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69 Cards in this Set

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anthrax
A zoonosis caused by Bacillus anthracis that exists in cutaneous, respiratory (“woolsorters disease”), or intestinal forms; transmitted by endospores
aplastic crisis
A period during which erythrocyte production ceases
babesiosis
A protozoan disease caused by the apicomplexan Babesia microti and other species of Babesia
bacillary angiomatosis
A disease of the small blood vessels of the skin and internal organs caused by the rickettsial organism Bartonella hensalae
bacterial endocarditis
(also called infective endocarditis) A life-threatening infection and inflammation of the lining and valves of the heart
bartonellosis
Rickettsial disease, caused by Bartonella bacilliformis, that occurs in two forms (see also Oroya fever and verruga)
blackwater fever
Malaria caused by Plasmodium falciparum that results in jaundice and kidney damage
Bolivian hemorrhagic fever
A multisystem disease caused by an arenavirus with insidious onset and progressive effects
Brill-Zinsser disease
(also called recrudescent typhus) A recurrence of an epidemic typhus infection caused by reactivation of latent organisms harbored in the lymph nodes
brucellosis
(also called undulant fever and Malta fever) A zoonosis highly infective for humans, caused by any of several species of Brucella
bubo
Enlargement of infected lymph nodes, especially in the groin and armpit, due to accumulation of pus; characteristic of bubonic plague and other diseases
bubonic plague
A bacterial disease, caused by Yersinia pestis and transmitted by flea bites, that spreads in the blood and lymphatic system
Burkitt’s lymphoma
A tumor of the jaw, seen mainly in African children; caused by the Epstein-Barr virus
canine parvovirus
A parvovirus that causes severe disease in dogs
capillary
A blood vessel that branches from an arteriole
cardiovascular system
Body system that supplies oxygen and nutrients to all parts of the body and removes carbon dioxide and other wastes from them
Chagas’ disease
Disease caused by Trypanosoma cruzi that occurs in the southern United States and is endemic to Mexico; transmitted by several kinds of reduviid bugs
chronic fatigue syndrome
(previously called chronic EBV syndrome) Disease of uncertain origin similar to mononucleosis with symptoms including persistent fatigue and fever
Colorado tick fever
Disease caused by an orbivirus carried by dog ticks, characterized by headache, backache, and fever
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD)
A transmissible spongiform encephalopathy of the human brain caused by prions
dengue fever
(also called breakbone fever) Viral systemic disease that causes severe bone and joint pain
ehrlichiosis
A tick-borne disease found in dogs and humans and caused by Ehrlichia canis and E. chaeffeensis
electrolyte
A substance that is ionizable in solution
elephantiasis
Gross enlargement of limbs, scrotum, and sometimes other body parts from accumulation of fluid due to blockage of lymph ducts by the helminth Wuchereria bancrofti
endemic relapsing fever
Tick-borne cases of relapsing fever caused by several species of Borrelia
endemic typhus
(also called murine typhus) A flea-borne typhus caused by Rickettsia typhi
epidemic relapsing fever
Louseborne cases of relapsing fever caused by several species of Borrelia
epidemic typhus
(also called classic, European, or louseborne typhus) Louseborne rickettsial disease caused by Rickettsia prowazekii, seen most frequently in conditions of overcrowding and poor sanitation
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)
Virus that causes infectious mononucleosis and Burkitt’s lymphoma
feline panleukopenia virus (FPV)
A parvovirus that causes severe disease in cats
Fifth disease
(also called erythema infectiosum) A normal disease in children caused by the Erythrovirus called B19; characterized by a bright red rash on the cheeks and a low-grade fever
filariasis
Disease of the blood and lymph caused by any of several different roundworms carried by mosquitos
infectious mononucleosis
An acute disease that affects many systems, caused by the Epstein-Barr virus
