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34 Cards in this Set

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Spectrum in which all wavelengths of a given range are included
V
Separates white light into its components by wavelength
diffraction grating
The only portion of the electromagnetic spectrum visible to the human eye
Visible region
An example of a diffraction grating.
prism
thhe color in the visible specttrum with the shortest wavelenth & highest frequency.
blue
The only color n ot absorbed by yellow light.
yellow
The color in the visible spectrum with the longest wavelength & lowest frequency.
red
Proccess that occurs when an electron loses energy anad moves to a lower energy level within an atom.
emission
Lowest energy stat of an atom
ground
Process that occrs when an electron gain energy and moves to a higher energy level within ann atom
absorption
Distance between corresponding points on adjacent waves.
Wavelenght
Symbol for frequency.
v
An atomic fingerprint.
line-emission spectra
Number of waves that pass a point in a specified amounth of time.
frequency
Sybbol for wavelengthh
(GIMEL SIGN)
A raised state of energy in an atom
excited
Units used to measure frequence
Hertz
The product of wavelength times frequency
speed of light
__________ is the capacity to do work.
Energy
Sunlight is an example of ______ energy
radiant
The three main fossil fusil fuels that suppy 90% of our energy requirements include ______.________,______
Coal, Ooil, Natural Gas
_____ IS the energy of motion.
Kineetic
___________is the energy of position
Potential
The SI unit of energy is the _______
joule
______________states that energy cannot be created or destroyed.
Law of Conservation of Energy
Energy asssociated with macroscopic particles is called ________ energy
Mechanical
Energy associated with submicrosopic particles is called _________energy
Non-Michanical
Force times distance is called _______
Work
Burning gas to drive a car (Transfer)?
a. Thermal to mechanical to electrical
b.mechanical to heat
c. chemical to thermal to mechanical
(C) chemical to thermal to mechanical
friction
a.ligh to chemical
b.mechanical to heat
c. thermal to mechanical to electrical
b mechanical to heat
photosynthesis
a. Chemical to thermal to mechanical
b. chemical to electrical to light
c. light to chemical
C. light to chemical
electric mixer
a.electrical to mechanical
b.thhermal to mechanical to electrical
c. light to chemical
a. electrica l to mechanical
steam turbine making electricity
a. chemical to electrical to light
b. thermal to mechanical to electrical
c. chemical to thermal to m echanical
thermal to mechanical to electrical
(b)
flashlight
a. electrical to mechanical
b. mechanical to heat.
c. chemical to electrical to light.
(C) chemical to electrical to light.