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98 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
adipose
pertaining to fat
androgen
generic term for an agent, usually a hormone that stimulates activity of male sex organs
dorsal
back or posterior
ductule
a very small duct
hypodermis
tissue below dermis
integument
(skin)-a covering consisting of the epidermis and dermis
sytemic
pertaining to the entire body
adip/o
lip/o
steat/o
fat
cutane/o
dermat/o
derm/o
skin
hidr/o
sudor/o
sweat
ichthy/o
dry,scaly
kerat/o
horny tissue; hard
melan/o
black
myc/o
fungus
onych/o
ungu/o
nail
pil/o
trich/o
hair
scler/o
hardening; sclera(white of eye)
seb/o
sebum--an oil secretion of the sebaceous glands
squam/o
scale
xer/o
dry
-cyte
cell
-derma
skin
-logist
specialist in the study of
-logy
study of
-therapy
treatment
an-
without
dia-
across, through
epi-
above, upon
hyper-
excessive, above normal
sub-
under, below
primary lesions
the initial reaction to pathologically altered tissue and may be flat or elevated
secondary lesions
the changes that take place in the primary lesion due to infection, scratching
macule
flat, pigmented, area of skin

ex. freckle, flat mole
papule
solid elevated lesion may be same color as skin

ex. wart, pimple
nodule
palpable, solid, deeper into dermis than papule

ex. benign or malignant tumor
tumor
solid, elevated lesion larger than 2cm, extends into dermis and subcutaneous layers
wheal
elevated, firm, round lesion with swelling; itching, lighter pigment in middle
ex. hives, insect bites
vesicle
elevated, fluid filled lesion
ex. poison ivy, chicken pox
pustule
small, raised, lesion that contains pulse
ex. acne, scabies
bulla
a vesicle or blister that is larger than 1 cm in diameter
ex. 2nd degree burns, severe poison oak or ivy
exoriations
linear scratch marksor traumatized abrasions of the epidermis
ex. scratches, abrasions, thermal burns
fissure
small slit or cracklike sore that extends into the dermal layer; could be caused by continuous inflammation and drying
ulcer
an open sore or lesion that extends to the dermis and usually heals with scarring
ex. pressure sore
rule of nines
9%-arms and head
18%-torso, back, legs
Grade I tumor cell
tumor cells well differentiated from cells of origin
Grade II tumor cell
tumor cell moderately differentiated, more variation in size and shape
Grade III tumor cell
tumor cells poorly differentiated
Grade IV tumor cell
tumor cells very poorly differentiated, worst stage, no resemblance to tissue of origin
acne
inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands and hair follicles of the skin
abcess
walled cavity containing pus and surrounded by inflamed or necrotic tissue
bowen disease
form of intraepidermal carcinoma characterized by red brown scaly or crusted lesions
carbuncle
deep-seated pyogenic infection of the skin usually involving subcutaneoues tissues, most common on nape of neck
cellulitis
widespread, acute infection of the skin--heat, redness, pain, swelling
chloasma
pigmentary skin discoloration usually occuring in yellowish-brown patches or spots
comedo
typical small skin lesion of acne vulgaris caused by accumulation of keratin, bacteria, and dried sebum plugging an excretory duct of the skin
Decubitus ulcer
skin ulceration caused by prolonged pressure, usually is a person who is bedridden; AKA bedsore
dermatomycosis
fungal infection of the skin
ecchymosis
skin discoloration from blue-black, to greenish brown or yellow; AKA bruise
eczema
acute or chronic skin inflammation characterized by papules, vesicles, scaled, crusts, scabs, and possible itching
erythema
redness of the skin caused by swelling of the capillaries
eschar
damaged tissue following a severe burn
furuncle
bacterial infection of a hair follicle or sebaceous gland that produces a pus filled lesion; AKA boil
hirsutism
condition characterized by the excessive growth of hair or presence of hair in unusual places, especially in women
impetigo
inflammaroty skin disease characterized by isolated pustules that become crusted and rupture
keratosis
thickened area of the epidermes; any hory growths on the skinex callus or wart
lentigo
small brown macules, especially on face and arms on sun exposed areas of the skin
pallor
unnatural paleness or absence of color in the skin
pediculosis
infestation with lice
petechia
minute, pinpoint hemmorhage under the skin
pruritus
intense itching
psoriasis
chronic skin disease surrounded by red patches covered by thick, dry, silvery scales
purpura
any of several bleeding disorders particularly beneath the skin
scabies
contagious skin disease transmitted by itch mite
tinea
any fungal skin disease whose name commonly indicates the body part affected; AKA ringworm
urticaria
allergic reation of the skin characterized by the erruption of pale red elevated patches called wheals(hives)
vitiligo
localized loss of skin pigmentation characterized by milk white patches
verruca
epidermal growth caused by a virus, such as plantar warts, juvenile warts
intradermal test
identifies allergens by subcutaneously injecting small amounts of allergen
patch test
identifies allergens by topical application on forearm
scratch test
identifies allergens by placing a small quantity of allergen on lightly scratched area of skin
biopsy
tissue sample removed from body and examined
needle
removal of tissue using hollow needle
punch
removal of skin using hollow punch
frozen section
frozen specimen used for testing
debridement
removal of foreign material and dead or damaged tissue, especially in a wound
dermabrasion
removal of acne scars, tatoos, or fine wrinkles using sandpaper or other abrasive materials
fulguration
tissue destruction by high frequency electric sparks
chemical peel
chemical removal of the outer layers of skin
cryosurgery
use of subfreezing temp. to remove warts of unwanted tissue
incision and drainage
incision in a lesion such as an abscess and drainage of its contents
anesthetics
block of sensation of pain
antifungals
altering cell wall resulting in cell death
antihistamines
inhibit inflammation, redness and itching
antiseptics
inhibit growth of bacteria in cuts and scratches
ex. hydrogen peroxide
corticosteroid
decrease inflammation and itching by suppressing immune system's response to tissue damage
keratolytics
destroy and soften the outer layer of skin so that it is sloffed off or shed, warts
parasiticides
kill insect parasites, mice and lice
protectives
cover, cool. dry, or soothe inflamed skin
ex. lotions ceams, ointments-vaseline