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49 Cards in this Set

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secreted by somatotropes
Growth Hormone
GH
Growth Hormone
abundant in cells in anterior pituitary
Growth Hormone
has widespread effets on bone, cartilage, fat & muscle
Growth Hormone
IGF
Growth Hormone
insulin-like growth factors
Growth Hormone
secreted from GH stimulation of liver & other tissues
Growth Hormone
stimultates protein syntehsis, inhibits protein breakdown
Growth Hormone
increases fat breakdown
Growth Hormone
reduces rate of glucose usage in ATP production
Growth Hormone
promotes electrolyte balance
Growth Hormone
hyposecretion during childhood causes dwarfism
Growth Hormone
hypersecretion during childhood results in gigantism
Growth Hormone
hypersecretion during adulthood causes acromegaly, abnormal bone remodeling
Growth Hormone
TSH
Thyroid-stimulating Hormone
thyrotropin
Thyroid-stimulating Hormone
secreted by thyrotropes
Thyroid-stimulating Hormone
stimulates growth of thyroid gland & its release of thyroid hormones
Thyroid-stimulating Hormone
ACTH
Adrenocorticotropic hormone
corticotropin
Adrenocorticotropic hormone
secreted by corticotropes
Adrenocorticotropic hormone
stimulates adrenal cortes to secrete corticosteroids
Adrenocorticotropic hormone
FSH
Follicle-stimulating hormone
a gonadotropin
Follicle-stimulating hormone
secreted by gonadotropes
Follicle-stimulating hormone
stimulates monthy development of egg-containing ovarian follicles in females
Follicle-stimulating hormone
stimulates sperm production in testes in males
Follicle-stimulating hormone
LH
Luteinizing hormone
a second gonadotropin secreted by gonadotropes
Luteinizing hormone
triggers ovulation in females
Luteinizing hormone
triggers formation of corpus luteum & secretion of estrogens
Luteinizing hormone
PRL
Prolactin
secreted by lactotropes
Prolactin
increase in size/number during pregnancy
Prolactin
stimulates/maintains milk production by mammary glands after a female gives birth
Prolactin
makes testes more sensitive to LH
Prolactin
ADH
Antidiuretic hormone
vapopressin
Antidiuretic hormone
acts on kidneys to increase water retetion from urin
Antidiuretic hormone
decreases urine volume in order to prevent dehydration
Antidiuretic hormone
hyposecretion causes diabetes insipidus
Antidiuretic hormone
excretion of large amounts of dilute urine resulting in dehydration & chronic thirst when to little
Antidiuretic hormone
OT
Oxytocin
stimulates contractions of smooth walls of uterus
Oxytocin
stimulates contractions in contractile cells in mammary glands
Oxytocin
released during labor in response to distension of cervix
Oxytocin
establishes positive feedback to facilitate childbirth
Oxytocin
released during nursing in response to stimulation of the nipple during nursing
Oxytocin
continues milk release through positive feedback
Oxytocin