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6 Cards in this Set

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FSH
Follicle Stimulating Hormone
in AP

ovaries - stimulates development of eggs and follicles

testes - stimulates production of sperm
None
LH
Lutienizing Hormone
in AP

females - stimulates ovulation and corpus luteum to secrete progesterone and estrogen

males - stimulates interstitial cells of testes to secrete testosterone
None
ACTH or corticotropin
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
secreted from AP in response to corticotropin-releasing hormone from the hypothalamus

corticotropin-releasing hormone is secreted in response to many types of stress

stimulates adrenal cortex to secrete of corticosteroids that regulate glucose, fat & protein metabolism
None
TSH
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone
in AP

stimulates growth of gland and secretion of thyroid hormone (TH)
None
PRL
Prolactin
in AP

female - milk synthesis after delivery

male - LH sensitivity, thus ­ testosterone secretion
None
GH or somatotropin
Growth Hormone
in AP

promotes tissue growth

Protein metabolism - stimulates protein anabolism
increased amino acid uptake, increased protein synthesis decreased oxidation of proteins

Fat metabolism - enhances the utilization of fat by stimulating triglyceride breakdown and oxidation in adipocytes

Carbohydrate metabolism - one of a battery of hormones that serves to maintain blood glucose within a normal range

often said to have anti-insulin activity, because it supresses the abilities of insulin to stimulate uptake of glucose in peripheral tissues and enhance glucose synthesis in the liver.

Somewhat paradoxically, administration of growth hormone stimulates insulin secretion, leading to hyperinsulinemia.
None