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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the common names for:
1. methanoic acid
2. ethanoic acid
1. methanoic acid- formic acid
2. ethanoic acid- acetic acid
Name 2 ways to stablize the negative charge and thus increase acidity?
1. Add electron withdrawing groups
2. Add groups that allow more resonance stablization
Why can't 2' and 3' alcohols be oxidized to carboxylic acids?
Due to valence limitations
Grignard reagents + CO2 =
RCOOH (Carboxylic acids)
How is a soap formed?
Long chain carboxylic acid with sodium or potassium hyroxide
Carboxylic Acids are reduced via LAH to
Carboxylic acid + alcohol under acidic conditions =
ester + water
Carboxylic Acid + acyl halide =
acid chlorides
SOCl2 is used in the conversion of.... (in reference to carboxylic acids)
carboxylic acids + acyl halides = acid chlorides
What type of acids spontaneously decarboyxlate when heated?
1. 1,3 dicarboxylic acids
2. Beta keto-acids
What is lost in the spontaneous decarboxylation of carboxylic acids.
The spontaneous decarboxylation of carboxylic acids proceeds through a transition state that can be described as.
a Six membered ring
What is the product of a heat induced spontaneous decarboxylation of carboxylic acids?
enols and ketos (keto form is more stable)
The reduction of a carboxylic acid with LAH will yield what?
LAH is a very strong reducing agent so and alcohol will be the product.
The final product of 1-hexanol, CH3(CH2)4CH2OH, reacted with CrO3, H2SO4 in acetone will yield.

a. CH3(CH2)4CHO
b. CH3(CH2)4COOH
c. CH3(CH2)4CH3
b. CH3(CH2)4COOH. Jones reagent is a very strong oxidizer