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98 Cards in this Set

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Comes to prominence for letter he wrote on the way to Rome to be "devoured by Wild beasts."
Ignatius of Antioch
First Christian writer outside of the Bible to stress the Virgin birth.
Ignatius of Antioch
Was the first to talk about the "catholic" church.
Ignatius of Antioch
Ignatius of Antioch is thought to have been a disciple of the ______.
Apostle John
Second or third Bishop of Antioch
Ignatius of Antioch
Ignatius of Antioch was condemned to death under the rule of _______.
Trajan
Ignatius of Antioch made a strong stand against the heresy of _______.
Docetism
View that Jesus only seemed to be human and that he only seemed to suffer on the cross.
Docetism
Because it is believed he knew John and the other disciples of Christ, Polycarp is known as one of the ________.
"Apostolic Fathers"
A letter to him, from Ignatius of Antioch, is still in existence.
Polycarp
Apostolic father who had a strong opinion on the date for Easter.
Polycarp
Polycarp's date for Easter was based on the fact that he believed Easter was the ______.
Christian Passover
Roman governor offered to let him live if he would just deny Christ.
Polycarp
"Eighty-six years I have been his servant and he has done me no wrong. How can I blaspheme my King who saved me?"
Polycarp
Irenaeus was his disciple.
Polycarp
Irenaeus was important for attacking the ____.
Gnostics
Heretics who believed Salvation could be achieved through knowledge.
Gnostics
Did not believe that Christ was really God, they denied that he rose from the grave, and they denied that the world was created by one God.
Gnostics
Gnostics had lots of various beliefs they claimed had been handed down to them secretly by one or other of the ________.
Apostles
He claimed he could trace the churches teaching back to the original apostles.
Iraneus
Introduced the principle of apostolic succession.
Iraneus
Claimed only Polycarp & John separated him from Christ.
Iraneus
First to state that; Mathew, Mark, Luke, & John were the only true Gospels.
Iraneus
First to say that the writings of the New Testament were on the same level of authority as the Old Testament.
Iraneus
Iraneus taught that the New Testament should be treated as Holy Scripture because the Christian faith fulfilled what was said in _____.
the Old Testament
Coined the term Trinity.
Tertullian
First major Theologian to write in Latin.
Tertullian
Stressed the monarchy of God and maintained that God was "one."
Monarchians
They came up with the idea that there was only one person of the Godhead, that just carried out different functions.
Monarchians
Tertullian refuted the Monarchians by saying that God is _________.
One substance in three persons.
First to write a theological work about baptism.
Tertullian
First to write a Christian book on psychology.
Tertullian
Tertullian was against infant baptism because he believed at baptism a chasm was crossed and Christians _______.
did not need to sin
Tertullian believed sin committed after baptism was ___________.
unforgivable
Tertullian's book aimed at the Romans, defended the right of Christians to play their part in society.
Apology
He asked "what has Athens got to do with Jerusalem?"
Tertullian
Movement flirted with by Tertullian and branded as heretical by Pope Callistus.
Montanism
Movement that stressed purity and discipline, but also had apocalyptic features. Stressedd the ministry of the Paraclete & ecstatic prophecy.
Montanism
Described as the "father of Latin Theology."
Tertullian
Most likely to say; These Romans have got it in for us.
Tertullian
Leading thinker of the early church later condemned as a heretic.
Origen
Got a job from Demetrius, bishop of Alexandria, heading up the Catechetical school.
Origen
Was eventually sacked and defrocked by Demetrius
Origen
Set up his own school in Caesarea.
Origen
He defended the Trinity, opposed monarchianism, and taught that the son was eternally begotten.
Origen
Taught that the father is the son. (belief system)
Monarchianism
Had the idea that everything was created eternally and that as these eternal souls moved away from God they became cold + Hard.
Origen
Believed moving away from God caused all eternal souls to fall; some fell to be Angels, others demons and still others to be humans depending on how far they fell.
Origen
He believed salvation was the reversal of falling away from God.
