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26 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
General abdominal massage should not be administered until:
2 hours after eating
The most common and important use of abdominal massage is as a means of relieving:
chronic intestinal inactivity
The rate of movement for kneading with a closed fist in the abdomen is:
2 seconds for each hand
Name the general causes of chronic constipation:
1)relaxed abdominal muscles
2)deficient production of bile
3)deficient activity of the nerves which control & maintain peristalsis
During fist kneading to the colon, the first movements should be in what direction?
up the ascending colon
To dislodge fecal matter, and stimulate glandular activities of the intestines, use which procedure?
deep kneading
To stimulate peristaltic action, use nerve compression to which plexus?
solar plexus
20 minutes after you have begun your massage, gurgling sounds are heard from the client's stomach. This is most likely due to what?
parasympathetic stimulation
Which of the following is a contraindication for abdominal massage?
constipation, depression, vertigo, crohn's disease
crohn's disease
Abdominal massage could be life threatening if your client has what medical condition?
aortic aneurysm
An accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity is called:
ascites
As a result of intestinal inactivity, fecal matter remains too long, causing it to:
become hard and dry, causing constipation
According to Kellogg, sluggish liver activity is commonly present in what medical condition?
Rheumatism
Kellogg describes the causes of constipation to include what:
1)deficient kidney function
2)parasympathetic deficiencies
3)relaxed abdominal muscles
Kellogg's reference to portal circulation is regarding:
the circulation from intestines to liver
The mvoement of mass through the gastrointestinal tract is called:
peristalsis
The natural laxative by which rhythmical peristaltic activity is promoted is called:
bile
What favors expulsion of intestinal contents?
intra-abdominal tension
T or F
If the abdomen is very sensitive, render it firm and smooth by sponging with cold water.
False
T or F
Abdominal massage should be avoided in patients who are very "ticklish"
False
T or F
If there is pain and coldness of the extremities, or depression after abdominal massage, employ fomentations
True
T or F
Deep kneading movements of the abdoment should be slower than for other parts of the body.
True
T or F
High blood pressure is a contraindication for abdominal massage.
True
To stimulate the nervous reflexes, and hence the peristalitic, glandular and vascular activities, under control of the abdominal sympathetic, use:
percussion
vibration
reflex stroking
nerve compression
To produce mechanical effects by means of which stasis of the intestinal contents may be overcome and accumulated fecal matter dislodged at the same time that the circulatory and glandular activities are stimulated:
digital kneading
rolling
mass kneading
kneading with the thumbs
massage of the gallbladder
kneading with a closed fist
palmar kneading
To strengthen the abdominal muscles
kneading (superficial & deep)