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181 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
adip/o
fat
albin/o
white
bi/o
life
cry/o
cold
cutane/o
skin
cyan/o
blue
derm/o
skin
dermat/o
skin
diophor/o
profuse sweating
hidr/o
sweat
ichthy/0
scaly, dry
kerat/o
hard, horny
leuk/o
white
lip/p
fat
melan/o
black
myc/o
fungus
necr/o
death
onych/o
nail
pachy/o
thick
pil/o
hair
py/o
pus
rhytid/o
wrinkle
scler/o
hard
seb/o
oil
trich/o
hair
ungu/o
nail
xanth/o
yellow
xer/o
dry
-derma
skin
-opsy
view of
-plakia
a plate
-tome
instrument used to cut
cutaneous membrane
another term for skin
serous membranes
line body cavities seccrete a thin, watery fluid that acts as a lubricant to reduce friction when organs rub against each other
mucous membranes
line body passages that open directly to the exterior of the body, secrete a sticky fluid to trap pathogens
abrasion
a scraping away of the skin surface by friction
abscess
a collection of pus in the skin
albino
a genetic condition in which the person is unable to make melanin, characterized by white hair and skin, and red pupils due to the lack of pigment
alopecia
absence or loss of hair especially of the head , commonly called baldness
cicatrix
a scar
comedo
collection of hardened sebum in hair follicle, also called a blackhead
contusion
injury caused by a blow to the body, causes swelling, pain, and brusing, the skin is not broken
cyanosis
bluish tint to the skin caused by deoxygenated blood
cyst
fluid filled sac under the skin
decubitus
open sore caused by pressure over bony prominences cutting off the blood flow to the overlying skin, these can appear in bedridden patients who lie in one position too long and can be difficult to heal, bedsore or pressure sore
depignemtation
loss of normal skin color or pigment
dermatologist
physician who specializes in the treatment of diseases and conditions of the integumentary system
diaphoresis
profuse sweating
ecchymosis
skin discoloration caused by blood collection under the skin following blunt trauma to the skin, a bruise
erythema
reddness or flushing of the skin
fissure
crack-like lesion or groove on the skin
frostbite
freezing or the effect of freezing on a part of the body, exposed areas such as ears, nose, cheeks, fingers, toes are generally affected
hemangioma
benign tumor of dilated blood vessels
hirsutism
excessive hair growth over the body
hyperemia
redness of the skin due to increased blood flow
depignemtation
loss of normal skin color or pigment
erythema
reddness or flushing of the skin
fissure
crack-like lesion or groove on the skin
hemangioma
benign tumor of dilated blood vessels
hyperemia
redness of the skin due to increased blood flow
hyperpigmentation
abnormal amount of pigmentation in the skin
keloid
formation of a raised and thickened hypertrophic scar after an injury or surgery
keratosis
skin condition with an overgrowth and thickening of the epiderimis
macule
flat, discolored area that is flush with the skin surface, freckle or a birthmark
nevus
pigmented congenital skin blemish, birthmark, or mole, usually benign but many become cancerous
nodule
firm, aolid mass of cells in the skin
papule
small, solid, circular raised spot on the surface of the skin, less than 1 cm in diameter
pediculosis
infestation with lice, the eggs laid by the lice are called nits and cling tightly to the hair
petechiae
pinpoint purple or red spots from minute hemorrhages under the skin
photosensitivity
condition in which the skin reacts abnormally when exposed to light, such as the ultraviolet rays of the sun
polyp
small tumor with a pedicle or stem attachment, they are commoly found in the mucous membranes such as the nasal cavity
pruritus
severe itching
purpura
hemmorrhages into the skin due to fragile blood vessels, commonly seen in elderly people
purulent
containing or producing pus
pustule
raised spot on the skin containing pus
scabies
contagious skin disease caused by an egg-laying mite that burrows through the skin and causes redness and intense itching
suppurative
containing or producing pus
ulcer
open sore or lesion in skin or mucous membrane
urticaria
also called hives, a skin eruption of pale reddish wheals with severe itching, usually associated with food allergy, stess or drug reaction
verruca
commonly called warts, a benign growth caused by a virus, has a rough surface that is removed by chemicals and/or laser therapy
vesicle
a blister, small, fluid-filled raised spot on the skin
vitiligo
disapppearence of pigment from the skin in patches, causing a milk-white appearence, allso called leukoderma
wheal
small, round, raised area on the skin that may be accompanied by itching
acne
inflammatory disease of the sebaceous gland and hair follicles that results in papules and pustules
acne rosacea
form of acne seen in adults, especially on the nose and cheeks
acne vulgaris
common form of acne seen in teenagers, characterized by comedo, papules, and pustules
basal cell carcinoma
cancerous tumor of the basal cell layer of the epidermis, a frequent type of skin cancer that rarely metastasizes or spreads, theses cancers can arise on sunesposed skin
burn
damage to the skin that can result from exposure to open fire, electricity, ultraviolet light from the sun or caustic chemicals
burn, 1st degree
damage to the epidermis layer of the skin, characterized by hyperemia, but no blisters or scars
burn, 2nd degree
damage extends through the epidermis and into the dermis, causing vesicles to form, scarring may occur, also called partial thickness burn
burn, 3rd degree
damage to full thickness of skin and into underlying tissues, infection is a major concern, fluid loss can be life threatening, grafts are usually required and scarring will occur
carbuncle
furnucle involving several hair follicles
cellulitis
a diffuse, acute infection and inflammation of the skin
dry gangrene
late stages of gangrene characterized by the affected area becoming black and leathery
eczema
superficial dermatitis of unknown cause accompanied by papules, vesicles, and crusting
furuncle
