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27 Cards in this Set

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Simple motion of joint, performed entirely by the therapist without effort on patient's part is called:
Passive
Simple motion of joint made to give the impression that the movement is executed by the patient is called:
Assistive
In passive joint movements, the extent of movement should be:
sufficient to produce a distinct feel of resistance
In resistive joint movements, the degree of resistance should be:
regulated to the condition of the patient's tissues
In joint movements, the bone distal to the joint which is to be treated, is handled how?
grasped to execute movement
Passive joint movement increases what?
the flow of blood and lymph
What actions do the patient and therapist make during resistive joint movements?
1) both patient and therapist take part 2)patient resists therapist's move 3)therapist resists patient's move
The bone proximal to the joint to be treated is handled how?
steadied
When a patient's tissues are in normal condition, how is joint movement applied?
Patient initiates movement, therapist then offers resistance, slight at first, then increasing, and ending with diminished resistance.
Lymph and venous channels are largest in the joints than anywhere else in the limb because:
a great amount of absorption is required to maintain a healthy articular surface
What are the physiological effects of joint movements?
produce powerful derivative effects, modify nutrition, affect neighboring & distal parts
In joint stretching, how is force applied and withdrawn?
gradual force and sudden withdrawl
In cases involving acute inflammation, joint movements should be applied where?
to the proximal joint
T or F
A new sprain is a therapeutic application for joint movement.
False
According to Kellogg, joint movements may be done how?
passively, assistively, and resistively
Helping a patient to move his arm toward his body midline would be an example of ?
passive abduction
Your client is paralyzed. Should your joint movement be reflexive, resistive, passive, or assistive?
passive
T or F
Spinal sclerosis is a therapeutic application of joint movements.
False
Name 3 therapeutic application of joint movements:
1)fractures & sprains previously treated by immobilization
2)chronic joint disease
3)joint inflammation (derivatively)
Moving the forearm toward the arm at the elbow joint would be an example of what movement?
flexion
What movement typically involves restoring a part of the body to the anatomical position?
adduction
According to Tortora & grabowski, circumduction is a continuation of:
flexion, abduction, extension, adduction
Movement of the femur laterally at the hip joint is an example of what movement?
abduction
If your elbow were bent at a 90 degree angle, and your forearm were made to cross your waist such that your hand came to rest upon the opposite hip, you would be performing:
medial rotation of the arm at the shoulder
Movement of the forearm such that the palm is turned posteriorly or inferiorly is called:
pronation
Which of the following is a defining feature of the anatomical position:
supination, pronation, flexion, or extension?
supination
A bone revolves around its own longitudinal axis in what movement?
rotation