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64 Cards in this Set

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What results from adrenal insufficiency
Addisons Disease
What are the three adrenocorticoids that the adrenal gland secretes?
glucocorticoids, mineralcorticoids, adrenal androgens
What results from a deficiency in ADH?
Diabetes Insipidus
SIADH
Syndrome of inappropriate anti diuretic hormone
People with SIADH have the inability to secrete what?
water
What is another name for cushings
hypercortisolism
What disease results from an adrenal excess?
Cushings
A person with an adrenal excess has an excess of?
glucocorticoids
Name a mineralcorticoid
aldosterone
What is pheochromocytoma
a tumor that results in hyper-activity of the adrenal medulla
Panhypopituitarism
both anterior and posterior lobes of the pituitary fail to secrete hormones
What are the hormones secreted by the posterior pituitary
ADH, Oxytocin
What does ADH act on?
kidney
What does oxytocin act on?
uterus and breasts
What are the hormones secreted by the anterior pituitary?
GH, ACTH, TSH, FSH and LH and prolactin
What does GH act on?
Bone and soft tissues
What does ACTH act on?
adrenal gland
What does TSH act on?
thyroid gland
What does FSH and LH act on?
testes and ovaries
What does prolactin act on?
breast
What does the adrenal gland secrete?
adrenocorticosteroids
What does the thyroid control?
metabolic processes
What does the thyroid gland secrete?
thyroid hormones
What do the testes excrete?
testosterone
What do the ovaries secrete
estrogen and progesterone
What stimulates the pituitary gland?
hypothalmus
What controls sleep/wake cycles
intrinsic rhythms
what is the functional unit of the thyroid?
follicular cell
What is necessary for the synthesis of thyroid hormone?
iodine
T4 is
thyroxine
T3 =
triiodothyronine
What is converted into T3 and T4
thyroglobulin
What does the parathyroid gland secrete?
pth
What does PTH do?
regulates serum calcium levels of the blood
What two electrolytes besides calsium is the PTH affected by
phosphorus and magnesium
What does the adrenal medulla secrete?
catecholamines and Epi
What is the target organ of ADH
kidneys
Target organ of GH
whole body
What is TSH controlled by?
TRH
if you increase T4 what happens to TSH levels?
decrease TSH
if you decrease T4 what happens to TSH levels
increase TSH
what is the target organ of TSH
thyroid gland
What is the target organ of ACTH
adrenal cortex gland
What is calcitonin stimulated by
increased serum calcium levels
the alpha cells in the pancreas secrete?
glucagon
the beta cells in the pancreas secrete?
insulin
what do the delta cells in the pancreas secrete?
somatostatin
What is the only hormone that lowers blood glucose levels
insulin
what does glycogen stimulate?
gluconeogenesis
What is the target organ of glucagon?
liver
What is the natural inhibitor of glucagon?
somatostatin
What type of hormone is cortisol
glucocorticoid
What type of hormone is aldosterone?
mineralcorticoid
what does aldosterone do?
saves sodium, excretes K+
PT presents with puple stria, thin skin, moon face, and supraclavicular fat pads
Cushings syndrome
pt presents with hyperpigmentation, poor turgor, dry mucous membranes
adrenal insufficiency
Pt presents with coarsening facial features, facial puffiness, weight gain, larger hands and feet
acromegaly
GH hypersecretion in adults is
Acromegaly
Excess GH in a child
gigantism
most likely tx of a hypersecretion of a hormone
surgery
Pt presents with vomiting, anorexia, anxiety, decreased output, increased urinary sodium
SIADH
hypersecretion of adh
SIADH
hyposecretionof adh
diabetes insipidus
pt presents with polydipsia, polyuria, and dehydration
diabetes insipidus