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30 Cards in this Set
 Front
 Back
the inverse operation of raising to a power is called taking the ____

root


any root of 1 is ___

1


1 raised to any power equals ___

1


if we write a little number 4 and then the square root sign then 16 = 2. what is the
16 called, what is the 4 called, what is the 2 called 
16 radicand
4 index 2 root 

what is the square root sign called

radical sign


if the index number is not written it is understood to be a

two


if we write a little number 4 and the the square root sign then 16=2.what is the whole expression called

radical expression or just a radical


what are the 4 orders of operation

1. simplify within the symbols of inclusion.
2. simplify exponents and roots 3. multiply and divide in order from left to right. 4. add and subtract in order from left to right 

parentheses are called

symbols of inclusion


when there is no plus or minus sign between parentheses or when there is no plus or minus sign between a number and parentheses what does this indicate

multiplication


1. simplify within the symbols of inclusion.
2. multiply and divide in order from left to right. 3. add and subtract in order from left to right 
order of operation


what word is used to describe a space or a solid that has depth as well as lenght and width

volume


what is an object that has six identical square faces

cube


we call a geometric figure that occupies a space a

geometric solid


we call the region on which we stack cubes a

base


the sides of a solid go straight up from a base to a uniform height, the sides make a right angle where they contract the base,we call these geometric solids what

right geometric solids or just right solids


volume of right solid =
______ x _____ 
area of base x height


when we multiply a number by a positive power of 10, we move the

decimal point to the right, the number of places indicated by the exponent


when we write a number this way
0.34 x10 to the 2nd power=34 we call this special way 
scientific notation


when we multiply a number by a negative power of 10, we move the

decimal point to the left, the number of places indicated by the exponent


the latin work for by is _____ and the word for one hundred is _______. we put these words together in english to form the word _____

by is Per
one hundred is CENTUM put together is PERCENT 

A ______is a comparison of two numbers. We write it as a fraction

ratio


when we write an equation that consist of two ratios connected by an equals sign like, (3/4=6/8)
we say the we have written a  
proportion


we find if helpful to note that the ______ _______ of a true proportion are equal to each other.

cross products


the cross product can be found by multiplying the upper term (numerator) of one ration by the lower term (denominator) of the other ratio. We call this process ____ _____

cross multiplication


when one part of a proportion is a variable, the proportion is a _____ _______

conditional proportions or conditional equations


whenever you see the equation DISTANCE=RATExDISTANCE the rate used has time on the bottom(denominator). This rate is called the _____

speed


Whenever you see the equation TIME=RATExDISTANCE
the rate with time in the numerator, we can ______ to find the ____ required. 
MULTIPLY
TIME 

Jimmy can drive 60 miles in 1 hour. what are the two ratios that this statement give us

60 miles/1 hour
and 1 hour/60miles 

60 miles/1hour If you want to know how far you could drive in 2 hours how would you write the equation

DISTANCE= 60/1hr X 2hrs
