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17 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What are 4 common types of antiseptics?
chlorhexidine
diluted sodium hypochlorite
EDTA
Iodophors
Name 3 disinfectants that are also antiseptics.
Alcohols
chloroxylenols
Iodines
What disinfectants in general are negatively affected by the presence of organic material?
alcohols
chlorine
iodine
quaternary ammonioum compounds
this level of disinfection has no effect on M. tuberculosis or bacterial spores.
Low level disinfection
This level of disinfection inactivates M.tuberculosis but not necessarily spores.
intermediate level disinfection
Which bacteria are known to produce biofilms?
E.coli and pseudomonas
What two alcohols are commonly used for antisepsis and disinfection. Which is faster and more bactericidal? Which is less toxic and has better virucidal properties?
Ethanol and isopropanol

Iso is faster

Ethanol is more virucidal
What level of disinfection do alcohols achieve?
intermediate level disinfection
What are the two major aldehydes used for disinfection?
formaldehyde and glyceraldehyde
What is the most frequently used chlorine compound used in vet hospitals for disinfection?
sodium hypochlorite
Waht are the two most common substances used for wound antisepsis?
providone-iodine

chlorhexidine diacetate
When treating anaerobic infections, which antimicrobials activity are unpredictable?
first generation cephalosporins

trimethoprim-sulfonamides

ormethoprim-sulfonamides

fluoroquinolones

aminoglycosides
What drugs or classes of drugs are used to treat Pseudomonas infections?
aminoglycosides

fluoroquinolones

imipenem
What group of microbes are responsible for 80% of anaerobic infections?
Bacteroides fragilis
What conditions are associated with Bacteroides fragilis?
diarrhea in calves, piglets, lambs, foot rot in ruminants, and occasionally soft tissue and bone abcesses
Waht should be used to treat Bacteroides fragilis infections?
chloramphenical
metronidazole
clindamycin
What are the most common facultative anaerobes associated with obligate anaerobic infections by species for dogs, cats, horses and ruminants?
Pasteurella and Enterobacteria in dogs and cats

Enterobacteria and Beta-Streptococcus in horses

Enterobacteria and Arcanobacterium pyogenes in ruminants