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39 Cards in this Set

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Causes upper airway obstruction, hypercarbia, and hypoxia
Obstructive sleep apnea
Antigen-Antibody reactions typically are responsible for this chronic airflow problem
Athsma
Characterized by mucous gland hypertrophy, excess mucous production, and increased airway production
Chronic bronchitis
Chronic bronchitis & emphysema
COPD
Hallmark sign of left-sided heart failure
Pink, frothy sputum
A potential lethal complication of pericarditis that is often overlooked. (It suffocates the heart and it can't beat)
Cardiac tamponade
Patients with inadequate pump function cannot tolerate excess volume. If a heart patient has gained 10 lb.
1L = 1kg 1kg = 2.2lb
Heart failure watch for Na, K, Digoxin and BNP (Beta natriatic peptide) which shows fluid overload (preload-afterload) levels
Treated with diuretics
Peripheral edema, enlarged liver, JVD, nocturia, weight gain, anorexia
Features of right-sided heart failure
Urine output 400-600 mL/day (to get rid of wastes)
Obligatory
Aldosterone, ADH, and BNP
Hormones that maintain fluid
The infection with gastritis
H-pylori
Type of hernia that cuts off blood supply
Strangulated
Trousseau's and Chvostek's signs
Signs of hypocalcemia
2 primary risk factors associated with squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus
Tobacco & alcohol use
Considered to be premalignant cells, this columnar epithelium is substituted by the body in the esophagus to support healing & tolerance of gastric acid
Barrett's esophagus
Mixed acidosis seen in HF (scenario)
Choking victim in full cardiac arrest
An effective drug treatment for hyperkalemia other than kayexalate
Insulin IVP & D50
3 interventions for hypernatremia
Diuretics, dietary, hypotonic 0.45 (D5W), free water

[reverse for hyponatremia]
50 units of insulin
Max dose in one injection
Post-op AAA watch for
Graft occlusion

(check neurovascular in lower extremities)
Watch for this in long bone fracture
Fat embolism
2 random blood sugars and 2 fasting >126
Diagnostic to diabetes
6 P's
Pain, pallow, pulselessness, parasthesia, paralysis, & poikothermia
Severe type, morning headaches, blurred vision, dyspnea, rapid onset, younger pts., BP>200, medical emergency.
Malignant hypertension
Bleeding, swelling, can cause permanent nerve damage
Acute Compartment syndrome
Sedation where patient can maintain airway
Conscious sedation
Where the patient is identified, surgery type...etc (during surgery)
Time out
Cancer that affects school age children
Ewing's sarcoma
Open fractures may lead to this
Osteomyelitis
Middle aged females and people who are on thyroid treatments are most prone to this
Osteoporosis
Filter that catches clots
IVC Filter - Inferior Vena Cava Filter
Limit of cholesterol per day
300mg/day
Caused by total or partial lack of insulin, fruity breath, glucose >300, death is 10%, Kussmal respirations is this
DKA - diabetic ketoacidosis
Treatment for osteomyelitis
Antibiotics
Strokes, mysathenia gravis & ALS cause this kind of respiration failure
Ventilatory

(PE causes perfusion resp. failure / COPD causes diffusion resp. failure)
Medulla is controlled by O2 level
Hypoxic drive
-itis makes the body...
acidosis
These electrolytes are opposite
Phosphorus & Calcium