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155 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
diplococci
berry shaped bacteria organized in pairs
distal
far from the point of attachment to the trunk or far from the beginning of a structure
dorsal
pertaining to the back
ectopic pregnancy
the zygote develops outside the uterus, most often in the fallopian tubes
encephalgia
brain pain
endoplamic reticulum
a network of canals within a cell, where proteins are made
esophagus
part of the alimentary canal b/w the pharynx(throat) and stomach
gastroenteritis
acute inflammation of the lining of the stomach and intestines
gastrology
study of the stomach
genes
regions in chromosomes, composed of chemical DNA
gingivitis
inflammation of gums
gonococci
example of diplococci, seed
hemolysis
breakdown of RBCs with release of hemoglobin
hemorrhage
loss of large amount of blood in a short period
hemostasis
blood flow is stopped naturally by clotting or artifically by compression or suturing of a wound
histologist
a scientist who specializes in tissues
hyperemia
high blood
hyperplasia
increase in number of cells in normal arrangment of tissues
hypertrophy
enlargement or overgrowth or organ or body part due to increase of cell SIZE
iatrogenic
treatment produced in or by
idiopathic
when the cause is unknown or not understood
ischaemia
hold back blood from the body
karyotyping
producing a karyotype for a cell or cell line
lateral
farther away from middle, median plane
malaise
vauge feeling or bodily discomfort
mastication
chewing
medial
towards the median plane, middle
mediastinum
the space in the thoacic cavity behind the sternum and b/w the 2 pleural sacs
metabolism
the total of the chemical processes in the cell, catabolism and anabolism
mitocondria
produce energy by burning food in the presence of oxygen
mutualism
2 or more organisms from differernt species live close together, rely on each other
myalgia
pain in muscle
necropsy
autopsy or postmortem examination
neuralgia
pain extends to one or more nerves
organs
structures composed of several types of tissue
nucleus
control center of cell, contains chromosomes and directs actvitiy of the cell
parasitism
one organism benefits and other does not
pathogenic
capable of causing disease, ex-virus, bacteria
pathologist
specializes in identifying disease
percutaneous
performed through the skin, as injection or removal of tissue
peristalsis
involuntary movement, progressive, rhythmic contraction of muscles in the wall of esophagus propelling a mass of food toward the stomach
peritoneum
smooth serous membrane that lines the cavity
peritonitis
inflammation of the peritoneum
platelet
important for blood clot
pleura
serous membrane covering the lungs
portal vein
a large vein that carries from the stomach and intestines to the liver
postmortem
after death
postnatal
after birth
prefix
word attached to beginning of term
prenatal
before birth
prone
laying face downward on belly
proximal
near point of attachment
pseudocyesis
false pregnancy
pyelagia
pain to renal pelvis
red blood cell
carry oxygen in the blood
relapse
a disease or symptoms come back after apparent recovery
ribosomes
small cellular components
sarcoma
form of cancer that arises in supportive tissues such as bone, muscle, cartilage, fat
sepsis
presence of organisms in the blood
stomatitis
inflammation of the mouth
streptococci
grows in twisted chains
staphylococci
grows in small clusters
suffix
word ending
superior
above another structure
supine
lying on the back
symbiosis
two organisms living together in close association for mutual benefit or not
syndactyly
webbing b/w digits of feet and hands
ventral
front surface of the body(ANTERIOR)
viscera
medical term for internal organs
white blood cells
helps the body fight disease
acromegaly
endocrine disorder, occurs when pituitary gland attached to the base of the brain produces an excessive amount of growth hormone after the completion of puberty
adipo
fat
bil/i
bile, gall
bio/o
life
celi/o
belly, abdomen
cephal/o
head
cheil/o
Lip
chol/o
bile, gall
crin/o
secrete
cutane/o
skin
dent/i
tooth
derm/o
skin
gastr/o
stomach
gloss/o
tounge
gluc/o
glucose, sugar
gnos/o
knowledge
hist/o
tissue
labi/o
lip
lapar/o
abdomenal wall, abdomen
lingu/o
tounge
lip/o
fat, lipid
odont/o
tooth
or/o
eye, vision
pharyng/o
throat, pharynx
rhin/o
nose
sarc/o
flesh
steat/o
fat, sebum
thromb/o
clot
-iasis,-osis
abnormal condition
cyst/o(ic, itis, cele, gram, scopy, stomy, tomy), vesic/o(al)
bladder
-megaly
enlargement
-cyte
cell
-ation,-ema,-esis,-ia,ism,-sis, -y
condition
-ptosis
drooping or prolapse
belphar/o(-chalsis, -itis, -plasty, -plegia, -scope, scopy), palpebr/o (-al)
eyelid
-ectomy
excision
-pexy
fixation
-sclerosis
hardening
-cele
hernia
-tomy
incision
-itis
inflammation
musculo (-ar, -skeletal) my/o (algia, ectomy, oma, neural, pathy, rrhaphy, therapy)
muscle
-tresia
opening
-algia, -dynia
pain
-centesis
surgical puncture
-ole, -ule
small or little
-ectomy
surgical removal
-stasis, -static
stopping/controlling
-ectasia, -stenosis
stretching, dialation
-logy
study of
-plasty
surgical repair
-rrhaphy
suture
-stenosis
tightening
-opsy
view of
-emesis
vomiting
epi-, hyper-, supra-
above or upon
anti-, contra-
against
dys-,mal-
bad
hypo-
deficient/below
peri-
surrounding
hyper-
excessive
tachy-
fast
neo-
new
auto-
self
brady-
slow
dia-, per-, trans-
through
dia-
through or complete
en-, endo-, end-, intra-
within
Borborygmus
rumbling or gurgling noise produced by the movement of gas, fluid, or both in the gastrointestinal tract
Chrohn disease
chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract
Cleft plate
if two jaw bones do not come together normally before birth
Esophagalgia
Pain in the esophagus
Esophageal atresia
the esophagus does not connect with the stomach
Esophageal varices
swollen, varicose veins at the lower end of the esophagus
Esophagectasis
Dilation of the esophagus
Icterus index
Measure of serum bilirubin levels by comparing the yellow blood serum from a jaundiced patient with the colors of standard potassium dichromate solutions.
Ileus
failure of peristalsis with resulting obstruction of the intestines
Intussesception
telescoping of the intestines
Jaundice
yellow-orange coloration of the skin and white of the eyes caused by high levels of bilirubin in the blood
stool culture
test for microorganisms present in feces
stool guaiac
detection of occult or hidden blood in feces
volvulus
loop of the bowl whose nose has twisted itself
ABB nasogastric tube
NG tube
ABB nothing by mouth
NPO
ABB twice a day
b.i.d.