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76 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
gastritis
inflammation of the stomach
nephritis
inflammation of the kidney
gastrectomy
excision of the stomach
osteoma
tumor of the bone
hepatoma
tumor of the liver
hepatitis
inflammation of the liver
DSA
digital subtraction angiography
Dx
diagnosis
LAT, lat
lateral
LLQ
left lower quadrant
LUQ
left upper quadrant
MRI
magnetic resonance imaging
PA
posteroanteriot; pernicious anemia
PET
positron emission tomography
post
posterior
RLQ
right lower quadrant
RUQ
right upper quadrant
sono
sonogram
SPECT
single photon emission computed tomography
Sx
symptom
Tx
treatment
U&L, U/L
upper and lower
US
ultrasound
AP
anteroposterior
atlantoaxial
pertaining to the atlas and the axis
cervical
pertaining to or in the region of the neck
lumbar
pertaining to the lions; the part of the back between the thorax and pelvis
lumbosacral junction
joining of the lumbar vertebrae and the sacrum
odontoid
toothlike
sacral
pertaining to the sacrum
scoliosis
a lateral curvature of the spine
spasm
involuntary sudden movement or muscular contraction that occurs as a result of an irritant or trauma
spina bifida occulta
a failure of the vertebrae to close, w/o hernial protrusion
vertebral bodies
short columns of bone forming the weight-supporting portion of the vertebra
anterior
before or in front of (ventral or abdominal side of the body)
distal
furthest from the center, from a medial line, or from the trunk
dorsal
pertaining to the back
epicondyle
the eminence at the articular end of a bone above a condyle
humerus
the bone of the upper arm
lucency
quality of shine, clearness, or translucency
medial
pertaining to the middle; nearer the medial plane
mm
millimeter
posterior
toward the rear or caudal end; toward the back (dorsal) in humans
radius
the outer and shorter bone of the forearm
ulna
the larger bone of the forearm, between the wrist and the elbow
ventral-lateral
on the anterior surface of the body and away from the median
atypia
deviation from a standard or regular type
atypical
deviating from the normal; not conforming to type
basal cell layer
the deepest layer of cells in a tissue
Bowen disease
form of intraepidermal carcinoma in squamous cells; characterized by red-brown scaly patches/crusted lesions
carcinoma
a new growth or malignant tumor that occurs in epithelial tissue
dermatitis
inflammatory rash marked by itching and redness
dermis
the layer of skin lying immediately under the epidermis
dorsum
the back or posterior surface of a part
epidermal hyperplasia
an abnormal growth on the surface of the epidermis
fibroplasia
the deveopment of fibrous tissue, as in wound healing
hyperkeratosis
an overgrowth of the cornea/horny layer of the epidermis
infiltrate
to pass into or through a substance or space
keratinocytes
cells in the skin that synthesize keratin
lymphocytic
pertaining to WBCs
neoplastic
relating to a neoplasm, or tumor
papillary
concerning a nipple or papilla/composed of papillae
pathological
of or relating to pathology (the study of diseases)
solar elastosis
the breakdown of elastic tissue in the sun-exposed parts of the skin, usually in older persons
squamous
scalelike; type of epithelial tissue shape
alkaline phosphatase
enzyme present in the liver, kidneys, intestines, teeth, plasma, & developing bone
bilarerally
in respect to the right and left sides of the body or the right and left members of paired organs
CA
abbraviation of cancer/carcinoma
debridement
a removal of foreign material and dead or damaged tissue, especially in a wound
hypertension
high blood pressure (> 140 mmHg systotic or 90 mmHg diastolic)
mastectomy
surgical removal of the breast
neurological
of or relating to neurology (the study of the structure, functions, and diseases of the nervous system)
onychomycosis
a fungal disease of the nails
Sporanox
medicine used for antifungal treatment; made from itraconazole
vascular
pertaining to or composed of blood vessels
lateral
pertaining to the side