Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/38

Click to flip

38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Which is Not made of cells?

A.Fungus E. Protozoan
B. Bacterium
C. Virus
D. Archeaon
C. Virus
What Substance made by animals is needed by plants?
A. Caron Dioxide
B.Sugars
C.Oxygen
D. Badger
A. Carbon Dioxide
What substance made by plants is needed by animals?
A.Carbon Dioxide
B. Sugars
C. Water
D. Badger
B. Sugars
Which biological "fixation" process is EXCLUSIVELY microbial?
A. Nitrogen Fixation
B. Carbon Fixation
A. Nitrogen Fixation
Which place is NOT a major source of methane?
A.Swamps
B.Termites
C. Sewage Treatment plants
D. Rice Fields
C. Sewage Treatment plants
Which of the following has NOT increased in Earth's atmosphere the last 50 years?
A. Oxygen
B. Carbon Dioxide
C. Methane
D. Average Temperature
A. Oxygen
A legume is an example of what type of plant-microbe symbiosis?
Mutualism
What compound do bacteria manufacture to facilitate cloud formation?
Dimethyl Sulfide
Dr. James Love Lock was the first to propose which hypothesis?
A. Natural Selection
B. Common Ancestor
C. Gaia
C. Gaia
How long did it take to clean up the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill in Prudhoe Bay,Alaska?
A. a weekend
B. 6 Months
C. 2-3 years
D. Still working on it
C. 2-3 years
What was the most succeful method for cleaning up the Valdez oil spill?
A. Hot Steam
B. Scrubbing Rocks
C. Soap
D. Enhancing local microbes
D. Enhancing local microbes
Which of the following is Not a controversial idea proposed by Charles Darwin?
A. Natural Selection
B. Evolution
C. Common Ancestor
B. Evolution
What molecule is known as the "machinery" for work in a cell?
Protein
Which molecule is called " the blueprint" for how to make a cell?
DNA
What does phylogenic analysis determine?
relatedness
Which concept states that organisms can be different while appearing alike?
Volkswagon Syndrome
Which concept states that organisms constantly change to keep their niche?
Red Queen hypothesis
Which concept states that all living things differentiate into species as the result of the action of random forces over long periods of time?
Natural Selection
Which concept states that all living things on Earth descended from a single cell?
Common Ancestor
Which domain of organisms was discovered using 16S phylogenic analysis?
Archaea
Which microbes are thought to be the closest related to Earth's first organisms?
Hyperthemophiles
Which organism was isolated near Volcanoes, Italy?
Thermotoga
Which bacterial waste product permanently changed the planet earth?
Oxygen
16S Phylogenic analysis confirms what two things.
1.Common Ancestor
2. Unity of all Living Things
Which product is not produced or enhanced by an extromoenzyme?
A. Cold-Water detergent
B. Stone washed jeans
C. Low Sulfur Oil
D. Olive Oil
D. Olive Oil
True or False
a.All microbes are made of cells
b.The best recyclers of biological elements on Earth are microbes.
a. T
B. T
True or False
a. The worst recyclers of biological materials on Earth are humans.
b. Most of the Carbon and Nitrogen on Earth are unvailable for biological use.
a. F***
b. T
True of False
a. Carbon Dioxide levels in the Earth's atmoshpere have stayed at the same for the last 150 years.
b. A legume is a plant that fixes carbon for a microbe that fixes nitrogen.
a.F
b.T
True or False
a. The plants-mycorrhizae fungus is an example of a parasitic relationship.
b.Denitrifying soil bacteria can turn chemically produced fertilizers into nitrogen gas.
a. F
b.T
True or False
a. Man was the first creature on Earth to use antibiotic-producing microbes to improve its life.
b. The primary producers in a Deep Vent ecosystem are non-photosynthetic microbes.
a. F
b.T
True or False
a.The primary producers in ocean ecosystems are photosynthetic microbes.
b. Oil is a recyclable resource.
a. T
b.F
True or False
a.Bioremediation is the use of microbes to decontaminate water or soil containing hydrocarbons.
b.The cheapest way to romove hydrocarbons from soil is to incinerate.
a. T
b. F
True or False
a.DNA is the molecule that encodes the plan for how to make proteins.
b.Darwin's controversial theories were eventually proved to be true using microbes.
a. T
b. T
True or False
a. The Three Domains of life are Animial, Vegetable, and Mineral.
b. The Polymerase Chain Reaction made the rapid copying of small amounts of DNA possible.
a.F
b.T
True or False
a. A molecular clock is a gene that changes very quickly to make proteings that change function.
b.Many extremozymes have commercial potential
a. F
b.T
True or False
a. The hotter the growth temperature of a hyperthermophile, the closer is 16S sequence will place it to the root of its phylogenic branch.
True
True or False
a.PCR confirms that there are only a few kinds of microbes in the human month.
b. PCR discovered that there are hundreds of different kinds of microbes in hot springs.
a.F
b.T
True or False
Microbes are involved in every aspect of human life on planet Earth.
T