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55 Cards in this Set

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T or F
In FRICTION, the amount of pressure should never be such that the hand slips over the surface
False
T or F
In FRICTION, amount of pressure should never be so great as to interfere with movement of the blood in arteries
True
T or F
The principal effect of friction is upon superficial veins, large venous trunks, lymph spaces and vessels
True
T or F

The rate for FRICTION may be varied from 30 to 180 strokes per minute
True
T or F

The general rule is that FRICTION should follow direction of the flow of large veins
True
T or F

To promote absorption, rub away from the heart
False
Define

CENTRIPETAL FRICTION
1)Movement in the direction of current of veins
2)Chiefly applicable to extremeties
3)movement from below upward
Define

CENTRIFUGAL FRICTION
1)Movement from body towards hands/feet, opposite to that of blood current
In applying friction to the leg, thumb should at first be passed with firm pressure over long saphenous, the course of which is:
from the instep along the anterior and inner portion of the leg to the groin
In applying friction to the leg, thumb should pass over the short saphenous, the course of which is:
from below the outer malleolus along the outer and posterior portion of leg to bend of knee
Name the type of friction being used:

Executed with one hand only
Spiral Friction
Name the type of friction being used:
Both hands make alternate wringing or twisting movement centripetally
Circular Friction
Name the type of friction being used:
Hands move over broad surface in an elliptical, circular, or semicircular direction
Rotary Friction
Name the type of friction being used:
Progresses from lower (distal) to upper (proximal) end of part w/a sort of spiral movement
Spiral Friction
Name the type of friction being used:
Especially applicable to fleshy areas (hip and portion of back lying above spines of scapula)
Rotary Friction
Friction is applied to what part of body in this direction?

Circular
Hips
Friction is applied to what part of body in this direction?

From before backward, and above downward
Head
Friction is applied to what part of body in this direction?
Upper part, from above downward & outward; lower part, from median line downward & outward
Abdomen
Friction is applied to what part of body in this direction?
Above scaupla:circular; From scapula to sacrum:down;In loin region:from sides toward spine
Back
Friction is applied to what part of body in this direction?

From the sternum toward the axilla
Chest
Friction is applied to what part of body in this direction?

Downward
Neck
Friction is applied to what part of body in this direction?

From below upward
Arms & Legs
T or F
For sedative & derivative effects upon viscera & nerve centers, rub centrifugally
True
T or F
Centripetal friction increases the activity of the circulation
True
T or F

Stimulating effects may be increased by using no lubricant of any kind
True
T or F
The principal object in friction is to empty the veins & lymph channels, thus encouraging circulation & free up tissue waste
True
T or F
Under the application of friction, there is decreased activity of perspiratory & sebaceous glands
False
Masseur places fingers into grooves between adjacent phalanges & metacarpal bones, also compressing the hypothanar, she is frictioning where?
friction to the hand
Masseur makes strokes from insertion of pectoral muscles to humerus toward median line, reversing below pectorals, she is frictioning where?
friction to the chest
What are the pysiological effects of friction?
Mechanical
Reflex
Derivative
Professor Winternitz & his students have shown that by application of friction:
1)amount of moisture thrown off may be increased by 60%
2)dissipation of heat may be increased by 95%
3)temperature of skin raised
T or F
Friction is usually employed therapeutically in conjuction with kneading & other movements, used in alternation
True
T or F
Reflex or stimulant effect of friction is useful in all cases in which peripheral circulation is defective
True
T or F
From 5 to 8 minutes is as long a time as it is safe to apply friction to dry skin
True
T or F
It's through reflex effects that larger supply of white blood corpuscles is brought to affected parts, encouraging phagocytosis
True
T or F
In treating inflammatory exudates, friction should be applied in alternation to affect part and to tissues distal to affected part
False
T or F
In cases of inflamed joint or muscle, friction diverts blood from affected part causing it to go around instead of through it
True
T or F
Pelvic pain may often be alleviated by friction of lower part of the back
True
T or F
Headache may be frelieved by friction of the spine
True
T or F
Friction should never be employed in cases of "hidebound" skin, conditions where skin is dingy,tawny,jaundiced, cold, inactive
False
Stroking is most like what other type of massage technique:
Effleurage
What part of the body should NOT be breated with centrifugal friction?
cold extremities
If doing friction correctly, this will be the least directly affected?
Visceral circulation
T or F
If client has a headache, which friction would be contraindicated?
Centrifugal friction to neck
In what direction is circular friction employed?
Centripetally
When applying friction to the client's forearm, you usually work in what direction?
Wrist to elbow
T or F

Circular friction is done on the extremeties
True
For centripetal friction to upper extremety, therapist should stand ____ the patient, and make movements from _______
Facing (the patient)

(from) wrist to axilla
Friction is done with what part of the hand?
the palm
Define the term "effleurage".
light friction
What vein is located along the inner side of the upper arm?
basilic
Friction can be a therapeutic application for what conditions?
General dropsy & local swelling
In frictioning forearm, pay careful attention to follow path of what veins?
median, radial & ulnar veins
To relieve edema, treatment of choice is what type of friction?
Centripetal friction
Massage utilizing centrifugal friction to the extremities may relieve what 2 conditions?
cerebral congestion & insomnia