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67 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
anatomy
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physiology
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chemical level
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cellular level
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tissue level
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organ level
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system level
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organism level
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interaction of structure and function
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anabolism
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ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
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atom
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atrophy
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cardiac muscle fibers
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catabolism
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cell
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collagen
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connective tissue
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elastic fibers
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epithelial tissues
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gross anatomy
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hypertrophy
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interphase
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matrix
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meiosis
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membrane
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metabolism
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mitosis
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molecule
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muscle tissue
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organelles
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physiology
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regional anatomy
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reticular fibers
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skeletal muscle fibers
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smooth muscle fibers
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surface anatomy
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systemic anatomy
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tissues
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histology
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epithelial
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connective
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muscular
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nervous
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organs
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musculoskeletal
bones, ligaments, skeletal muscles, tendons, joints

muscular: produces body movements, stabilizes posture, produces body heat

skeletal: supports and protects body; aids movements, houses cells that give rise to blood cells, stores minerals and fats
nervous
brain, spinal cord, nerves, special sense organs

regulates body activities through nerve impulses by detecting changes in the body's internal and/or external environment and reacting by causing muscle contractions or glandular secretions
cardiovascular
heart, arteries, veins, capillaries, blood

carries oxygen and nutrients to cells and carbon dioxide and other wastes away from cells; helps regulate acidity, temperature, and water content in bodily fluids; blood components aid immunity and repair of damaged blood vessels
lymphatic
lymphatic fluid and vessels, lymph nodes, spleen, tonsils, thymus gland, bone marrow

protects against disease-causing organisms; returns proteins and other substances to blood and carries lipids from GI tract to blood
digestive
mouth, tongue, teeth, salivary glands, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestines, liver, gallbladder, pancreas

absorption of nutrients by physical and chemical breakdown of food and elimination of waste
respiratory
nasal cavity, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs, diaphragm, pharynx

transfers oxygen from inhaled air to the blood and carbon dioxide from blood to exhaled air; helps regulate pH of body fluids; allows vocal cords to produce sound through air flowing out of lungs
urinary
kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra

produces, stores, and eliminates waste products through urine; regulates blood volume, composition, and mineral balance; aids in red blood cell productions
endocrine
endocrine glands: hypothalamus, hypophysis (pituitary), thyroid, thymus, parathyroid, pineal, adrenal, pancreas, gonads (ovary or testis)

regulates body activities through release of hormones
reproductive
female: ovaries, uterine tubes (oviducts), uterus, vagina; male: testes, penis, prostate gland, seminal vesicles, spermatic ducts

produces gametes in gonads for reproduction; regulates reproduction and other processes through release of hormones
integumentary
skin, hair, nails, sebaceous glands, sweat glands, breasts

protects body; helps regulate body temperature, waste elimination, production of vitamin D, detects sensations such as hot, cold, pain, etc.
body cavities
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ventral and dorsal regions
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cranial cavity
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vertebral cavity
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thoracic
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abdominal
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pelvic cavities
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cervical region
the neck
thoracic region
the chest
lumbar region
the loin
sacral region
the sacrum
coccyx
the tailbone