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84 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Skin condition caused by bacterial infection of hair follicles and the ducts of sebaceous glands
(also called farmer’s lung disease) Skin infection caused by various species of Aspergillus, which can cause severe pneumonia in immunosuppressed patients
athlete’s foot
(also called tinea pedis) A form of ringworm in which hyphae invade the skin between the toes, causing dry, scaly lesions
bacterial conjunctivitis
(also called pinkeye) A highly contagious inflammation of the conjunctiva caused by various bacterial species
blackfly fever
Illness resulting from bites by blackflies, characterized by an inflammatory reaction, nausea, and headache
blastomycetic dermatitis
Fungal skin disease caused by Blastomyces dermatitidis; characterized by disfiguring, granulomatous, pus-producing lesions
Fungal skin disease caused by Blastomyces dermatitidis that enters the body through wounds
(also called moniliasis) A yeast infection caused by Candida albicans that appears as thrush (in the mouth) or vaginitis
A massive pus-filled lesion resulting from an infection, particularly of the neck and upper back
cat scratch fever
A disease caused by Afipia felis or, more commonly, Bartonella (Rochalimaea) henselae and transmitted in cat scratches and bites
central nervous system
The brain and spinal cord
A highly contagious disease, characterized by skin lesions, caused by the varicella-zoster herpesvirus; usually occurs in children
chigger dermatitis
A violent allergic reaction caused by chiggers, the larvae of Trombicula mites
congenital rubella syndrome
Complication of German measles causing death or damage to a developing embryo infected by virus that crosses the placenta
Mucous membranes of the eye
The transparent part of the eyeball exposed to the environment
Disease caused by the vaccinia virus and characterized by lesions, inflammation of lymph nodes, and fever; virus is used to make vaccine against smallpox and monkeypox
crepitant tissue
Distorted tissue caused by gas bubbles in gas gangrene
Surgical scraping to remove the thick crust or scab that forms over burnt tissue (eschar)
dermal wart
Wart resulting from the viral infection of epithelial cells
A fungal skin disease
A fungus that invades keratinized tissue of the skin and nails
The thick inner layer of the skin
Skin disease caused by a parasitic helminth, the guinea worm Dracunculus medinensis
epidemic keratoconjunctivitis (EKC)
(sometimes called shipyard eye) Eye disease caused by an adenovirus
The thin outer layer of the skin
(also called St. Anthony’s fire) Infection caused by hemolytic streptococci that spreads through lymphatics, resulting in septicemia and other diseases
The thick crust or scab that forms over a severe burn
A skin rash
(also called pimple or pustule) Local infection produced when hair follicles are invaded by pathogenic bacteria
(also called a boil) A large, deep, pus-filled infection
gas gangrene
A deep wound infection, destructive of tissue, often caused by a combination of two or more species of Clostridium
genital wart
(also called condyloma) An often malignant wart associated with sexually transmitted viral disease having a very high association rate with cervical cancer
human papillomavirus (HPV)
Virus that attacks skin and mucous membranes, causing papillomas or warts
A highly contagious pyoderma caused by staphylococci, streptococci, or both
inclusion body
(1) An aggregation of reticulate bodies within chlamydias. (2) A form of cytopathic effect consisting of viral components, masses of viruses, or remnants of viruses
A waterproofing protein found in epidermal cells
An inflammation of the cornea
Koplik’s spots
Red spots with central bluish specks that appear on the upper lip mucosa in early stages of measles
lacrimal gland
Tear-producing gland of the eye
Tropical eye disease caused by the filarial worm Loa loa
Madura foot
(also called maduromycosis) Tropical disease caused by a variety of soil organisms (fungi and actinomycetes) that often enter the skin through bare feet
measles encephalitis
A serious complication of measles that leaves many survivors with permanent brain damage
(also called rubeola) A febrile disease with rash caused by the rubeola virus, which invades lymphatic tissue and blood
molluscum contagiosum
A viral infection characterized by flesh-colored, painless lesions
(also known as river blindness) An eye disease caused by the filarial larvae of the nematode Onchocerca volvulus, transmitted by blackflies; common in Africa and Central America
opthalmia neonatorium
Pyrogenic infection of the eyes caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae (also known as conjunctivitis of the newborn)
Lice infestation, resulting in reddened areas at bites, dermatitis, and itch
A pus-producing skin infection caused by staphylococci, streptococci, and corynebacteria, singly or in combination
rat bite fever
A disease caused by Streptobacillus moniliformis transmitted by bites from wild and laboratory rats
restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP)
A short piece of DNA snipped out by restriction enzymes
An antibacterial agent that inhibits ribonucleic acid (RNA) synthesis
Rift Valley fever
Disease caused by bunyaviruses that occurs in epidemics
Virus transmitted by the fecaloral route that replicates in the intestine, causing diarrhea and enteritis
(also called nematode) A worm with a long, cylindrical, unsegmented body and a heavy cuticle
rule of octets
Principle that an element is chemically stable if it contains eight electrons in its outer shell
A group of eight cocci in a cubicle packet
(also called sarcoptic mange) Highly contagious skin disease caused by the itch mite Sarcoptes scabiei
scalded skin syndrome
Infection caused by staphylococci consisting of large, soft vesicles over the whole body
scarlet fever
(sometimes called scarlatina) Infection caused by Streptococcus pyogenes that produces an erythrogenic toxin
sebaceous gland
Epidermal structure, associated with hair follicles, that secretes an oily substance called sebum
Oily substance secreted by the sebaceous glands
Sporadic disease caused by reactivation of varicella-zoster herpesvirus that appears most frequently in older and immunocompromised individuals
A formerly worldwide and serious viral disease that has now been eradicated
spirillar fever
A form of rat bite fever, caused by Spirillum minor, first described as sodoku in Japan
Fungal skin disease caused by Sporothrix schenckii that often enters the body from plants
Aerotolerant anaerobes that form pairs, tetrads, or chains by dividing in one or two planes; most lack the enzyme catalase
An infection at the base of an eyelash
subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE)
A complication of measles, nearly always fatal, that is due to the persistence of measles viruses in brain tissue
sweat gland
Epidermal structure that empties a watery secretion through pores in the skin
swimmer’s itch
Skin reaction to cercariae of some species of the helminth Schistosoma
systemic blastomycosis
Disease resulting from invasion by Blastomyces dermatitides of internal organs, especially the lungs
Milky patches of inflammation on oral mucous membranes; a symptom of candidiasis, caused by Candida albicans
tick paralysis
A disease characterized by fever and paralysis due to anticoagulants and toxins secreted into a tick’s bite via the ectoparasite’s saliva
tinea barbae
Barber’s itch; a type of ringworm that causes lesions in the beard
tinea capitis
Scalp ringworm, a form of ringworm in which hyphae grow in hair follicles, often leaving circular patterns of baldness
tinea corporis
Body ringworm, a form of ringworm that causes ringlike lesions with a central scaly area
tinea cruris
(also called jock itch) Groin ringworm, a form of ringworm that occurs in skin folds in the pubic region
tinea unguium
A form of ringworm that causes hardening and discoloration of fingernails and toenails
Eye disease caused by Chlamydia trachomatis that can result in blindness
Vaginal infection, often caused by opportunistic organisms that multiply when the normal vaginal microflora are disturbed by antibiotics or other factors
varicella-zoster virus (VZV)
A herpesvirus that causes both chickenpox and shingles
water cycle
(also called the hydrologic cycle) Process by which water is recycled through precipitation, ingestion by organisms, respiration, and evaporation
Disease in which certain fungi of the genera Mucor and Rhizopus invade lungs, the central nervous system, and tissues of the eye orbit