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157 Cards in this Set

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agglutino
clumping
chromo
color
coagulo
clotting
erythro
red
fibrin
fibers/ fibrous
granulo
granules
hemo
blood
hemato
blood
leuko
white
morpho
shape
myelo
bone marrow
phago
eat/ swallow
sanguino
blood/ red
thrombo
clot
-apheresis
removal/ carry away
-cyte
cell
-cytosis
more than the normal # of cells
-emia
blood condition
-globin
protein
-penia
abnormal decrease
-poiesis
formation
-stasis
standing still
erythrocytes
red blood cells
leukocytes
white blood cells
formed blood elements
solid cells in the plasma
hematopoiesis
the formation of blood cells in the bone marrow
avg. adult has how L of blood?
5L is average
Formed elements = leuko + erythro + ________
platelets
albumin
plasma protein that helps transport fatty substances that cannot dissolve in the watery plasma
globulins
one of several kinda of plasma proteins
gamma globulins
act as antibodies
fibrinogen
a blood clotting plasma protein
other important substances in blood plasma?
electrolytes (Na, Ca, K, glucose), amino acids, fats, and wastes (urea and creatinine)
bilirubin
the part of a RBC that cannot be reused and is "dumped"
enucleated
without a nucleus
hemoglobin
an iron containing pigment that transports O2
two types of WBC
agranulocytes and granulocytes
granulocytes
have granules in the cytoplasm
agranulocytes
do not have granules in the cytoplasm
3 types of granulocytes
baso- [release histamine and heparin], eosino- [destroy parasites and increase allergic rxn], and neutrophils [most common; used f/phagocytosis]
2 types of agranulocytes
monocytes [important for phagocytosis] and lymphocytes [immunity activity]
platelet is the modern term for...
thrombocyte
the smallest of the formed blood elements?
the thrombocyte
thrombocytes: whole cells, T/F?
F: not whole cells, but shattered pieces of large precursor cell
function of platelets/thrombocytes?
play critical role in blood clotting
thrombocytes agglutinate, meaning...
that they clump together when a vess. is ruptured
what chem. do platelets release?
thromboplastin --> rxn w/ Ca to form prothrombin --> thrombin --> thrombin converts fibrinogen to fibrin which forms the clot
blood typing looks for...
... ABO-type and Rh factor
Type A blood makes anti-____ bodies
anti-B bodies
Type B blood makes anti-____ bodies
anti-A bodies
O blood is accepted by all because
it has no markers on the outside
Rh+ blood has...
... an Rh marker on the outside and will not make anti-Rh antibodies
Rh- blood has...
... no Rh marker on the outside and will react to transfusion with Rh-possessing blood
A person with Rh- blood can recieve...
... ONLY Rh- blood
A person with Rh+ blood can recieve...
... EITHER Rh+ or - blood
"type and crossmatch"
type = checks types of the two bloods

crossmatch = mixes small amount of both together to observe negative rxns
fibrinogen
fibrin producing
fibrinolysis
destruction of fibrin
hemoglobin
blood protein
hemolysis
destruction of blood cells
hemorrhage
rapid flow of blood
hemostasis
stopping blood
hematology
study of blood
hematoma
swelling of blood
hematopoiesis
blood formation
sanguinous
pertaining to blood
erythrocytosis
too many RBCs
leukocytosis
too many WBCs
thrombocytosis
too many thrombocytes
erythropenia
too few RBCs
leukocytopenia
too few WBCs
thrombocytopenia
too few thromocytes
pancytopenia
too few of all cells
hematocytopenia
too few blood cells
dyscrasia
general term meaning presence of a disease affecting the blood
hematoma
collection of blood beneath the skin: a swelling: a bruise
packed cells
the transfusion of only formed elements, w/o plasma
whole blood
the whole shebang (plasma + formed e.)
anemia
reduction in RBC count OR amount of hemoglobin in blood = less O2 reaches tissues
aplastic anemia
severe form of anemia --> dev. as conseq of loss of functioning red bone marrow. --> decrease in #'s of all formed elements: needs bone marrow transplant
erythroplastosis fetalis
condition in which antibodies from mother enter child in utero cause anemia, jaundice, edema, etc: AKA, hemolytic disease of the neonate
hemolytic anemia
anemia the result of excessive loss of RBCs
hemophilia
x-linked blood clotting disorder.. "bleeders"
hyperlipidemia
condition of high lipids in the blood
hypochromic anemia
anemia resulting from having too little hemoglobin in the RBCs (named so b/c hb is responsible for the color of RBCs)
pernicious anemia
anemia assoc. with insufficient absorption of b12: b12 is neccessary for RBC production
polycythemia vera
production of too many RBCs by the bone marrow: blood becomes too thick to easily flow through the veins
septicemia
bacteria in the bloodstream ("blood poisoning")
thallassemia
genetic disorder in which the person is unable to make functioning hemoglobin resulting in anemia
bleeding time
how long it takes for someone's blood to coagulate
blood culture and sensitivity
sample of blood collected to check for bacteria; then bac is checked f/sens to antibiotics
bone marrow aspiration
sample of bone marrow aspirated with needle and examined for diseases like leukemia and aplastic anemia
complete blood count
blood test that consists of five tests: RBC count, WBC count, HgB, hematocrit, and WBC differential
erythrocyte sedimentation
blood test that to determine the rate at which mature RBCs settle out of the blood after the addition of an anticoag. this is an indicator of inflammatory disease.