Origen
He believed at the conclusion of history everything and everyone would be reconciled to God, even the devil.
Origen
Belief that everyone would be reconciled to God.
Universalism
Early Church leader who's Universalism was denounced by the Church.
Origen
Believed that evil was non-being
Origen
Believed punishment was psychological anguish.
Origen
Believed that the Son was inferior to the father (and so we should pray to father through the son).
Origen
He believed in three levels of understanding the bible; Plain literal, moral application, & allegorical sense.
Origen
His "First Principles" may have been the first attempt at a systematic Theology.
Origen
This creed written around 500 was a strong defense of the orthodox doctrine of the Trinity.
Athanasian Creed
The Athanasian creed was not written by _____.
Athanasius
Bishop of Axexandria who devoted a large part of his ministry to fighting the Arian heresy.
Athanasius
A priest who taught that only God the Father was divine. His followers claimed Christ was not divine.
Arius
Athanasius held that God-father, Son, and Spirit- was of ___________.
one divine nature or being.
Was charged with conduct unbecoming of a bishop because he was so violent in his treatment of clergy who disagreed with him.
Athanasius
Had a conflict with Constantine over the reconciliation of repentent Arians.
Athanasius
It paved the way for the Nicene Creed, made clear the doctrines of the Trinity & the incarnation.
Athanasian Creed
In a letter he wrote in 367, he listed the books (for the first time) agreed to be the genuinely holy ones in the New Testament.
Athanasius
The books we accept as the "Canon" first appeared listed in a letter written in the year _______.
A.D. 367
When he wrote "A Life of St. Anthony" while on an exhile the book led to the spread of the idea of Monasticism.
Athanasius
Books agreed to be holy ones in the New Testament.
The Canon
Egyptian priest, rocked the church. Died in the streets in 336.
Arius
He taught that Jesus was not the eternal Son of God, but merely a heavenly being, granted the status of "son."
Arius
Arch-enemy of Athanasius.
Arius
Council called to sort out the controversy between Arius and Athanasius.
Council of Nicaea
Date of the council of Nicaea.
A.D. 325
Ruled that Christ and the father were of "one substance."
Council of Nicaea
Was excommunicated and banished after the Council of Nicaea.
Arius
Allowed Arians to return to the church.
Constantine
When Constantine died the new emperor Constantius, was an ____.
Arian
Appeared for a time to be victorious over the one substance view.
Arianism
The councils of Rimini and Seleucia said the Son was _______.
"like the Father"
Arianism won the battle but _______.
lost the war
Gregory of Nazianzus, Basil of Caesarea, Gregory of Nyssa
Cappadocian fathers
Famous for their teaching on the Trinity.
Cappadocian fathers
The Cappadocian fathers opposed _____.
Arianism
"The Theologian" 329-390
Gregory of Nazianzus
Did become the bishop at Constantinople, having made the Nicene faith the orthodoxy of the church.
Gregory of Nazianzus
The Gregories led the attack against heresy and they won HERE.
Council of Constantinople
At the Council of Constantinople, the Gregories had a creed agreed, which some theologians identify as the ________..
Nicene Creed
Theological significance of the Cappadocian Fathers.
Defended the Trinity
Wrote a book "That there are not Three Gods."
Gregory of Nyssa
They drew together two teachings one; that the Father and Son are one substance, and two; that the Father, Son and Spirit are three beings.
Cappadocian Fathers
The combined teaching that the Father and Son are one and that the Father, Son & Holy Spirit are three beings.
Doctrine of the Trinity
First to teach that the Father, Son and Spirit are three beings.
Origen
Wrote against the Macedonians.
Cappadocian Fathers
Accepted the diety of the Son but argued that the Holy Spirit was not part of the Godhead.
Macedonians
Gregory of Nazianzus was forceful in calling the Holy Spirit ________.
God
Denied that Jesus had a human soul.
Apollinarianism
Apollinarianism did not survive the attacks of the Cappadocian Fathers at the ______.
Council of Constantinople