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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
absolute value
the distance from a number to 0 on the number line
additive inverses
two numbers whose sum is 0, opposites
algebraic expression
name of a number that contains a variable
area
the measure of the interior of a closed boundary
base
the number used as a factor in repeated multiplacation
common denominator
any nonzero number that is a mulitple of both fractions
common factor
any number that is a factor of both numbers
composite number
a whole number that has more than two whole number factors
consectutive
following one another in an uniterrupted order
constant
a number which never changes
cooridinate
a number used to locate a point on a number line, the ordered pair used to locate a point on an x-y graph
corresponding sides
any pair of sides in the same relative position in two figures
distributive property
a property that relates two operations on numbers; usually multiplacation and addition
equation
a mathematical sentence that states the equality of two expressions
equivelent
equal in value, but in a different form
estimate
a calculation of a close, rather than exact answer
even number
a whole number that can be evenly divided by 2
exponent
a small, raised number that indicates how many times the base is used as a factor
Exponential notation
a shorthand way of representing repeated multiplacation of the same factor
factor(noun)
a number that is multiplied by another number
factor(verb)
to represent a number as a product of factors
formula
a general rule for finding the value of something
GCF
the largest factor that two or more numbers have in common
improper fraction
a fraction whose numerator is equal to or greater than its denominator
integer
any whole number or its opposite
irrational numbers
numbers that cannot be written as fractions where both the numerator and denominator are integers and the denominator is not zero
LCM
the smallest number that is a multiple of two or more numbers
multiplicative inverses
two numbers whose product is 1
number line
a line on which points sorrespond to numbers
odd numbers
a whole number that is not divisible by 2
opposite
a number that is the same distance from zero on the number line as the given number, but on the other side of zero
order of opperation
rules that tell the order in chich operations should be done
origin
the pint where the x-axis and y-axis intersect
pi
the ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter
place value
the value of a digit in a number as determined by it's own position
prime factorization
a number expressed as a product of prime factors
prime number
a whole number, greater than 1, that has exactly two whole-number factors, 1 and itself
product
the results of multiplacation
quotient
the result of division
rate
a comparison of two quantities with unlike units
ratio
a comparison of two quantities with like units
rational number
any number that can be represented by a terminating or repeating decimals
real number
any rational or irrational number
reciprocal
a synonym for multiplicative inverse
scale drawing
an accurate picture of an object with all parts are drawn to the same scale
simplest form
a fraction in which the numerator and denominator have no common factor except 1 and the numerator is less than the denominator
simplify
to rewrite an expression following the orders of operations and combining like terms
term
a number or product of a number and one or more variables
variable
a letter or other symbol that represents a number
whole number
0 and the positive integers