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36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
any break in a bone classified according to bone damage
fracture
healing time depends on complexity and age/health of the individual
fracture
hematoma invaded by fibroblasts taht broduce granulation tissue
fracture
formation of soft callus
fracture
formation of hard callus
fracture
hard callus persists for 3-4 months while osteoclasts dissolve dead bone fragments
fracture
open or closed reduction for treatment
fracture
compact bone replaces spongy bone, remodeling callus until only slightly thickening remains at site
fracture
manipulating bone fragments into normal position
fracture
decreased bone mass, increased susceptibility to fracture
osteoporosis
entire skeletal system affected, especially vertebral bones, ribs, head of femur, humerus & radius
osteoporosis
1 in 5 die of complications
osteoporosis
occurs most often in white, postmenopausal women
osteoporosis
occurs in short, thin, athletic women due to less bone mass & adipose tissue
osteoporosis
risk factor includes smoking, which decreases blood levels of extrogens
osteoporosis
can be affected by a diet limiting calcium, protein & vitamins
osteoporosis
can be affected by increased alcohol use or family history
osteoporosis
can reduce risk by consuming an adequate amount of Ca & weight bearing exercise
osteoporosis
childhood disorder
rickets
vitamin D deficiency where Ca & P aren't adequately absorbed from food
rickets
cartilage is produced but calcification if abnormal so bones stay soft & pliable
rickets
adult condition
osteomalacia
due to poor nutrition
osteomalacia
causes bones in spine, pelvis & legs to become soft, deformed & susceptible to fracture
osteomalacia
Ca & P are not metabolized so bones fail to calcify
osteomalacia
inflammation of bone & red bone marrow
osteomyelitis
caused by bacterial infection
osteomyelitis
excessive & abnormal remodeling of bones
paget's disease
osteoclasts overactive in bone resorption
paget's disease
osteoblasts overactive in bone deposition
paget's disease
most common & deadly bone cancer
osteogenic sarcoma
most often in femur, tibia & humerus during growth spurt of teen males
osteogenic sarcoma
autosomal dominant disorder
achondroplastic dwarfism
long bones quit growing during childhood while growth of other bones is unaffected
achondroplastic dwarfism
chondrocytes in epiphyses fail to multiply & enlarge
achondroplastic dwarfism
individual has normal sized head & torso but significaltly shorter limbs
achondroplastic dwarfism