bacterial infection of a hair follicle, characterized by redness, pain, and swelling, also called a boil
gangrene
tissue necrosis usually due to deficient blood supply
ichthyosis
condition in which the skin becomes dry, scaly, and keratinized
impetigo
a bacterial infection of the skin with pustules that rupture and become crusted over
Kaposi's sarcoma
form of skin cancer frequently seen in AIDS patients, consists of brownish-purple papules that spread from the skin and matastasize to internal organs
leukoplakia
change in mucous membrane that results in thick, white plate-like patches on the mucous membrane of the tongue and cheek, considered precancerous, associated with smoking
malignant melenoma
dangerous form of skin cancer caused by an uncontrolled growth of melanocytes, may quickly metastasize or spread to internal organs
onychia
infected nail bed
paronychia
infection around the nail bed
pemphigus vulgaria
skin condition in which blisters form in the skin and mucous membranes
psoriasis
chronic inflammatory condition consisting of crusty papules forming patches with circular borders
rubella
contagious viral skin infection
sebaceous cyst
sac under the skin filled with sebum or oil from a sebaceous gland, can grow to a large size and may need to be excised
squamous cell carcinoma
epidermal cancer that may go into deeper tissue but does not generally metastasize
systemic lupus erythematosus
chronic disease of the connectic tissue that injures the skin, joints, kidneys, nervous system, and mucous membranes, may produce a characteristic butterfly rash across the cheeks and nose
shingles
erruption of vesicles along a nerve path, causing a rash and pain, caused by same virus as chicken pox
tinea
fungal skin disease resulting in itching, scaling leasions
tinea capitis
fungal infection of the scalp, comonnly called ringworm
tinea pedis
fungal infection of the foot, athlete's foot
varicella
contagious viral skin infection, chicken pox
wet gangrene
area of gangrene becoming infected by pus-producing bacteria
biopsy
a piece of tissue is removed by syringe and needle, knife, punch, or brush to examine under a microscope
culture and sensitivity
a laboratory test that grows a colony of bacteria removed from an infected area in order to identify the specific infecting bacteria and then determine its sensitivity to a variety of antibiotics
exfoliative cytology
scraping cells from tissue and then examining them under a microscope
frozen section
a thin piece of tissue is cut from a frozen specimen for rapie examination undera microscope
fungal scrapings
scrapings, taken with curette or scraper, of tissue from lesions are placed on a growth medium and examined under a microscope to identify fungal growth
needle biopsy
using a sterile needle to remove tissure for examination under a microscope
skin tests
test to determine a patient's reaction to a suspected allergen by injecting a small amount under the skin with a needle, the reaction of the patient to this material is then read to indicate any allergy
sweat test
test performed on sweat to determine the level of chloride, an increase in skin chloride is seen with the disease cystic fibrosis
adipectomy
surgical removal of fat
allograft
skin graft from one person to another, donor is usually a cadaver
autograft
skin graft from a person's own body
cauterization
destruction of tissue with a caustic chemical, electric current, freezing, or hot iron
chemabrasion
abrasion using chemicals, chemical peel
cryosurgery
the use of extreme cold to freeze and destroy tissue
curettage
removal of superficial skin lesions with a curette or scraper
debridement
removal of foreign material and dead or damaged tissue from a wound
dermabrasion
abrasion or rubbing using wire brushes or sandpaper, performed to remove acne scars, tattoos, and scar tissue
dermatome
instrument for cutting the skin or thin trasplants of skin
electrocautery
to destroy tissue with an electric current
heterograft
skin graft from an animal of another species to a human, xenograft
incision and drainage
making an incision to create an opening for the drainage of material such as pus
laser therapy
removal of skin lesions, birthmarks using a laser beam that emits intense heat and power at a close range
liposuction
removal of fat beneath the skin by means of suction
plication
taking tucks surgically in a structure to shorten it
rhytidectomy
surgical removal of excess skin to eliminate wrinkles, face lift
skin graft
the transfer of skin from a normal area to cover another site, used to treat burn victims and after some surgical procedures
xenograft
skin graft from an animal of another species to a human
anesthetics
applied to the skin the deaden pain
antibiotics
kill bacteria causing skin infections
antifungals
kill fungi infecting the skin
anti-inflammatory drugs
reduce skin inflammation or itching
antiparasitics
kill mites or lice
antipruritics
reduce severe itching
antiseptics
used to kill bacteria in skin cuts and wounds or at a surgical site
corticosteroid cream
specific type of powerful anti-inflammatory cream
subcutaneous
pertaining to under the skin
epidermal
pertaining to upon the skin
hypodermic
pertaining to under the skin
intradermal
pertaining to within the skin
dermatitis
inflammation of the skin
dermatology
study of the skin
dermatopathy
skin disease
dermatoplasty
surgical repair of the skin
anjidrosis
abnormal condition of no sweat
hyperhidrosis
abnormal condition of excessive sweat
lipectomy
excision of fat
lipoma
fatty growth
melanoma
black tumor
necrosis
abnormal condition of death
onychectomy
excision of a nail
onychomalacia
softening of nails
onychomycosis
abnormal condition of nail fungus
onychophagia
nail eating (nail biting)
pyogenic
pus forming
rhytidoplasty
surgical repair of wrinkles
seborrhea
oily discharge
trichomycosis
abnormal condition of hair fungus
ungual
pertaining to the nails
erythroderma
red skin
ichthyoderma
scaly and dry skin
leukoderma
white skin
pachyderma
thick skin
scleroderma
hard skin
xanthoderma
yellow skin
xeroderma
dry skin