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31 Cards in this Set

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Ritualistic or religious activity of rubbing oil into the skin
Anointing
Treatment that involves manipulation of the client's body as a way to maintain or improve health
Bodywork
Activity at ancient gymnasiums that included exercise, massage, and baths
Gymnastics
Manual therapy involving pressure applied with the hands (term started by the french explorers on the 1700s)
Massage
Male person who administers massage
Masseur
Female person who administers massage
Masseuse
Therapist applies pressure or manipulation to physically change the shape or condition of the client's tissues
Mechanical effects
Combined result of mechanical and reflex effects on the whole body
Metabolic effects
A collection of manual therapies that tends to use similar applications of movement or massage strokes to reach a similar goal
Modality
American version of Ling's movement system
Movement Cure
Therapist stimulates the client's nervous system to change the shape or condition of the tissue in areas that were addressed as well as other, related areas
Reflex effects
A theraputic movement system developed by Per Henrik Ling
Swedish gymnastics
Europe's version of Ling's movement system
Swedish movements
A dynamic, changing energy force that runs through the whole body, supplying and being supplied by body processes and activities
Qi
Four ancient river valley civilizations that used massage
Mesopotamia - The Tigris and Euphrates river valleys
Egypt - The Nile river valley
China - The Yellow river valley
India - The Indus and Ganges river valleys
The Yellow Emperor's classic of internal medicine; one of the oldest medical references in existance
Nei Ching
Chinese document of disputable age that includes information on the use of medicinal plants, controlled breathing, and a system of exercises and positions for healthcare
Cong Fou
Its main topics include the theory of five phases and the balance of yin and yang
Nei Ching
The site of the largest ancient river valley civilization discovered in the 20th century
Indus River
Four scriptual texts written over 5000 years ago
Vedas
Rik Veda
Sama Veda
Yajur Veda
Atharva Veda
Babylonian King Hammurabi established this set of laws which includes the oldest code of medical ethics
Code of Hammurabi
Evidence of massage being used for healthcare in ancient Mesopotamia
Clay tablets
Paintings on the walls of tombs
Egyptian text written around 1800 BCE that focuses on gynecological matters
Kahun Papyrus
Queen that included massage as treatment for health and healing as early as 4000 BCE
Queen Isis
Tomb of the Physician dated around 2350 BCE
Tomb of Ankhmahor
"Father of Medicine" who established medicine as a science and rejected the theory of health and medicine as the work of magic and gods
Hippocrates
A series of 60 treatises discussing medicine and medical principles
Hippocratic Corpus
A statement in which physicians swear to respect, honor, and share knowledge with their teachers, treat their patients to the best of their ability and do so only with good intentions
Hippocratic Oath
Greek physician who settled in Rome and promoted diet, exercise, bathing, and massage;theory based on atoms
Asclepiades of Bithynia
Prominent figure in ancient Roman medicine; wrote a series of eight texts called De Medicina
Aulus Cornelius Celsus
Possibly the most famous of Greek physicians in Rome; wrote Hygiene
Claudius Galenus