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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the inverse operation of raising to a power is called taking the ____
root
any root of 1 is ___
1
1 raised to any power equals ___
1
if we write a little number 4 and then the square root sign then 16 = 2. what is the
16 called, what is the 4 called, what is the 2 called
16 radicand
4 index
2 root
what is the square root sign called
radical sign
if the index number is not written it is understood to be a
two
if we write a little number 4 and the the square root sign then 16=2.what is the whole expression called
radical expression or just a radical
what are the 4 orders of operation
1. simplify within the symbols of inclusion.
2. simplify exponents and roots
3. multiply and divide in order from left to right.
4. add and subtract in order from left to right
parentheses are called
symbols of inclusion
when there is no plus or minus sign between parentheses or when there is no plus or minus sign between a number and parentheses what does this indicate
multiplication
1. simplify within the symbols of inclusion.
2. multiply and divide in order from left to right.
3. add and subtract in order from left to right
order of operation
what word is used to describe a space or a solid that has depth as well as lenght and width
volume
what is an object that has six identical square faces
cube
we call a geometric figure that occupies a space a
geometric solid
we call the region on which we stack cubes a
base
the sides of a solid go straight up from a base to a uniform height, the sides make a right angle where they contract the base,we call these geometric solids what
right geometric solids or just right solids
volume of right solid =
______ x _____
area of base x height
when we multiply a number by a positive power of 10, we move the
decimal point to the right, the number of places indicated by the exponent
when we write a number this way
0.34 x10 to the 2nd power=34 we call this special way
scientific notation
when we multiply a number by a negative power of 10, we move the
decimal point to the left, the number of places indicated by the exponent
the latin work for by is _____ and the word for one hundred is _______. we put these words together in english to form the word _____
by is Per
one hundred is CENTUM
put together is PERCENT
A ______is a comparison of two numbers. We write it as a fraction
ratio
when we write an equation that consist of two ratios connected by an equals sign like, (3/4=6/8)
we say the we have written a ---------
proportion
we find if helpful to note that the ______ _______ of a true proportion are equal to each other.
cross products
the cross product can be found by multiplying the upper term (numerator) of one ration by the lower term (denominator) of the other ratio. We call this process ____ _____
cross multiplication
when one part of a proportion is a variable, the proportion is a _____ _______
conditional proportions or conditional equations
whenever you see the equation DISTANCE=RATExDISTANCE the rate used has time on the bottom(denominator). This rate is called the _____
speed
Whenever you see the equation TIME=RATExDISTANCE
the rate with time in the numerator, we can ______ to find the ____ required.
MULTIPLY

TIME
Jimmy can drive 60 miles in 1 hour. what are the two ratios that this statement give us
60 miles/1 hour
and
1 hour/60miles
60 miles/1hour If you want to know how far you could drive in 2 hours how would you write the equation
DISTANCE= 60/1hr X 2hrs