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16 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Alzheimer disease (AD)
disease characterized by early senility, confusion, loss of recognition or persons or familiar surroundings, restlessness, and impaired memory.
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
progressive muscle atrophy caused by hardening of nerve tissue on the lateral columns of the spinal cord. Also called Lou Gehrig disease.
Bell Palsy
paralysis of muscles on one side of the face, usually a temporary condition. Symptoms include a sagging mouth on the affected side and nonclosure of the eyelid.
cerebral aneurysm
aneurysm in the cerebrum
cerebral palsy (CP)
condition characterized by lack of muscle control and partial paralysis, caused by a brain defect or lesion present at birth or shortly after.
cerebrovascular accident (CVA)
interruption of blood supply to the brain caused by a cerebral thrombosis, cerebral embolus, or cerebral hemmorrhage. The patient may experience mild to severe paralysis. Also called stroke, or brain attack.
epilepsy
disorder in which the main symptom is recurring seizures.
hydrocephalus
increased amount of cerebrospinal flud in the ventricles of the brain, which can cause enlargement of the cranium.
multiple sclerosis (MS)
degenerative disease characterized by sclerotic patches along the brain and spinal cord.
neurosis
emotional disorder that involves an ineffective way of coping with anxiety or inner conflict.
Parkinson disease (PD)
chronic degenerative disease of the central nervous system. Symptoms include resting tremors of the hands and feet, rigidity, expressionless face, and shuffling gait. It usually occurs after the age of 50 years.
psychosis
major mental disease characterized by extreme derangement, often with delusions and hallucinations.
Reye syndrome
disease of the brain and other organs such as the liver. Affects children and adolescents. The cause is unknown, but typically follows a viral infection.
sciatica
inflammation of the sciatic nerve, causing pain that traels from the thigh through the leg to the foot and toes. Can be caused by injury, infection, athritis, herniated disk, or from prolonged pressure on the nerve from sitting for long periods.
shingles
viral disease that affects the peripheral nerves and causes blisters on the skin that follow the course of the affected nerves. (herpes zoster)
transient ischemic attack (TIA)
sudden deficient supply of blood to the brain lasting a short time. The symptoms may be similar to those of CVA, but with TIA the symptoms are temporary and the usual outcome is complete recovery.