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50 Cards in this Set
 Front
 Back
absolute value

the distance from a number to 0 on the number line


additive inverses

two numbers whose sum is 0, opposites


algebraic expression

name of a number that contains a variable


area

the measure of the interior of a closed boundary


base

the number used as a factor in repeated multiplacation


common denominator

any nonzero number that is a mulitple of both fractions


common factor

any number that is a factor of both numbers


composite number

a whole number that has more than two whole number factors


consectutive

following one another in an uniterrupted order


constant

a number which never changes


cooridinate

a number used to locate a point on a number line, the ordered pair used to locate a point on an xy graph


corresponding sides

any pair of sides in the same relative position in two figures


distributive property

a property that relates two operations on numbers; usually multiplacation and addition


equation

a mathematical sentence that states the equality of two expressions


equivelent

equal in value, but in a different form


estimate

a calculation of a close, rather than exact answer


even number

a whole number that can be evenly divided by 2


exponent

a small, raised number that indicates how many times the base is used as a factor


Exponential notation

a shorthand way of representing repeated multiplacation of the same factor


factor(noun)

a number that is multiplied by another number


factor(verb)

to represent a number as a product of factors


formula

a general rule for finding the value of something


GCF

the largest factor that two or more numbers have in common


improper fraction

a fraction whose numerator is equal to or greater than its denominator


integer

any whole number or its opposite


irrational numbers

numbers that cannot be written as fractions where both the numerator and denominator are integers and the denominator is not zero


LCM

the smallest number that is a multiple of two or more numbers


multiplicative inverses

two numbers whose product is 1


number line

a line on which points sorrespond to numbers


odd numbers

a whole number that is not divisible by 2


opposite

a number that is the same distance from zero on the number line as the given number, but on the other side of zero


order of opperation

rules that tell the order in chich operations should be done


origin

the pint where the xaxis and yaxis intersect


pi

the ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter


place value

the value of a digit in a number as determined by it's own position


prime factorization

a number expressed as a product of prime factors


prime number

a whole number, greater than 1, that has exactly two wholenumber factors, 1 and itself


product

the results of multiplacation


quotient

the result of division


rate

a comparison of two quantities with unlike units


ratio

a comparison of two quantities with like units


rational number

any number that can be represented by a terminating or repeating decimals


real number

any rational or irrational number


reciprocal

a synonym for multiplicative inverse


scale drawing

an accurate picture of an object with all parts are drawn to the same scale


simplest form

a fraction in which the numerator and denominator have no common factor except 1 and the numerator is less than the denominator


simplify

to rewrite an expression following the orders of operations and combining like terms


term

a number or product of a number and one or more variables


variable

a letter or other symbol that represents a number


whole number

0 and the positive integers
