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150 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
angi/o
vessel
aort/o
arota
arteri/o
artery
ather/o
fatty substance
atri/o
atrium
cardi/o
heart
coron/o
heart
cyan/o
blue
ox/i
oxygen
ox/o
oxygen
pericardi/o
pericardium
phleb/o
vein
sphygm/o
pulse
thromb/o
clot
valv/o
valve
valvul/o
valve
ven/o
vein
ventricul/o
ventricle
brady-
slow
tachy-
fast
-manometer
instrument to measure pressure
ex. sphygmomanometer
-ole
small
ex. arteriole
-sclerosis
hardening
ex. arteriosclerosis
-stenosis
narrowing
ex. angiostenosis
-tension
pressure
ex. hypotension
-ule
small
ex. venule
angiography
making a record of a vessel
angiorrhaphy
suturing a vessel
angiospasm
involuntary muscle contraction of a vessel
angiostenosis
narrowing of a vessel
aortogram
record of the aorta
aortic
pertaining to the aorta
arterial
pertaining to the artery
arteriole
small artery
arteriorrhexis
ruptured artery
atherectomy
excision of fatty substance
atrial
pertaining to the atrium
interatrial
pertaining to between the atria
cardiac
pertaining to the heart
bradycardia
state of slow heart
cardiodynia
heart pain
electrocardiogram
record of heart electricity
cardiomegaly
enlarged heart
myocardial
pertaining to heart muscle
cardiologist
specialist in the cardiovascular system
cardiorrhaphy
suture the heart
tachycardia
state of fast heart
coronary
pertaining to the heart
phlebitis
inflammation of a vein
phlebotomy
incision in a vein
phleborrhaphy
suture a vein
valvulitis
inflammation of a vlave
valvular
pertaining to a valve
venous
pertaining to a vein
venule
small vein
venotomy
incision into a vein
ventrivular
pertaining to a ventricle
interventricular
pertaining to between the ventricles
auscultation
process of listening to the sounds with the body using a stethoscope
bruit
term used interchangeably with the word murmur, a gentle, blowing sound that is heard during auscultation
cardiology
the branch of medicine relating to the cardiovascular system
cyanosis
slightly bluish color of the skin due to a deficiency of oxygen and an excess of carbon dioxide in the blood, it is caused by a variety of disorders, ranging from chronic lung disease to congenital and chronic heart problems
infarct
area of tissue within an organ or part that undergoes necrosis (death) following the loss of its blood supply
ischemia
localized and temporary deficiency of blood supply due to an obstruction to the circulation
lumen
the space, cavity, or channel within a tube or tubular organ or structure in the body
murmur
an abnormal heart sound such as a soft blowing sound or harsh click, it may be soft and heard only with a stethoscope, or so loud it can be heard several feet away, bruit
palpitations
pounding, racing heartbeat
pulse
expansion and contraction of a blood vessel wall produced by blood as it moves through an artery
sphygmomanometer
instrument for measuring blood pressure
stent
a stainless steel tube placed within a blood vessel or a duct to widen the lumen
stethoscope
instrument for listening to body sounds (auscultation), such as the chest, heart, or intestines
aneurysm
weakness in the wall of an artery that results in localized widening of the artery
angina pectoris
condition in which there is severe pain with a sensation of constriction around the heart, caused by a deficiency of oxygen to the heart muscle
angiocarditis
inflammation of blood vessels and the heart
angioma
tumor, usually benign, consisting of a network of blood vessels
aortic stenosis
narrowing of the aorta
arrhythmia
irregularity in the heartbeat or action
arteriosclerosis
thickening, hardening, and loss of elasticity of the walls of the arteries
arteriosclerotic heart disease
chronic heart disease caused by hardening of the walls of the coronary arteries, may lead to coronary artery diesease, angina pectoris, and myocardial infarction
atherosclerosis
the most common form of arteriosclerosis, caused by the formation of yellowish plaques of cholesterol on the inner walls of arteries
cardiac arrest
complete stopping of heart activity
cardiomyopathy
general term for disease of the myocardium, caused by alcohol abuse, parasites, viral infection, and congestive heart failure, one of the most common reasons a patient may require a heart transplant
coarctation of the aorta
severe congenital narrowing of the aorta
congenital septal defect
a hole, present at birth, in the septum between two heart chambers, results in a mixture of oxygenated and deoxygenated blood
congestive heart failure
pathological condition of the heart in which there is a reduced outflow of blood from the left side of the heart because the left ventricle myocardium has become too weak to efficiently pump blood, results in weakness, breathlessness, and edema
embolus
the obstruction of a blood vessel by a blood clot that has broken off from thrombus somewhere else in the body and traveled to the point of obstruction
endocarditis
inflammation of the lining membranes of the heart, due to bacteria or to an abnormal immunological response
fibrillation
an extremely serious arrhythmia charachterized by an abnormal quivering or contractions of heart fibers, when this occurs in the betricles, cardia arrest and death can occur, emergency epuipment to defibrillate, or convert the heart to a normal beat
flutter
an arrhythmia in which the atria beat too rapidly, but in a regular pattern
heart block
occurs when the electrical impulse is blocked from traveling down the bundle of His or bundle branches,results in the ventricles beating at a different rate than the atria
heart balbe prolapse
the cusps or flaps of the heart valve are too loose and fail to shut tightly, allowing blood to flow backward through the valve when the heart chamber contracts, most commonly occurs in the mitral valve, but may affect any of the heart valves
heart valve stenosis
the cusps or flaps of the heart are too stiff, they are unable to open fully, making it difficult for blood to flow through, or shut tightly, allowing blood to flow backward
hemangioma
a benign mass of blood vessels, often causing a visible dard red lesion present from birth, birthmark
hemorrhoid
caricose veins in the anal region
hypertension
blood pressure above the normal range
hypertensive heart disease
heart disease as a result of persistently high blood pressure, which damages the blood vessels and ultimately the heart
hypotension
decrease in blood pressure, can occur in shock, infection, cancer, anemia, or as death approaches
