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16 Cards in this Set

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abnormal growing together of two surfaces that normally are separated. This may occur after abominalsurgery; surgical treatment is called adhesiolysis or adhesiotomy.
adhesion
psychoneurotic disorder charaterized by a prolonged refusal to eat, resulting in emaciation, amenorrhea in females, and abnormal fear of becoming obese. It occurs primarily in adolescents.
anorexia nervosa
an eating disorder involving gorging with food, followed by induced vomiting or laxative abuse
bulimia nervosa
chronic disease of the liver with gradual destruction of cells, most commonly caused by alcoholism.
cirrhosis
chronic inflammation usually affecting the ileum, although it can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract. It is characterized by cobblestone ulcerations along the intestinal wall and the formation of scar tissue and may cause obstruction.
Crohn disease
ulcer in the duodenum
duodenal ulcer
ulcer in the stomach
gastric ulcer
the abnormal backword flow of gastrointestinal contents into the esophagus, gradually breaking down the mucous barrier of the esophagus.
gastroesophageal reflux disease
obstruction of the intestine, often caused by failure of peristalis.
ileus
telescoping of a segment of the intestine
intussusception
periodic disturbances of bowel function, such as diarrhea and/or constipation, usually assoctiated with abdominal pain.
irritable bowel syndrom (IBS)
excess of body fat
obesity
another name for gastric or duodenal ulcer
peptic ulcer
tumorlike growth extending outward from a mucous membrane. Usually benign; common sites are in the nose, throat, and intestines.
polyp
inflammation of the colon with the formation of ulcers. The main symptom is diarrhea- as many as 15 to 29 stools per day. An ileostomy may be performed to treat this condition.
ulcerative colitis
twisting or kinking of the intestine, causing intestinal obstruction.
volvulus