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103 Cards in this Set

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What Hormone is produced if pregnancy occurs to maintain the ovarian production of estrogen and progestrone
HCG
What Hormone is the foundation of the pregnancy test
HCG
Where is the HCG produced
From the foundation of the placenta
What is the phase of the 1st part of the menstrual cycle called in regaurds to the pituitary Function?
Fillicular
What is the phase of the first part of the ovairan function called
Estrogenic
What is the phase of the 2nd part of the menstrual cycle called in regaurds to the pituitary cycle
Lutual
The part of the menstrual cycle which varies in length occur when in relationship to ovulation
Pre-ovulation
The part of the menstrual cycle which is constant in length when in reationshi to ovulation
Post Ovulation
Shunts Blood from the umbilical vein to the inferior vena cava
forman ovale
First embryonic system to function
Cardiovascular system
Substances produced by the fetus that reduce surface tension in the lungs
Pulmonary surfactants
Carries oxygenated blood to the fetus
Umbilical vein
Hormone that is the bases for the pregnancy test
HCG
Protectant substance in the umbilical cord
Whartons Jelly
Shunts blood from the pulmonary artery to the aorta
Ductus arteriosus
Protects fetus from trauma
Amniotic fluid
End products of fetal metabolism
Meconium
Shunts blood from the right atrium to the left artium
Foramen Ovale
Takes oxygenated blood to the baby
umbilicial vein
Stimulates Estrogen production
FSH
Stimulates Progestrone
LH
What do estrogen and Progestrone do if the lady is not pregnant
Decrease
If Pregnant what is the response of the estrogen and LH
Estrogen increase
LH Decreases
Cervical mucus before ovulation:
thin watery clear egg white elastic
Cervical mucus after ovulation
Thick cloudy
After Ovulation the BBT does what
Increases .3 to .6 degrees C
BBT increases due to what hormone
Progesteron
Mittleschmerz
Feel ovulation slight pain
Hormaone to keep her pregnant
HCG
3 Products of ovulation
Placenta
Aminoic Fluid
Fetal Tissue
At 12 weeks after fertilation what produces estrogen?
Placenta
As HCG increase the lady experiences
HCG and Hypoglycemia may occur
For the entire pregnancy what happens to progestrone and BBT
The both remain elevated
Preconceptional counsling
Potential health risks
Physical exam prior to pregnancy
Preconception should include what tests
Toxoplasmosis
Other sexually transmitted diseases
Rubella Immune?
Cytomedlo virus
Herpes, Hep B and HIV
How many calories does a womentneed to increase with pregancy
300 per day more then normal
What carries out fetal respirations
Placenta
The primary ovarian hormone of perliferation stage of the menstrual cycle
Estrogen
In order for ovulation to occur the pituitary gland must produce a surge of
LH
At ovulation the cervical mucosa
increase in amount , watery and clear
Ms Smith has a 36 day cycle she would normally ovulate on day
22
The change in BBT after ovulation is produced by
Progesterone
In the menstrual cycle, FSH and estrogen interact in a feedback mechanism that is
Negative
Fertilization occcurs in the
Distal 3rd of the follopian tube
With pregnancy the corpus luteum contiunes to produce ovarian hormones under the influence of
HCG
The hormone which serves as the basis for pregnancy testing is
HCG
1st 13 days of menstrual cycle the pituitary releases what hormone
FSH
The Cervical mucus is dry stretch, thin ferns in the ________ days of the cycle
first 1/2 or 13 days
During the 1st 13 days the endromentrial experiences what 2 phases
Menses and proliferation
Prior to ovulation the BBT
Drops
After ovulation the pituitary gland releases
LH
The endromenrial has what 2 things after ovulation
secretory and ischemic
In the placenta the 2 arteries carry
CO2 out and back to the mom
In the placenta the vein carries
Oxygenated blood to the baby
Growth hormone _____as Insulin ______
Increase
Decrease
Amoinic Functions
Protects from trauma
develops lungs
fetal movement
symetrical growth
temp regularor
freedom of movement
Oligohydraminos
Too little fluid at birth
Amonic fluid is relaced how often
every 24 hours
polyhyperamnios
Too much fluid
Over distention of the uterus (preterm Labor)
Gastetional DM
Embryonic fetal layers
ectoderm :Endothelium layer
Mesoderm - Organs
Exctoderm: skin hair nails
Body systems develop after
5 to 6 weeks
Fetal heart beging to beat at how many weeks?
4
Body organ are formed at ________ Weeks
8
What week is the sex determined
16
Fetal Quickening is felt at
20 weeks
Fat deposits on baby at
32 weeks
Antibodies are transfered at
32-40 weeks
Hormone that proliferates the uterus
Estrogen
Hormone that causes hyperplasia and hypertrophy of the uterus
Estrogen
Causes an increase in blood volume (Vasculatory)
Estrogen
Causes an increase in clotting factors and pigmentation of the skin
Estrogen
Casues an increase in NA absorbtion and water retention
Estrogen
Hormone that casues cervical softening
Relaxin
Causes fetal growth and an increase in protein synthesis
HCS
Encourages milk production
HCS
Incresase Insulin resistance and can cause DM while pregnant
HCS
Hormone that causes smooth muscles to relax
Progestrone
UTI can cause 2 things
Miscarriages and preterm labob
Progestron affects the GI tract by
Slowing peristalsis
GRED
Bleeding Gums
Progestrone can casue what type of congestion
Nasal
What hormone helps with breast gland development
Progestrone
What hormone causes CO2 tolerance to decrease
Progestrone
Tasks of infertile couple (2)
Reconginze how infertility affect them and their feelings need to be expressed.
Grieve Loss of onspring
Infertile couple should evulate why they what to have a child.
True
Hegars Sign
Softening of the uterus neck
Uterus _________ in size during pregnancy
increases 2oz to 2lbs.
Thinning occurs with pregnancy (Uterus)
True.
Uterus is where the 1st 3 months
Below the pevic
at 5 months where is the uterus
at the umbilicous
At 36 weeks where is the top to the uterus
Xyphoid process
Chadwicks sign
Cervix looks bluish purple
Softening of the cervix is what sign
Goodells
Hydatiform mole
abnormal chorionic growth
Increased uterine growth
increased HCG
Hyper mesis
Abortion must be done
Can kind of fish can you have when you are with child
Ocean Fish
Pseudoadenemia is a result of
Incresed blood volume, more plasma then RBCs
Cardiovascular output peaks at
24-28 weeks
Heart rate does what when you are with baby
Increases 10-20 beats per minute
Respiratory rate and depth do what when pregnant
Increase
There is an _____________--sensitivity to the hormone ________________.
increased
Progestrone
Urinary frequency occurs during the ______________weeks then again after_______________
12 weeks
Lightening
Increased WBC and clotting fractors are due to
prevention of infection
Positive signs of pregnancy
heart tones
palpation
fetal movements
Presumptive signs of pregnancy
N/V Urinary Frequency
Fatigue Missed Menses
Breast changes