ischemia
Reduced blood flow to tissues with oxygen and nutrient deficiency and waste accumulation
kala azar
Visceral leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania donovani
Lassa fever
Hemorrhagic fever, caused by arenaviruses, that begins with pharyngeal lesions and proceeds to severe liver damage
leishmaniasis
A parasitic systemic disease caused by three species of protozoa of the genus Leishmania and transmitted by sandflies
Lyme disease
Disease caused by Borrelia burgdorferi, carried by the deer tick
lymphangitis
Symptom of septicemia in which red streaks due to inflamed lymphatics appear beneath the skin
malaria
A severe parasitic disease caused by several species of the protozoan Plasmodium and transmitted by mosquitos
multiple-tube fermentation method
Threestep method of testing for coliform bacteria in drinking water
myocarditis
An inflammation of the heart muscle
nitrogen cycle
Process by which nitrogen moves from the atmosphere through various organisms and back into the atmosphere
nitrogenase
Enzyme in nitrogen-fixing bacteroids that catalyzes the reaction of nitrogen gas and hydrogen gas to form ammonia
orbivirus
Type of virus that causes Colorado tick fever
Oroya fever
(also called Carrion’s disease) One form of bartonellosis; an acute fatal fever with severe anemia
pericarditis
An inflammation of the protective membrane around the heart
petechia
(plural: petechiae) A pinpoint-size hemorrhage, most common in skin folds, that often occurs in rickettsial diseases
phlebovirus
Bunyavirus that is carried by the sandfly Phlebotomus papatsii
pneumonic plague
Usually fatal form of plague transmitted by aerosol droplets from a coughing patient
producer
(also called autotroph) Organism that captures energy from the sun and synthesizes food
puerperal fever
(also called childbed fever or puerperal sepsis) Disease caused by _- hemolytic streptococci, which are normal vaginal and respiratory microbiota that can be introduced during child delivery by medical personnel
relapsing fever
Disease caused by various species of Borrelia, most commonly by B. recurrentis; transmitted by lice
Rh antigen
An antigen found on some red blood cells; discovered in the cells of Rhesus monkeys
Rickettsiae or Rickettsias
Small, nonmotile, Gram-negative organisms; obligate intracellular parasites of mammalian and arthropod cells
RNA polymerase
An enzyme that binds to one strand of exposed DNA during transcription and catalyzes the synthesis of RNA from the DNA template
schistosomiasis
(also called bilharzia) Disease of the blood and lymph caused by blood fluke of the genus Schistosoma
scrub typhus
(also called tsutsugamushi disease) A typhus caused by Rickettsia tsutsugamushi; transmitted by mites that feed on rats
septic shock
A life-threatening septicemia with low blood pressure and blood-vessel collapse, caused by endotoxins
septicemic plague
Fatal form of plague that occurs when bubonic plague bacteria move from the lymphatics to the circulatory system
toxoplasmosis
Disease caused by the protozoan Toxoplasma gondii that can cause congenital defects in newborns
transovarian transmission
Passing of pathogen from one generation of ticks to the next as eggs leave the ovaries
trench fever
(also called shinbone fever) Rickettsial disease, caused by Rochalimaea quintana, resembling epidemic typhus in that it is transmitted by lice and is prevalent during wars and under unsanitary conditions
tularemia
Zoonosis caused by Franciscella tularensis, most often associated with cottontail rabbits
typhoidal tularemia
Septicemia that resembles typhoid fever, caused by bacteremia from tularemia lesions
ulceroglandular
Referrring to the form of tularemia caused by entry of Franciscella tularensis through the skin and characterized by ulcers on the skin and enlarged regional lymph nodes
vegetation
A growth that forms on damaged heart valve surfaces in bacterial endocarditis; exposed collagen fibers elicit fibrin deposits, and transient bacteria attach to the fibrin
verruga peruana
One form of bartonellosis; a chronic nonfatal skin disease
yellow fever
Viral systemic disease found in tropical areas, carried by the mosquito Aedes aegypti