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109 Cards in this Set

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diabete insipidus
disorder or insufficient secretion of antodiuretic hormone by the posterior portion of the potuitary gland
diebetes mellitus
chronic metabolic disorder of impaired carbohydrate, protein, and fat metabolism due to insufficient secreation of insulin resistence or insulin resistence of target tissue
electrolytes
mineral salt that carry an electrical charge in solution
glucagen
increase the blood glucose level by stimulating the liver to change stored glyogen into glucose
glucose
simple sugar that is the end product of carbohyddrate digestion
hormone
chemical substance pruduced by cell of the body that released slowly into bloodstream
hyperglycemia
great than normal amount of sugar in blood
indopathic
disease without recognizable cause
mimetic
imitation or simulation of certain effect
sympathomimetic
agent the mimics the effects of the syumpathic nervous system
Antidiurectic hormone (ADH)
increases water reabsortion
-hyposecreatin causes diebetes insipidus
-hper cause (SIADH)
oxytocin
cause uterine contractions and promotes breast milk production
Adrenocortocotropic hormone
(ACTH)
promotes secretion of some hormones by adrenal cortex

hyper cases Cushing
follicle-stimulating hormone
(FSH)
cause sperm and egg production

hypo cause failur of saxual maturation
Growth Hormone (GH)
Bstimulates somatic growth increase use of fat
Luteinizing hormone (LM)
females-promoses ovulation
male-promotes testorerone

hypo-cause sexaul failure
Prolactin
promotes lactation

hypo-little milk
hyper-galactorrhea
Thyriod-stimulating hormone
(TSM)
stimulates secretion of thryroid hormone
calcition
regulates calcium
Parathryriod hormone (PTM)
increases calcium qand phosphate absortion in kidneys,bones, and s. intestines
Mineralocorticoids
need for life regulates sodium and potassium balance
Glurcorticoids
influeces the metabolism of fats, carbs , and protein

cortisiol mainly
epinephine and noropinephrine
important in pain responce
pituitory hormones are
adernocorticortropic
follicle stimulation
growth
luteinizing
prolactin
thyroid-stimulating
thryroid hormones
calcition
thyrixine
adrenal
glucocorticiods
mineralcorticods
epinephrin and noropinephine
glucagen
raise blood glucose
insulin
lowers blood glucose
adren/o
adrenal
andrenal glands
adrenomegaly
enlargement of adrenal gland
adrenalectomy
excision of adrenal gland
calc/o
calcium
crin/o
secrete
endocrinology
study of endocrin glands
gluc/o
glycos/0
glyc/o
sugar, sweet
home/o
same
kal/i
potassium
pancreat/o
pancrease
pancreatotomy
incision of pancrease
parathyriod/o
parathryriod
parathryriodectomy
excision of the parathroid
thym/o
thymus gland
thymoma
thymus gland cancer
thyr/o
throid/o
throid gland
thyromeggaly
enlargement of thyroid gland
hyperthyriodism
condition characterized by hyperactive thryriod gland
toxic/o
poisen
crine
secrete
endocrine
secrete internally or within
dispsia
thrist
polydipsia
excessive thrist
gen
forming, producing, origin
androgen
any streid hormone that increase manlyness
thryotoxic
marked by toxic activity of thriod gland
eu
good
exo
outside, outward
exocrine
secrete outwardly
hyperglcemia
icreased blood glucose
hypoinsulinism
deficiency of incilins in cells
poly
many
acromegaly
disorder marked by enlargement and thinking of bones
diuresis
abnormal large amounts of urine
glucagon
hormone srecrede by pancreatic cewll increase blood glucose levels
glycouria
glucose in urine
graves disease
disorder charactied by pronouced enlargemnt hyperthriodism usally associated with enlargement of thriod gland
hypercalcemia
to much calcium in blood
hyperkalemia
to much potassium in blood
hypervolemia
increase in amount of plasma in blood
hypertremia
low sodium in blood
insulinoma
tomar of the islets of langerhans of the pancreas
panhypopopuitarism
total pituitary that brings about a progession of general loss of hormones
pheochromocytoma
small chromaffin cell tomar
throid strorm
crisis of uncontrolled hyperthyriodism caused by the release into the bloodstream of throid hormon
virile
having characteristic of a man
virilism
maculating women
exophthalmometry
test measuring the degree of forward displacement of eyeball
fasting glucose test
test to measure glucose 12 hr after last meal
glucose tolerance test
test that measures the bodys ablity to use glucose measuring blood and urine levals
insulin tolerance test
test used to test insulin levls in blood by giving patent glucose
protien bound iodine
test the measures concertration of thyroxine in the blood
thryroid fuction test
test the determines increase or deceases in throid function
computer tomogram
imaging techique by rotating an x ray arround to scan for intensity or transmitting rays from different angles
microneorosugy of pituitary gland
microdissection of tumor using binoculars surgical microscope
parathroidectomy
excision of one or more of parathroid
pinaelectomy
removal of pineal body
thymeectomy
excision of thymus gland
throidectomy
excision of thyriod gland
oral antidiabetics
stimulates pancreas to produce more insulin and increase the number of insulin receptors
antithryroids
treat hyperthryriodism by impeding formation of t3 and t4
corticosteriods
replaces hormones lost by adrenal
thyroid supplement
replacement of supplements throid homones
ACTH
adrenocorticotropic hormone
ADH
antiduirectic
BMR
basal metabolic rate
DI
DIABETES INSIPDUS
DKA
DIABETES KETOACIDOSIS
DM
DIABETES MELLITUS
FSH
FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE
GH
GROWTH HORMONE
IDDM
INSULIN DEPENDENT DIABETES MELLITUS
K
POTASSIUM
NIDDM
NON INSULIN DEPENDENT DIABETES MELLITUS
NPH NEUTRAL PROTAMINE HAGEDORN
NEUTRAL PROTAMINE HAGEDORN
PRL
PROLACTINS
PGH
PITUITARY HORMONES
PTH
PARATHROID HORMONES
RAI
RADIOACTIVE IODINE
TFT
THYRIOD FUCTION TEST
TSH
THRIOD STIMULATION HORMONE