ears, cardiovascular, lymphatic, and immune, respiratory, urinary and reproductive
WHat is the root of fat?
adipo, lipo, steato
axillo?
armpit
bio?
life
WHat is the root of head?
cephalo
What is the root of neck?
cervico
What is the root of cell?
cyto
histo or histio are the root of?
tissue
disease?
patho
Viscero is the root for?
internal organs
cilio or pilo?
hair
What is the root for skin?
dermo, dermato, cutaneo
onchyo and ungo are the root for?
nail
arthro?
joint
cartilage?
chondro
cranio?
skull
rib?
costo
myelo?
bone marrow or spinal cord
osteo?
bone
pelvo or pelvii?
pelvis
spino?
spine, vertebral column
vertebra?
vertebro or spondylo
muscle?
myo or musculo
tendo or tendino?
tendon
eyelid?
blepharo
brain?
cerebro or encephalo
neuro?
nerve
opthalmo or oculo?
eye
oto?
ear
adeno?
gland
adreno?
adrenal gland
parathyroido?
parathyroid gland
pituitaro?
pituitary gland
thyroido?
thyroid gland
vessel?
angio, vasculo, vaso
arterio?
artery
cardio?
heart
hemo, hemato?
blood
veno, phlebo?
vein
adenoido?
adenoids
lympho?
lymph fluid
lymphadeno?
lymph glands or lymph nodes
lymphangio?
lymph vessels
spleno?
spleen
tonsillo?
tonsils
alveolo?
air sac, alveolus
broncho or bronchio?
bronchus
bronchiolo?
small bronchial tubes
laryngo?
larynx
naso? rhino?
nose
pharyngo?
pharynx
phreno?
diaphragm
lungs?
pneumo, pneumono, or pulmono
thoraco?
chest
tracheo?
trachea
abdomino?
abdomen
cheilo?
lips
colo?
colon/ large intestine
entero?
small intestine
esophago?
esophagus
gastro?
stomach
glosso? linguo?
tongue
hepato?
liver
oro? stomato?
mouth
pharyngo?
throat, pharynx
recto?
rectum
cysto?
bladder
reno? nephro?
kidney
uretero?
ureters
urethro?
urethra
epididymo?
epididymis
orchido? testo? testiculo?
testicle/ testis
phallo?
penis
prostato?
prostate glands
vaso?
ductus vas deferens
colpo? vagino?
vagina
gyneco?
female
masto? mammo?
breast
oophoro? ovario?
ovary
salpingo?
fallopian (uterine) tubes
utero? hystero? metro?
uterus
vulvo?
vulva, external genitalia