hematocrit
blood test to measure the vol of RBC within the total vol of blood
hemoglobin
blood test to determine the amount of hgb present in a given vol of blood
phlebotomy
incision into a vein in order to remove blood for a diagnostic test
platelet
blood test to determine the number of platelets in a given vol of blood
prothrombin time
measure of the blood's coag abilities
RBC morphology
exam of a specimen of blood for abnormalities in the shape of RBCs
sequential multiple analyzer computer (SMAC)
machine for doing multiple blood chemistry tests automatically
white blood cell differential
blood test to determine the number of each variety of leukocytes
autologous transfusion
procedure for collecting and storing a patients own blood weeks prior to need
homologous transfusion
replacement of blood by transfusion of blood recieved by another person
plasmapheresis
method of removing plasma from the body without depleting the formed elements. Whole blood is removed and the cells and plasma are separated. The cells are returned to the patient along with a donor plasma transfusion.
antiplatelet
blood thinners
hematinic
substance that increases the number of RBC or HgB in the blood
hemostatic
stops the flow of blood
thrombolytic
able to dissolve existing blood clots
adeno-
gland
adenoid-
adenoids
immuno
protection
lympho
lymph
lymphadeno
lymph node
lymphangio
lymph vessel
toxo
poison
immune system is comprised of...
... lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, the spleen, the thymus gland, and the tonsils.
lymph
fluid in lymphatic vessels: composed of h2o, WBC, nutrients, hormones, salts, CO2, O2, and urea.
lymph flows...
one way only. pulls in wastes from tissues back towards thoracic cavity
two main lymphatic ducts
right lymphatic duct and the thoracic duct
axillary
armpits
cervical
neck
inguinal
area of lower legs and pelvis
mediastinal
area of chest cavity
3 types of tonsils
adenoids, pharyngeal, lingual
blood sinuses
drains blood from spleen
t cells/ t lymphocytes
assists the body in immunity comes from the thymus
thymosin
hormone that makes lymphocytes into t lymphocytes
natural immunity
immunity that the body has naturally... the skin, etc
acquired immunity
immunity the body develops... the response to a pathogen
passive acquired immunity
immunity received from another being (passed from mother to child, for ex)
active acquired immunity
immunity stimulated by immunization
humoral immunity
antibody regulated immunity... b lymphocytes
cellular immunity
cell-mediated immunity... t lymphocytes
Epstein-Barr virus
virus that is believed to be the cuase of infectious mono...
hives
appearance of wheals as part of an allergic reaction
lymphedema
edema appearing in the extremities due to an obstruction of the lymph flow through the lymph vess
urticaria
severe itching assoc with hives, usually assoc with food allergy, stress, or drug rxns
aids related complex
early stage of aids that shows mild signs of weight loss, fatigue, skin rash, etc
elephantitis
inflammation, obstruction, and destruction of the lymph vess that results in enlarged tissues due to edema
graft vs. host disease
serious complications of bone marrow transplant. immunie cells from the donor graft attack host cells
hodgkin's disease
cancer of the lymphatic cells found in concentration in the lymph nodes.
lymphadenitis
inflammation of the lymph nodes, referred to as swollen glands.
mononucleosis
acute infectious disease with a large number of atypical lymphocytes, caused by the epstein-barr virus
non-hodgkin's lymphoma
cancer of the lymphatic tissues not caused by hodgkins
peritonsillar abscess
infection of the tissues between the tonsils and the pharynx
pnemocystis carinii
pneumonia common in AIDS patients caused by parasite
sarcoidosis
disease of unknown cause that forms fibrous lesions that appear everywhere....
severe combined immunodeiciency syndrome
disease seen in children born with a nonfunctioning immune system. "bubble" kids.
ELISA (enzyme linked immunosorbent assay)
a blood test for an antibody to the AIDS virus.
lymphangiography
x-ray taken of the lymph vess after the injection of dye into the foot (traces the flow of lymph through chest)
monospot
test for infectious mono
scratch test
form of allergy testing
western blot
test used as a backup to the ELISA blood test to detect the presence of the HIV antibody
corticosteroids
a hormone produced by the adrenal cortex that has a very strong anti inflammatory properties
immunosuppressants
blocks certain actions of the immune systems.. needed for organ transplant
vasoconstrictors
produces contraction of the smooth muscles in the walls of arteries, will raise blood pressure in a patient with anaphylactic shock