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51 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The following are _______ defense mechanisms for our bodies:
Lung cilia
Normal Flora
Skin
Primary
What body defense system consists of >20 proteins that circulate in our blood?
Complement
The following are all body _____.
B cells
T Cells
Macrophages
Defenders
Death due to Haantan Pulmonary Syndrome is caused by what?
Too much immmunity.
A " smart" microbe that has " outwitted" our immune defenses is known as the ____ virus.
polymoma
William Jenner performed the first human vaccination with what?
the Cowpox virus.
Which infectious disease has been eradicated from humankind?
smallpox
What three scientist help to identify and develop penicillin?
Fleming
Florey
Chain
What anti tuberculosis antibiotic was identified from soil bacteria?
streptomycin
An example of a microbe that can tolerate high concentrations of radioactivity:
deinococcus
Which of the following is NOT necessary for quorum sensing to occur?
a. a toxin gene
b. an autoinducer
c. luxR_protein
D. lots of bacteria
a toxin gene
How many Americans live within 4 miles of a Superfund Toxic Waste site?
20 million
The bioremediation of the Savannah River Plant was due to the co-metabolism of what two compounds?
TCE and Methane
Which type of landfill produces it own source of energy?
anaerobic
What was the biggest contributor to the economy and diet of the Lake Victoria?
Cassava
What helped the reduction of the major food source in the Lake Victoria region?
White fly infestation
The plant virus reduced food production by how much?
90%
What two organisms did Dr. Victor Masona use to create a better plant for Africa?
Agrobacterium tumefaciens
Cassava Mosaic Virus
The Colorado Potato Beetle caterpillar is killed by a protein todxin produced by what?
Bacillus thuringiensis
What were two unanticipated problems generated by GM plants?
Toxicity to butterflies and the Spread of GMO pollen.
Genes from which microbes were used to create New Leaf Potatoes?
Agrobacterium tumefaciens and Bacillus thuringiensis.
All of the following plants express the _ _ toxin gene.

Star link corn
Bollgard Cotton
BT
Corn has not yet been used as an edible ___?
vaccine
Biowarfare tests showed that ten (10) grams of anthrax spores could produce as many casualties as how many grams of nerve agent?
1 million
Which country is not thought to have an ongoing bioweapons program?
Germany
Which concept, later proved by microbiologists, caused Charles Darwin to become a controverisal figure?
Species Creation by Natural Selection.
The Dine'eh ( Navjo) Americans knew nothing about Haantan virus disease before the 1993 Four Corners outbreak investigated by the Centers for Disease Control? T or F
F
Complement can tell " self" from "non-self" cells. T or F
T
Death from bacterial pnemonia is the result of destruction of lung tissues by the human host's own immune system. T or F
T
The adaptive immune system is regulated by helper B-cells. T or F
F
Our immune systems react to virus and bacterial invaders in a similar fashion? T or F
F
The current infections disease vaccines available in the US are the best that can be developed. T or F
F
It is harder to develop drugs that act against fungi, viruses and protozoans because their metabolisms are so different from humans. T or F.
F
Antibiotics used in animal feed have no effect on pathogenic microbes that effect humans. T or F
F
All the antibiotics that are produced by soil bacteria have been discovered and developed. T or F
F
Interfering with microbial communication has the potiential to stop human bacterial infections without killing the bacteria. T or F
T
Methanotrophs are bacteria that create/ make methane. T or F
F
Aerobic landfills can hold greater volumes of material per cubic yard than standard landfills.T or F
T
Humankind was using microbes to produce foods long before it knew microbes existed. T or F
T
Almost all plants and animals used for food today have been selectively bred. T or F
T
Bacteria genes can be used to genetically engineer specific traits in plants. T or F
T
Bacteria genes create toxins that kill caterpillars without harming other animals?
T
The discovery of Star link Corn in Taco shells was made worse by the fact that many people were allergic to its pollen?
F
Palnts expressing the proteins of Agrobacterium tumefaciens are resistant to plant virus infection. T or F
F
Genetically engineered virus resistant food plants are now being planted in the Lake Victoria region of Sub Saharan Africa. T or F
F
In the future, genetically modified plants will be grown or reasons other than food production. T or F
T
Genetically modified organisms have not helped the economy of North Carolina. T or F
F
Bioweapons were first used in WWI by the German Army. T or F
F
There has been no biowarfare attack that has occurred in the U.S. T or F
F
The world's stockpile of smallpox virus was destroyed in 2002. T or F
F
Bioweapons have played a major role in US foreign policy in the last 4 years. T or F
T