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28 Cards in this Set

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The human heart is divided into....
4 Chambers
These blood vessels carry blood away from the heart.
ArTeRiEs
The______acts as a pump and its regular contractions force the blood through the vessels. This somewhat organ is larger then your fist and can be found slightly to the left of the middle of the chest cavity.
THe Heart!
These vessels are so narrow that red blood cells pass through them in single file, they are one cell thick.
Capillaries
the right and left sides of the heart are seperated by a wall called the_______. This prevents the oxygen poor blood found on the right side of the heart from mixing with the oxygen-rich blood found on the left side.
Septum
The heart works as a unit and controls its rhythm or heartbeat by a structure in the heart called the_______
Pacemaker
The blood vessels that carry blood back to the heart are called_______
Vien
____ prevents blood from flowing backwards in the heart.
Valves
The _____ is the largest artery in the body.
Aorta
The beat in arteries as blood flows through them is called a _____
Pulse
What is the largest artery of the body?
Aorta
The largest Viens in the body that empties blood into the _________ of the heart is caled what?
The Right Atrium
____ also known as high blood pressure; no symptoms- called the silent killer
hypertension
________ is a condition when the flaps of the valve between the left atrium and ventricle are too large and cannot close properly
mitro valve prolapse
symptoms of this condition include indigestion, increase the heart rate and blood pressure.
angina
this disease begins with a streptococcal infection that goes untreated
rheumatic
a condition when blood flow becomes obstructed at any point within vessels is called a
stroke
this condition is characterized by an abnormal or irregular heartbeat
arhythmia
this condition involves fatty substances, cholesterol, cellular waste products in the lining of the artery.
atherosclorosis
this disease is caused by a malformation of the heart or the large blood vessels near the heart. it occurs before birth.
conginental heart disease
____ blood cells have a lifespan of 120 days
red blood cells
there job is to clot blood
platelets
this protects the body from diseases
white blood cells
yellow colored portion of blood
plasma
im produced in the bojne marrow
red blood cells
these cells contain homoglobin
red blood cells
transports oxygen from the lungs to the body tissues
red blood cells
the main blood types are
A, B, AB, AND O