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17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
analgesic ceiling
a dose wherein no additional analgesia is produced regardless of further dose increases
breakthrough pain
transient moderate to severe pain that occurs above the pain treated by current analgesic treatment protocol
ceiling effect
a property of a drug in which increasing the dose beyond an upper limit provides no greater analgesia
the areas of skin innervated by the sensory fibers of a single dorsal root of a spinal nerve
equianalgesic dose
a dose of one analgesic that is equivalent in pain-relieving effects to another analgesic
the activation of descending pathways that exert inhibitory or faciliatory effects on the transmission of pain
neuropathic pain
pain caused by damage to nerve cells or changes in spinal cord processing
activation of the primary afferent nerves with peripheral terminals (free nerve endings) that respond to noxious (tissue-damaging) stimuli
nociceptive pain
pain that is caused by damage to somatic or visceral tissue and occurs abruptly after an injury or disease, persists until healing occurs, and often is intensified by anxiety or fear
an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience arising from actual or potential tissue damage and described in terms of such damage; whatever the person experiencing the pain says it is, existing whenever the person says it does
patient-controlled analgesia
an analgesic delivery system that allows the patient to receive a bolus infusion of an analgesic on demand within the parameters programmed into the delivery system
the state in which pain is recognized, defined, and responded to by the individual experiencing the pain
the state of severe distress associated with events that threaten the intactness of the person
dose adjustment based on assessment of the adequacy of analgesic effect versus the side effects produced
the conversion of a mechanical, thermal, or chemical stimulus into a neuronal action potential
movement of pain impulses from the site of transduction to the brain
trigger point
a circumscribed hypersensitive area within a tight band of muscle that is caused by acute or chronic muscle strain