myocardial infarction
condition caused by the partial or complete occlusion or closing of one or more of the coronary arteries, symptoms include a squeezing pain or heavy pressure in the middle of the chest (angina pectoris), a delay in treatment could result in death, heart attack
myocarditis
inflammation of the muscle layer of the heart wall
patent ductus arteriosus
congenital heart anomaly in which the fetal connection between the pulmonary artery and the aorta fails to close at birth
pericarditis
inflammation of the pericardial sac around the heart
peripheral vascular disease
any abnormal condition offection blood vessels outside the heart, symptoms may include pain, pallor, numbness, and loss of circulation and pulses
polyarteritis
inflammation of several arteries
Raynaud's phenomenon
periodic ischemic attacks affecting the extremities of the body, especially the fingers, toes, ears, and nose, affected extremities become cyanotic and very painful, these attacks are brought on by arterial constriction due to extreme cold or emotional stress
rheumatic heart disease
valvular heart disease as a result of having had rheumatic fever
tetralogy of Fallot
combination of four congenital anomalies, pulmonary stenosis, an interventricular septal defect, improper placement of the aorta, and hypertrophy of the right ventricle, needs immediate surger to correct
thrombophlebitis
inflammation of a vein that results in the formation of blood clots within the vein
thrombus
a blood clot forming within a blood vessel, may partially or completely occlude the blood vessel
varicose veins
swollen and distended veins, usually in the legs
cardiac catheterization
passage of a thin tube (catheter) through a blood vessel leading to the heart
cardiac enzymes
blood test to determine the level of enxymes specific to heart muscles in the blood, increase in the enzymes may indicate heart muscle damage such as a myocardial infarction
coronary angiography
radiographic x-ray of the heart and large vessels after the injection of a radiopaque solution, taken in rapid sequence as the material moves through the heart
doppler ultrasonography
measurement of sound-wave echoes as they bounce off tissues and organs to produce an image
echocardiography
noninvasive diagnostic method using ultrasound to visualize internal cardiac structures
electrocardiography
record of the electrical activity of the heart
Holter monitor
portable ECG monitor worn by a patient for a period of a few hours to a few days to assess the heart and pulse activity as the person goes through the activities of daily living
serum lipoprotein
blood test to measure the amount of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood, indicator of atherosclerosis risk
stress testing
method for evaluating cardiovascular fitness, patient is placed on a treadmill or bicycle and then subjected to steadily increasing levels of work, EKG and oxygen levels are taken while the patient exercises
venography
x-ray of the veins by tracing the venous pulse, phlebography
aneurysmectomy
surgical removal of the sac of an aneruysm
angioplasty
surgical repair procedure of altering the structure of a vessel by dilating it using a ballone inside the vessel
arterial anastomosis
surgical joining together of two arteries, performed if an artery is severed or if a damaged section of an artery is removed
cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
procedure to restore cardiac output and oxygenated air to the lungs for a person in cardiac attest, combination of chest compressions and artificial respiration
commissurotomy
surgical incision to change the size of an opening
coronary artery bypass graft
open-heart surgery in which a blood vessel from another location in the body is grafted to route blood around a blocked coronary artery
defibrillation
a procedure that converts serious irregular heartbeats, such as fibrillation, by giving electric shocks to the heart using an instrument called a defibrillator
embolectomy
removal of an embolus or clot from a blood vessel
endarterectomy
excision of the diseased or damaged inner lining of an artery, usually performed to remove atherosclerotic plaques
extracorporeal
during open-heart surgery, the routing of blood to a heart-lung machine so it can be oxygenated and pumped to the rest of the body
heart transplantation
replacement of a diseased or malfunctioning heart with a donor's heart
intracoronary artery stent
placing a stent within a cononary artery to treat coronacy ischemia due to atherosclerosis
ligation and stripping
surgical treatment for varicose veins, dammaged vein is tied off and removed
open-heart surgery
surgery that involves incision of the heart, coronary arteries, or heart valves
pacemaker implantation
electrical device that substitutes for the natural pacemaker of the heart, controls the beating of the heart by a series of rhythmic electrical impulses, internal and external
percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
method for treating localized coronary artery narrowing, a balloon catheter is inserted through the skin into the coronary artery and inflated to dilate the narrow blood vessel
pericardiocentesis
insertion of a needle into the pericardial sac for the purpose of aspiration excess fluid around the heart
phlebotomy
creating an opening into a vein to withdraw blood
thrombectomy
surgical removal of a thrombus or blood clot from a blood vessel
thrombolytic therapy
drugs are injected into a blood vessel to dissolve clots and restore blood flow
valve replacement
excisison of a diseased heart vlave and replacemet with an artificial valve
venipuncture
pucture into a vein to withdraw fluids or insert medication and fluids
antiarrhythmic
reduces or prevents cardiac arrhythmias
anticoagulant
prevent blood clot formation
antihypertensive
lowers blood pressure
antilipidemic
reduces amount of cholesterol and lipids in the bloodstream, threats hyperlipidemia
cardiotonic
increases the force of cardiac muscle contraction, treats congestive heart failure
diuretic
increases urine production by the kidneys, which works to reduce plasma and therefore blood volume, lowers blood pressure
thrombolytic
dissoves existing blood clots
vasoconstrictor
contracts smooth muscle in walls of blood vessels, raises blood pressure
vasodilator
relaxes the smooth muscle in the walls of arteries, thereby increasing diameter of the blood vessel, increasing circulation to an ischemic area and reducing blood pressure