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55 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Define stroking
touch combined with motion
While performing stroking, the hand should move at what rate?
No faster than 1 or 2 inches per second
What direction is stroking done?
in one direction only
Digital stroking with the finger tips is used chiefly where?
on the forehead and spine
Where is palmar stroking used?
broad, fleshy parts, about the joints and the soles of the feet
Where is knucke stroking used?
massage of the back only
Where is reflex stroking used?
cutaneous or skin reflexes
In reflex stroking, the reflex is developed by gently stroking the sensitive part with what?
fingernail, end of pencil, or wooden toothpick
T or F

Stroking of the head is from before backward and from above downward
True
T or F

Reflex areas also respond to cold
True
T or F

Stroking on the back is from above downward and from the sides to the median line
False
T or F

Stroking of the chest is from the medial line outward
False
T or F

Reflex areas may also be developed using firm pressure
False
T or F

Stroking of the abdomen is administered in 3 sections
True
T or F

Stroking of the arms is from the shoulders toward the hand
True
T or F
Light stroking applied to cutaneous reflexes produces muscular contraction as a result of a reflex arc
True
T or F

Stroking of the leg is from the foot to the hip
False
T or F

Stroking of the foot is from the heel to the toe
False
Name the reflex area:
The skin of the abdomen in the mammary line:
abdominal
Name the reflex area:
The skin of the back between the shoulder blades
Interscapular
Name the reflex area:
The skin in the armpit area
axillary
Name the reflex area:
The sides of the chest between the 4th & 6th ribs
epigastric
Name the reflex area:
The skin overlying the gluteal muscles
gluteal
Name the reflex area:
The soles of the feet
plantar
Name the reflex area:
The surface at the upper and inner portion of the thighs
Cremasteric
Name the portion of the spinal cord acted upon by this reflex area: ABDOMINAL
T8 - T12
Name the portion of the spinal cord acted upon by this reflex area: AXILLARY
T2 - T4
Name the portion of the spinal cord acted upon by this reflex area: CREMASTERIC
L1 - L3
Name the portion of the spinal cord acted upon by this reflex area: EPIGASTRIC
T5 - T7
Name the portion of the spinal cord acted upon by this reflex area: GLUTEAL
L4, L5
Name the portion of the spinal cord acted upon by this reflex area: INTERSCAPULAR
C6-C8, T1
Name the portion of the spinal cord acted upon by this reflex area: PLANTAR
S5, S6
Name the purposes of stroking:
1) relieve sleeplessness
2) diminish blood supply
3) lessen cutaneous congestion
What effect do digital and palmar stroking have?
a decided sedative effect
What is another name for knuckle stroking?
friction
How might one achieve relief from sleeplessness?
gentle stroking of the forehead
palmar stroking of the feet
palmar stroking of the head
In general, what does stroking do when properly applied?
1) relieves hypersensitiveness
2) lessen excessive cutaneous congestion
3) relieve nervous headache
Stroking is most like what other type of massage technique?
effleurage
What systems and organs does reflex activity involve?
the cutaneous system
internal organs
spinal cord
What is the most effective measure to use in the direct treatment of neuralgia?
nerve compression
Certain forms of nervous headache can be relieved by what stroking?
gentle stroking to forehead
Lightly touching the part operated on with one or more fingers, the whole hand, or both hands describes what?
passive touch

(trick question)
Name the reflex area applicable to the following condition:

Used advantageously in spinal anemia
Interscapular
Name the reflex area applicable to the following condition:
Excited advantagously in hypopepsia & motor insufficiency of the stomach
Epigastric
Name the reflex area applicable to the following condition:

Useful for relief of constipation
Abdominal
Name the reflex areas applicable to the following condition:

Weakness of any of the genitourinary functions
1. Cremasteric
2. Gluteal
3. Plantar
Name the reflex area applicable to the following condition:

Improve innervation of the muscles of the lower extremities
Plantar
Of the following, stroking does what:
induces sleeplessness
relieves insomnia
stimulates occult reflexes
relieves insomnia
Direction of Stoking of HEAD
Head, from before backward, starting at the center of the forehead, and from above downward, starting at the vertex.
Direction of Stroking of BACK
Back, from above downward and from the median line outward.
Direction of Stroking of CHEST
Chest, from the sides toward the median line.
Direction of Stroking of ABDOMEN
Abdomen, upper part, from the sides inward and upward; middle part, toward the median line; lower part, from below upward and inward.
Direction of Stroking of ARMS
Arms, from the shoulders toward the hands.
Direction of Stroking of LEGS
Legs, from the hips downward.
Direction of Stroking of FEET
Feet, from the toes toward the heel