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9 Cards in this Set

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the primary stain that stains both gram-positive and gram-negative cells purple because dye enters the cytoplasm of both types of cells
crystal violet
the mordant that forms large crystals with the dye that are too large to escape through the cell wall
iodine
the counter-stain that turns the gram-negative bacteria, that are colorless after the alcohol wash, cells pink
safranin
the decolorizer that dehydrates the peptidoglycan of gram-positive cells to make it more impermeable to the crystal violet-iodine
alcohol
a differential stain which differentiates bacteria into distinctive groups
acid-fast stain
what two diseases can be diagnosed using the acid-fast stain
tuberculosis and leprosy
a degree to which a pathogen can cause disease
virulence
a special resistant, dormant structure formed within a cell that protects a bacterium from adverse environmental conditions
endospore
what is the standard unit of length
meter (m)